Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Significant variation in organ donations across all four UK countries

Date:
October 3, 2011
Source:
BMJ Open
Summary:
There are significant variations in the number and type of organ donations made across all four UK countries, new research reveals.

There are significant variations in the number and type of organ donations made across all four UK countries, reveals research published online in BMJ Open.

Related Articles


The research team analysed data from NHS Blood & Transplant for all four UK countries for the period 1990 to 2009, and compared data on registration and donation from other European countries.

They looked at rates of donation for kidney, liver, heart, lung and cornea per million of the population to see if there were any differences among the four countries and if these were related to organ type.

Wales consistently outperformed its UK neighbours, both in terms of the percentage of the population registered and its organ donation rate, which has been higher than the UK average for most of the past 20 years.

England, which has the third highest number of the population registered, only managed a higher than average organ donation rate for three of the past 20 years.

Yet Northern Ireland, where donor registration is the lowest of the four countries, outperformed England and Scotland in the rate of organ donation.

While rates of organ donation have remained fairly steady in England over the past two decades, they have fallen in Scotland.

The analysis also revealed significant differences among the countries in the type of organs donated, including liver donations. And England had significantly fewer heart donations than both Wales and Northern Ireland.

The rate of heart donations has also fallen over the past 20 years for Wales, Scotland and England, the findings showed.

The rate of lung donation has risen since 1990, with Northern Ireland being the greatest contributor over most of this period.

But the authors point out that heart and lung donations have been few in all four countries compared with other organs, possibly because the number of living donors, on which most heart and lung transplants depend, has been steadily falling.

While differences in kidney and cornea donations evened out over time, in Northern Ireland cornea donations have been significantly lower across the entire period.

Culture and tradition may explain some of this difference, suggest the authors, as well as the fact that there is no eye bank or eye retrieval centre in Northern Ireland.

A system of presumed consent, unless otherwise specified, has been mooted as a way of boosting organ donation rates in the UK, where supply is failing to meet increasing demand.

But the authors warn that where legislation to this effect has been introduced in other European countries, the results have been mixed.

"Comparison of EU nations, and particularly Spain, indicates that improvement of organ donation rates is unlikely to be achieved by introducing new legislation alone," they write.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by BMJ Open. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Donal McGlade, Gordon Rae, Carol McClenahan, Barbara Pierscionek. Regional and temporal variations in organ donation across the UK (secondary analyses of databases). BMJ Open, 2011; 1: e000055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000055

Cite This Page:

BMJ Open. "Significant variation in organ donations across all four UK countries." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 October 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111003195247.htm>.
BMJ Open. (2011, October 3). Significant variation in organ donations across all four UK countries. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111003195247.htm
BMJ Open. "Significant variation in organ donations across all four UK countries." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111003195247.htm (accessed December 17, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Science & Society News

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

UN: Up to One Million Facing Hunger in Ebola-Hit Countries

UN: Up to One Million Facing Hunger in Ebola-Hit Countries

AFP (Dec. 17, 2014) Border closures, quarantines and crop losses in West African nations battling the Ebola virus could lead to as many as one million people going hungry, UN food agencies said on Wednesday. Duration: 00:52 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Los Angeles Police To Receive 7,000 Body Cameras

Los Angeles Police To Receive 7,000 Body Cameras

Newsy (Dec. 17, 2014) Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti announced the cameras will be distributed starting Jan. 1. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ivory Trade Boom Swamps Law Efforts

Ivory Trade Boom Swamps Law Efforts

Reuters - Business Video Online (Dec. 17, 2014) Demand for ivory has claimed the lives of tens of thousands of African elephants and now a conservation report says the illegal trade is overwhelming efforts to enforce the law. Amy Pollock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Indictments in West Virginia Chemical Spill Case

Indictments in West Virginia Chemical Spill Case

AP (Dec. 17, 2014) A grand jury indicted four former executives of Freedom Industries, the company at the center of the Jan. 9, 2014 chemical spill in Charleston, West Virginia. The spill contaminated the Elk River and the water supply of 300,000 people. (Dec. 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Science & Society

Business & Industry

Education & Learning

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins