Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Women more likely to self-medicate, Spanish study finds

Date:
April 14, 2011
Source:
Plataforma SINC
Summary:
Approximately 20 percent of Spaniards take non-prescribed medication and women are the group most inclined towards this practice, according to a new study, which also links this habit to nationality, income level and alcohol and tobacco consumption amongst the population.

Approximately 20% of Spaniards take non-prescribed medication and women are the group most inclined towards this practice. This is the conclusion of a research study carried out by experts from the Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid, which also links this habit to nationality, income level and alcohol and tobacco consumption amongst the population.

"In spite of the negative connotations generally associated with the idea of self-medication, it is actually the most significant method of self-care for the population," explains Pilar Carrasco, main author of the study and head of the department of Preventative Medicine, Public Health, Immunology and Microbiology at the Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid.

According to the research, published in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 20.17% of Spaniards use medication without a medical prescription. Of those, it is the women that self-medicate more than the men (with a prevalence of 16.93% compared to 14.46%).

This gender-based difference can be explained by referring to the exposure to the consumption of medication, which is higher in women than in men. This is due to the fact that "women are more likely to suffer from emotional disorders and are more vulnerable in our society," says Carrasco. She adds: "This may be due to a greater disposition among women to acknowledge and voice their symptoms."

To carry out the study, scientists used data gathered between 2006 and 2007 from 20,738 people through the National Health System. Age, sex, nationality, marital status, level of education and occupational status were the independent variables analysed.

Those surveyed, all over the age of 16, were asked if, in the last two weeks, they had consumed any of the drugs on a list drawn up by the researchers, without medical prescription.

Both men and women had consumed painkillers, antipyretics (to reduce fevers) and drugs to relieve the common cold or sore throat, without a medical prescription.

From young, single women to the higher paid

16- to 44-year-olds are the population group most inclined to self-medicate, with differences based on gender, level of education, nationality and health habits. "The consumption of non-prescribed drugs is more prolific among young women without chronic pain. This practice is also related to tobacco and alcohol consumption and the use of alternative therapies in this group," indicates Carrasco.

Furthermore, according to the authors, university-educated single women, men with a salary of more than 1,200 Euros per month and male immigrants are the most likely to ingest non-prescribed drugs.

To combat this practice, the World Health Organisation suggests creating spaces where the public can receive information on the correct use of drugs. "The irrational consumption of medication without prescription may have severe consequences for the individual and collective health of the population and, therefore, it is always recommended to consult a professional if you have any queries," concludes the researcher.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Plataforma SINC. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Ana López de Andrés, Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Rodrigo Jiménez-García. Sex-Differences on self-medication in Spain. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 2010; 19 (12): 1293 DOI: 10.1002/pds.2034

Cite This Page:

Plataforma SINC. "Women more likely to self-medicate, Spanish study finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 April 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110414065113.htm>.
Plataforma SINC. (2011, April 14). Women more likely to self-medicate, Spanish study finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110414065113.htm
Plataforma SINC. "Women more likely to self-medicate, Spanish study finds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110414065113.htm (accessed September 17, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Obesity Rates Steady Even As Americans' Waistlines Expand

Obesity Rates Steady Even As Americans' Waistlines Expand

Newsy (Sep. 17, 2014) — Researchers are puzzled as to why obesity rates remain relatively stable as average waistlines continue to expand. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

Newsy (Sep. 16, 2014) — President Obama is expected to send 3,000 troops to West Africa as part of the effort to contain Ebola's spread. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama Orders Military Response to Ebola

Obama Orders Military Response to Ebola

AP (Sep. 16, 2014) — Calling the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a potential threat to global security, President Barack Obama is ordering 3,000 U.S. military personnel to the stricken region amid worries that the outbreak is spiraling out of control. (Sept. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
UN: 20,000 Could Be Infected With Ebola by Year End

UN: 20,000 Could Be Infected With Ebola by Year End

AFP (Sep. 16, 2014) — Nearly $1.0 billion dollars is needed to fight the Ebola outbreak raging in west Africa, the United Nations say, warning that 20,000 could be infected by year end. Duration: 00:40 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

    Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:  

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile iPhone Android Web
    Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins