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Cancer researchers link ovarian hormone to breast stem cells growth

Date:
May 7, 2010
Source:
University Health Network
Summary:
Cancer researchers have discovered that the ovarian hormone progesterone plays a pivotal role in altering breast stem cells, a finding that has important implications for breast cancer risk.
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Cancer researchers at Princess Margaret Hospital (PMH) have discovered that the ovarian hormone progesterone plays a pivotal role in altering breast stem cells, a finding that has important implications for breast cancer risk.

The findings, published online in Nature, are significant because reproductive history is among the strongest risk factors for breast cancer, says principal investigator Rama Khokha, a molecular biologist at Ontario Cancer Institute and the Campbell Family Cancer Research Institute, PMH. Other major known risk factors are age, genetics and breast density.

"Our study shows how and when hormones affect breast stem cells during the natural reproductive cycle. There are well accepted links between ovarian hormones and breast cancer, and there is mounting evidence that stem cells are seeds for breast cancer. We now show a direct connection between hormones and breast stem cells. "

Lead author Purna Joshi adds: "Our research demonstrates that when progesterone peaks during the second half of the menstrual cycle, it starts a cross-talk between stem cells and neighbouring cells that propels normal breast stem cells to expand in number, and may trigger an environment where cancer can begin."

Until now, breast stem cells were thought to be generally inactive in the adult female breast, says Dr. Khokha, whose speciality is modelling human cancer in the laboratory. In this study, the research team replicated the human natural reproductive cycle in mice to determine the impact of hormones on breast stem cells.

How hormones change these stem cells opens a new pathway to understanding the cell growth that begins breast cancer, and, with further research, will open new ways of targeting stem cells.

"It is the first evidence, to our knowledge, for progesterone-driven dynamic shifts in the mammary stem cell pool. This activation provides an opportunity to start the process of cell transformation leading to breast cancer."

The research was also supported by the Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute and the Canadian Breast Cancer Foundation.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by University Health Network. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Purna A. Joshi, Hartland W. Jackson, Alexander G. Beristain, Marco A. Di Grappa, Patricia Mote, Christine Clarke, John Stingl, Paul D. Waterhouse, Rama Khokha. Progesterone induces adult mammary stem cell expansion. Nature, 2010; DOI: 10.1038/nature09091

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University Health Network. "Cancer researchers link ovarian hormone to breast stem cells growth." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 May 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100505133256.htm>.
University Health Network. (2010, May 7). Cancer researchers link ovarian hormone to breast stem cells growth. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100505133256.htm
University Health Network. "Cancer researchers link ovarian hormone to breast stem cells growth." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100505133256.htm (accessed August 28, 2015).

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