Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

U.S. Health: Large state disparities in progress against colorectal cancer

Date:
July 7, 2011
Source:
American Cancer Society
Summary:
Progress in reducing colorectal cancer mortality rates varies significantly across states, with rates in the Northeast showing the most progress and those in the South showing the least progress, according to a new study.

Progress in reducing colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality rates varies significantly across states, with rates in the Northeast showing the most progress and those in the South showing the least progress, according to a new study. As a result, the highest burden of CRC mortality shifted from the Northeast in the early 1990s to the southern states along the Appalachian corridor in the mid 2000s. The decrease in CRC mortality rates by state correlated strongly with uptake of screening.

Related Articles


The study appears in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, and says improving screening rates through state-specific initiatives and/or expansion of the Colorectal Cancer Control Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to the Appalachian region and certain southern states could lessen the disproportionately high burden of CRC in these states.

Colorectal cancer mortality rates have been decreasing for many decades in the United States, with the decrease accelerating in the most recent time period. The extent to which this decrease varies across states and its influence on the geographic patterns of rates was previously unknown. To investigate, researchers led by American Cancer Society epidemiologist Ahmedin Jemal, Ph.D., analyzed trends in age-standardized CRC death rates for each state from 1990-2007. They found CRC mortality rates significantly decreased in all states except Mississippi between 1990-2007 based on the joinpoint model. The decrease in death rates between 1990-1994 and 2003-2007 ranged from 9% in Alabama to >33% in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, and Alaska. Mississippi and Wyoming showed no significant decrease. Generally, the northeastern states showed the largest decreases, while southern states showed the smallest decreases. The highest CRC mortality rates shifted from the northeastern states during 1990-1994 to the southern states along the Appalachian corridor during 2003-2007. The decrease in CRC mortality rates by state correlated strongly with uptake of screening.

The authors conclude that progress in CRC mortality varies across states, with the Northeast showing the most progress and the South showing the least progress, and that the findings highlight the need for wider dissemination of CRC screening.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Cancer Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. D. Naishadham, I. Lansdorp-Vogelaar, R. Siegel, V. Cokkinides, A. Jemal. State Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Mortality Patterns in the United States. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, 2011; 20 (7): 1296 DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-11-0250

Cite This Page:

American Cancer Society. "U.S. Health: Large state disparities in progress against colorectal cancer." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 July 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110707082002.htm>.
American Cancer Society. (2011, July 7). U.S. Health: Large state disparities in progress against colorectal cancer. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110707082002.htm
American Cancer Society. "U.S. Health: Large state disparities in progress against colorectal cancer." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110707082002.htm (accessed December 19, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, December 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) It's hard to resist those delicious but fattening carbs we all crave during the winter months, but there are some ways to stay satisfied without consuming the extra calories. Vanessa Freeman (@VanessaFreeTV) has the details. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Kids Die While Under Protective Services

Kids Die While Under Protective Services

AP (Dec. 18, 2014) As part of a six-month investigation of child maltreatment deaths, the AP found that hundreds of deaths from horrific abuse and neglect could have been prevented. AP's Haven Daley reports. (Dec. 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Dads-To-Be Also Experience Hormone Changes During Pregnancy

Dads-To-Be Also Experience Hormone Changes During Pregnancy

Newsy (Dec. 18, 2014) A study from University of Michigan researchers found that expectant fathers see a decrease in testosterone as the baby's birth draws near. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Prenatal Exposure To Pollution Might Increase Autism Risk

Prenatal Exposure To Pollution Might Increase Autism Risk

Newsy (Dec. 18, 2014) Harvard researchers found children whose mothers were exposed to high pollution levels in the third trimester were twice as likely to develop autism. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins