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Banning trans fats would save lives, say doctors

Date:
April 16, 2010
Source:
BMJ-British Medical Journal
Summary:
Banning trans fats from all foods in the UK would prevent thousands of heart attacks and deaths every year, and would be a simple way to protect the public and save lives, say two senior doctors.

Banning trans fats from all foods in the UK would prevent thousands of heart attacks and deaths every year, and would be a simple way to protect the public and save lives, say two senior doctors online in the British Medical Journal.

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Their views follow calls by public health specialists to eliminate the consumption of industrially-produced trans fats in the UK by next year.

Trans fats (also known as trans fatty acids) are solid fats found in margarines, biscuits, cakes, and fast food. Many studies demonstrate harmful effects of trans fats on cardiovascular risk factors.

For example, trans fats increase the amount of low density lipoprotein (LDL) or 'bad cholesterol' in the blood and reduce the amount of high density lipoprotein (HDL) or 'good cholesterol.' People with high levels of LDL cholesterol tend to have a higher risk of getting heart disease, while people with high levels of HDL cholesterol tend to have a lower risk.

A recent analysis of all the evidence recommended that people should reduce or stop their dietary intake of trans fatty acids to minimise the related risk of coronary heart disease.

The authors, from Harvard School of Public Health in the US, report that bans in Denmark and New York City effectively eliminated trans fats, without reducing food availability, taste, or affordability.

There is also no evidence that such legislation leads to harm from increased use of saturated fats.

Removing industrial trans fats is one of the most straightforward public health strategies for rapid improvements in health, they write. Based on current disease rates, a strategy to reduce consumption of trans fats by even 1% of total energy intake would be expected to prevent 11,000 heart attacks and 7,000 deaths annually in England alone.

Action by the UK might also produce larger benefits by inspiring other developed and developing countries to take similar measures to protect their citizens' health, they conclude.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by BMJ-British Medical Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Dariush Mozaffarian, Meir J Stampfer. Removing industrial trans fat from foods. BMJ, 2010; 340 (apr15 1): c1826 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.c1826

Cite This Page:

BMJ-British Medical Journal. "Banning trans fats would save lives, say doctors." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 April 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100415205755.htm>.
BMJ-British Medical Journal. (2010, April 16). Banning trans fats would save lives, say doctors. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 29, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100415205755.htm
BMJ-British Medical Journal. "Banning trans fats would save lives, say doctors." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100415205755.htm (accessed January 29, 2015).

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