Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Mental stress: Unique solutions for unique populations

Date:
September 21, 2012
Source:
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing
Summary:
A mother in jail co-residing with her infant in a prison nursery; a war veteran still picturing the violent trauma. These scenarios are real life and dealt with each day by incarcerated mothers and returning veterans. The common link -- stress -- is the focus of new research.

A mother in jail co-residing with her infant in a prison nursery; a war veteran still picturing the violent trauma. These scenarios are real life and dealt with each day by incarcerated mothers and returning veterans.

The common link -- stress -- is the focus of Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing (JHUSON) PhD Candidate Jan Kaminsky and Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) student Jemma Ayvazian.

Working with a group of mothers who had participated in a co-residential prison nursery program, Kaminsky surveyed to see if an insecure maternal attachment due to incarceration was associated with harsher child discipline practices and higher levels of maternal depression. In collaboration with her mentor Dr. Mary Byrne, Columbia University School of Nursing, and through Byrne's ongoing study with these mothers, Kaminsky administered a 20-question Conflict Tactics Scale to determine what types of discipline (non-violent, psychological, and physical assault) they had administered over the past 12 months after their release from prison.

Kaminsky learned that while all mothers reported some use of non-violent discipline, the majority used psychological aggression and minor physical assault against their children, and mothers who had faced significant depression were more likely to utilize physical assault.

Kaminsky was encouraged that most mothers had a strong understanding of and desire to break the cycle of incarceration and family instability they once experienced. She felt prison nursery use was a way to help improve the lives of these vulnerable families, while advancing each mothers' attachment model with their children. One mother, referring to her daughter, said, "She was very full of herself…that she knows that she can accomplish anything. And...you know...I've taught her that…that she can do anything she wants to do with her life."

Looking at a very different population, Jemma Ayvazian is using a remote Veteran's Administration facility to identify care components necessary to produce positive outcomes for veterans who sustained Polytrauma/Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.

Ayvazian hopes to promote recovery and successful reintegration into the community and decrease the time Polytrauma/TBI veterans spend in the post-acute and chronic phase. She is also considering development of a phone application that will provide free health information through text messages to clinicians, family members, care givers, and the veterans themselves.

Ayvazian remembers her husband's deployment to Iraq in March of 2003. "I saw soldiers coming back from the war zone with multiple problems: I wanted to somehow help…Although it is difficult for me to witness what our veterans and their families go through, helping -- one at a time -- making a meaningful impact on their lives, serving as their advocate, making sure that their voices are heard and their needs are met is the most rewarding experience."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. "Mental stress: Unique solutions for unique populations." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 September 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120921140120.htm>.
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. (2012, September 21). Mental stress: Unique solutions for unique populations. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120921140120.htm
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. "Mental stress: Unique solutions for unique populations." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120921140120.htm (accessed August 22, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Friday, August 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Lost Brain Cells To Blame For Sleep Problems Among Seniors

Lost Brain Cells To Blame For Sleep Problems Among Seniors

Newsy (Aug. 21, 2014) According to a new study, elderly people might have trouble sleeping because of the loss of a certain group of neurons in the brain. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Do More Wedding Guests Make A Happier Marriage?

Do More Wedding Guests Make A Happier Marriage?

Newsy (Aug. 20, 2014) A new study found couples who had at least 150 guests at their weddings were more likely to report being happy in their marriages. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Charter Schools Alter Post-Katrina Landscape

Charter Schools Alter Post-Katrina Landscape

AP (Aug. 20, 2014) Nine years after Hurricane Katrina, charter schools are the new reality of public education in New Orleans. The state of Louisiana took over most of the city's public schools after the killer storm in 2005. (Aug. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

AP (Aug. 19, 2014) Four Texas high school football programs are trying out an experimental system designed to diagnose concussions on the field. The technology is in response to growing concern over head trauma in America's most watched sport. (Aug. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins