Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Hospital uses device to revolutionize treatment of traumatic aortic injury

Date:
February 15, 2010
Source:
Scott & White Healthcare
Summary:
Vascular surgeons performed one of the nation's first implants of a Next Generation Conformable GORE TAG Thoracic Endoprosthesis device for the treatment of a traumatic aortic transection as part of a national clinical trial. The goal of the trial is to gain insight into using thoracic endografts for patients with traumatic aortic transection (tear) as a less invasive alternative to major surgery.

Scott & White Memorial Hospital vascular surgeons Clifford Buckley, M.D., and Ruth Bush, M.D., performed one of the nation's first implants of a Next Generation Conformable GORE TAG Thoracic Endoprosthesis device for the treatment of a traumatic aortic transection as part of a national clinical trial. The goal of the trial is to gain insight into using thoracic endografts for patients with traumatic aortic transection (tear) as a less invasive alternative to major surgery.

"This is the first time this procedure has been performed on a human as part of a landmark study and is the first device being studied for traumatic aortic transection specifically," said Dr. Buckley, a professor of surgery at Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine. "Because Scott & White Memorial Hospital is the only designated Level I trauma center between Dallas and Austin, TX, we're able to provide such cutting-edge care for patients with these traumatic injuries."

Traumatic thoracic aortic transections often result in death and injury to the thoracic aorta from motor vehicle accidents which account for up to 15 percent of all deaths. Patients who survive usually have small tears or partial thickness tears of the aortic wall and the aorta is at greatest risk in front or side impacts. Most blunt aortic injuries occur in the proximal thoracic aorta, although any portion of the aorta is at risk. The proximal descending aorta is at greatest risk from the shearing forces of sudden deceleration.

"Trauma patients with thoracic aortic transections often have multiple, complex injuries that increase the risk of standard surgical repair of the aorta," said Dr. Bush who is also assistant dean of graduate medical education at Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine. "So, a minimally-invasive treatment option like this could provide an opportunity to care for patients who might otherwise be too sick or have injuries too serious to undergo a major operation to gain access to the aorta that often requires stopping the heart."

Endovascular procedures are less invasive than major "open" surgery and involve sealing off an aneurysm by placing the endovascular graft inside the aorta, re-lining and making a new path for blood flow. The GORE TAG thoracic endograft remains inside the aorta permanently through the use of a metal stent creating a tight fit and seal against the wall of the aorta. Endovascular repair may be performed under general, regional or local anesthesia and the procedure typically takes one to three hours. Patients commonly return to normal activity within two to six weeks after the procedure.

Dr. Clifford Buckley and colleagues were the first in Central Texas to use the Conformable GORE TAG thoracic endograft that helps reinforce the weakened aortic wall. A Level 1 trauma center is a comprehensive trauma facility, and provides the highest level of specialty care available, which meets stringent national standards of performance. Access to a comprehensive trauma center and its capability to provide definitive care for every aspect of injury is strongly associated with improving a critically-injured patient's chance of survival.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Scott & White Healthcare. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Scott & White Healthcare. "Hospital uses device to revolutionize treatment of traumatic aortic injury." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 February 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100210124809.htm>.
Scott & White Healthcare. (2010, February 15). Hospital uses device to revolutionize treatment of traumatic aortic injury. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100210124809.htm
Scott & White Healthcare. "Hospital uses device to revolutionize treatment of traumatic aortic injury." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100210124809.htm (accessed July 28, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Monday, July 28, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

AP (July 28, 2014) West African nations and international health organizations are working to contain the largest Ebola outbreak in history. It's one of the deadliest diseases known to man, but the CDC says it's unlikely to spread in the U.S. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

AP (July 28, 2014) A bipartisan deal to improve veterans health care would authorize at least $15 billion in emergency spending to fix a veterans program scandalized by long patient wait times and falsified records. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Reuters - US Online Video (July 28, 2014) Two American aid workers in Liberia test positive for Ebola while working to combat the deadliest outbreak of the virus ever. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

AP (July 28, 2014) Classes are being offered nationwide to encourage African Americans to learn about cooking fresh foods based on traditional African cuisine. The program is trying to combat obesity, heart disease and other ailments often linked to diet. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins