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World's lightest material is a metal 100 times lighter than styrofoam

Date:
November 17, 2011
Source:
University of California - Irvine
Summary:
Engineers have developed the world's lightest material -- with a density of 0.9 mg/cc -- about 100 times lighter than Styrofoam.

New metal - which is 99.9 percent air - is so light that it can sit atop dandelion fluff without damaging it.
Credit: Dan Little, HRL Laboratories LLC

A team of researchers from UC Irvine, HRL Laboratories and the California Institute of Technology have developed the world's lightest material -- with a density of 0.9 mg/cc -- about one hundred times lighter than Styrofoam™.

Their findings appear in the Nov. 18 issue of Science.

The new material redefines the limits of lightweight materials because of its unique "micro-lattice" cellular architecture. The researchers were able to make a material that consists of 99.99 percent air by designing the 0.01 percent solid at the nanometer, micron and millimeter scales. "The trick is to fabricate a lattice of interconnected hollow tubes with a wall thickness 1,000 times thinner than a human hair," said lead author Dr. Tobias Schaedler of HRL.

The material's architecture allows unprecedented mechanical behavior for a metal, including complete recovery from compression exceeding 50 percent strain and extraordinarily high energy absorption.

"Materials actually get stronger as the dimensions are reduced to the nanoscale," explained UCI mechanical and aerospace engineer Lorenzo Valdevit, UCI's principal investigator on the project. "Combine this with the possibility of tailoring the architecture of the micro-lattice and you have a unique cellular material."

Developed for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the novel material could be used for battery electrodes and acoustic, vibration or shock energy absorption.

William Carter, manager of the architected materials group at HRL, compared the new material to larger, more familiar edifices: "Modern buildings, exemplified by the Eiffel Tower or the Golden Gate Bridge, are incredibly light and weight-efficient by virtue of their architecture. We are revolutionizing lightweight materials by bringing this concept to the nano and micro scales."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of California - Irvine. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. T. A. Schaedler, A. J. Jacobsen, A. Torrents, A. E. Sorensen, J. Lian, J. R. Greer, L. Valdevit, W. B. Carter. Ultralight Metallic Microlattices. Science, 2011; 334 (6058): 962 DOI: 10.1126/science.1211649

Cite This Page:

University of California - Irvine. "World's lightest material is a metal 100 times lighter than styrofoam." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 November 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111117154643.htm>.
University of California - Irvine. (2011, November 17). World's lightest material is a metal 100 times lighter than styrofoam. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111117154643.htm
University of California - Irvine. "World's lightest material is a metal 100 times lighter than styrofoam." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111117154643.htm (accessed April 21, 2014).

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