Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Combination antibody therapy shows promise in metastatic melanoma

Date:
June 5, 2011
Source:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Summary:
A duo of monoclonal antibodies -- ipilimumab and bevacizumab -- each targeting a prime survival strategy of tumors, can be safely administered and are potentially more effective than either drug alone for advanced, inoperable melanomas, according to a phase 1 clinical trial.

A duo of drugs, each targeting a prime survival strategy of tumors, can be safely administered and are potentially more effective than either drug alone for advanced, inoperable melanomas, according to a phase 1 clinical trial led by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute investigators.

The findings are being presented in an oral session at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology in Chicago.

The drugs -- ipilimumab and bevacizumab -- are both monoclonal antibodies, intensified formulations of natural disease-fighting proteins. Ipilimumab spurs the immune system to attack diseased cells, including tumor cells. Bevacizumab, also known by the trade name Avastin, blocks the growth of blood vessels that provide tumors with nourishment. Ipilimumab has extended the lives of metastatic melanoma patients in previous clinical trials, and bevacizumab is often used to treat tumors of the colon, lung, and kidney.

The trial involved 22 patients with metatastic melanoma that was not treatable by surgery.

F. Stephen Hodi, MD, the study's lead author and director of the melanoma treatment center at Dana-Farber, said the trial is the first to explore whether the two agents enhance each other's effectiveness. Most of the participants didn't experience serious adverse side effects, although some did experience inflammation of artery walls, the liver, thyroid gland, colon, or uvea (the middle layer of the eye). Five patients required steroid treatment for these problems and were removed the trial.

Positron emission tomography (PET) scans showed a prompt immune system response to many of the melanoma tumors, and computed tomography (CT) scans showed decreased blood flow to the tumors. Eight of the participants had partial responses -- showing some tumor shrinkage -- to the dual treatment, and six had stable disease. All the responses lasted at least six months. Biopsies performed after the treatment showed a more vigorous immune system response than would be expected with ipilimumab alone.

"Our findings indicate that ipilimumab and bevacizumab can be safely administered with careful management of side effects," said Hodi. "The results of lab tests suggest that the two agents may work synergistically, with 14 of 21 evaluable patients experiencing a clinical benefit. This approach merits exploration in further clinical trials."

Funding for the trial was provided by grants from the Melanoma Research Alliance and National Institutes of Health.

The other co-authors of the study are Philip Friedlander, MD, Annick Van Den Abbeele, MD, Nageatte Ibrahim, MD, Xinqi Wu, PhD, Jun Zhou, PhD, Anita Giobbie-Hurder, Travis Hollmann, MD, PhD, Sara Russell, MD, Pamela Dipiro, MD, Jeffrey Yap, PhD, Dana-Farber; George Murphy, MD, David McDermott, MD, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Michael Atkins, MD, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; and Donald Lawrence, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. "Combination antibody therapy shows promise in metastatic melanoma." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 June 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110603171108.htm>.
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. (2011, June 5). Combination antibody therapy shows promise in metastatic melanoma. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110603171108.htm
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. "Combination antibody therapy shows promise in metastatic melanoma." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110603171108.htm (accessed April 19, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Newsy (Apr. 19, 2014) Nine-month-old Wyatt Scott was born with a rare disorder called congenital trismus, which prevents him from opening his mouth. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) In a potential breakthrough for future obesity treatments, scientists have used MRI scans to pinpoint brown fat in a living adult for the first time. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins