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A new bioinformatics system improves medical diagnosis

Date:
June 28, 2011
Source:
Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Summary:
Researchers have developed an algorithm that improves the diagnosis and prognosis of many diseases, efficiently combining traditional clinical data with genetic data gathered using DNA microarray technology. The system uses DNA microarray technology to combine clinical and genetic diagnosis.
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Illustration. CliDaPa (Clinical Data Partitioning), uses histological and clinical data and pharmacological treatments to partition patients by means of a tree representation for a particular disease (called clinical tree), used to cluster patients according to similar behaviour.
Credit: Image courtesy of Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid's Facultad de Informática have developed an algorithm that improves the diagnosis and prognosis of many diseases, efficiently combining traditional clinical data with genetic data gathered using DNA microarray technology.

The algorithm, called CliDaPa (Clinical Data Partitioning), uses histological and clinical data and pharmacological treatments to partition patients by means of a tree representation for a particular disease (called clinical tree), used to cluster patients according to similar behaviour. It then uses data mining techniques to analyse each patient partition with the associated genetic information.

The method has been successfully validated on breast and lung cancer and on medulloblastomas (a type of brain tumour). Resources of Madrid's Supercomputing and Visualization Centre (CeSViMa), one of the country's major intensive computing infrastructures, were used to execute CliDaPa.

Compared with different studies reported in the scientific literature and traditional analysis techniques, the results show that CliDaPa offers a significant improvement on earlier results.

The research was developed as part of Santiago González Tortosa's PhD thesis. The thesis was co-supervised by Victor Robles, of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid's Facultad de Informática, and Fazel Famili, of the National Research Council of Canada.

New approach

CliDaPa is a different method of DNA microarray analysis that aims to generate a model representing different patient behaviours (gathered from clinical data). These behaviours will then be examined separately and specifically by means of data mining. New learning methods were also proposed in the course of the research.


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. "A new bioinformatics system improves medical diagnosis." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 June 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110628094833.htm>.
Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. (2011, June 28). A new bioinformatics system improves medical diagnosis. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 4, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110628094833.htm
Facultad de Informática de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. "A new bioinformatics system improves medical diagnosis." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110628094833.htm (accessed July 4, 2015).

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