Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Acquired childhood glaucoma more common than congenital types

Date:
April 13, 2010
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Childhood glaucoma may most commonly be caused by trauma, surgery or other acquired or secondary cause, according to a new report. In one Minnesota county, the condition occurred in approximately one per 43,575 residents age 20 and younger.

Childhood glaucoma may most commonly be caused by trauma, surgery or other acquired or secondary cause, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. In one Minnesota county, the condition occurred in approximately one per 43,575 residents age 20 and younger.

"Childhood glaucoma is an uncommon pediatric condition often associated with significant visual loss," the authors write as background information in the article. It is categorized into three subtypes: primary glaucoma, including primary congenital glaucoma (present at or soon after birth) and juvenile primary open-angle glaucoma; secondary glaucoma, which includes other syndromes or medical conditions present at birth; and acquired glaucoma, which is the result of other processes not present at birth, including inflammation, drugs, trauma or surgery.

Elisabeth P. Aponte, M.D., and colleagues at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., reviewed the medical records of all pediatric patients younger than 20 years living in Olmstead County, Minn., who were diagnosed with childhood glaucoma between 1965 and 2004. During this 40-year period, 30 children were diagnosed, for an incidence of 2.29 per 100,000 residents younger than 20 years.

Glaucoma affected both eyes in half of the children, for a total of 45 affected eyes. There were 16 boys and 14 girls, who were diagnosed at an average age of 10.4 years.

Of these cases, 19 (63 percent) were acquired, six (20 percent) were secondary and five (17 percent) were primary. The prevalence of primary congenital glaucoma at birth was 1.46 per 100,000, a rate lower than that reported in the Spanish, British or Australian general population, the authors note. Twenty-four individuals with suspected childhood glaucoma were also identified, for an incidence of 1.9 per 100,000 residents younger than 20.

"This study provides population-based incidence rates for childhood glaucoma diagnosed during a 40-year period," the authors write. "Childhood glaucoma was found in one per 43,575 patients younger than 20 years. The most common type of glaucoma was acquired glaucoma (traumatic, surgical, uveitic or drug-induced), accounting for 63 percent of patients with glaucoma, whereas the secondary and primary forms were less common."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Elisabeth P. Aponte; Nancy Diehl; Brian G. Mohney. Incidence and Clinical Characteristics of Childhood Glaucoma: A Population-Based Study. Arch Ophthalmol, 2010; 128 (4): 478-482 [link]

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Acquired childhood glaucoma more common than congenital types." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 April 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100412162106.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2010, April 13). Acquired childhood glaucoma more common than congenital types. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100412162106.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Acquired childhood glaucoma more common than congenital types." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100412162106.htm (accessed August 20, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

AFP (Aug. 19, 2014) Residents of Sierra Leone's capital voice their fears as the Ebola virus sweeps through west Africa. Duration: 00:56 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
101-Year-Old Working Man Has All The Advice You Need

101-Year-Old Working Man Has All The Advice You Need

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Herman Goldman has worked at the same lighting store for almost 75 years. Find out his secrets to a happy, productive life. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

AP (Aug. 19, 2014) Four Texas high school football programs are trying out an experimental system designed to diagnose concussions on the field. The technology is in response to growing concern over head trauma in America's most watched sport. (Aug. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
American Ebola Patient Apparently Improving, Outbreak Is Not

American Ebola Patient Apparently Improving, Outbreak Is Not

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Nancy Writebol, an American missionary who contracted Ebola, is apparently getting better, according to her husband. The outbreak, however, is not. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins