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Lack of sleep leads to insulin resistance in teens

Date:
September 29, 2012
Source:
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Summary:
A new study suggests that increasing the amount of sleep that teenagers get could improve their insulin resistance and prevent the future onset of diabetes.

A new study suggests that increasing the amount of sleep that teenagers get could improve their insulin resistance and prevent the future onset of diabetes.

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"High levels of insulin resistance can lead to the development of diabetes," said lead author Karen Matthews, PhD, of the University of Pittsburgh Department of Psychiatry. "We found that if teens that normally get six hours of sleep per night get one extra hour of sleep, they would improve insulin resistance by 9 percent."

The study, appearing in the October issue of the journal Sleep, tracked the sleep duration and insulin resistance levels of 245 healthy high school students. Participants provided a fasting blood draw, and they kept a sleep log and wore a wrist actigraph for one week during the school year. Sleep duration based on actigraphy averaged 6.4 hours over the week, with school days significantly lower than weekends.

Results show that higher insulin resistance is associated with shorter sleep duration independent of race, age, gender, waist circumference, and body mass index. According to Matthews, the study is the only one in healthy adolescents that shows a relationship between shorter sleep and insulin resistance that is independent of obesity.

The authors concluded that interventions to promote metabolic health in adolescence should include efforts to extend nightly sleep duration. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine reports that most teens need a little more than nine hours of sleep each night.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Karen Matthews et al. Sleep Duration and Insulin Resistance in Healthy Black and White Adolescents. Sleep, October 2012

Cite This Page:

American Academy of Sleep Medicine. "Lack of sleep leads to insulin resistance in teens." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 September 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120929140234.htm>.
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2012, September 29). Lack of sleep leads to insulin resistance in teens. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120929140234.htm
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. "Lack of sleep leads to insulin resistance in teens." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120929140234.htm (accessed November 22, 2014).

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