Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Drug shows potential to delay onset or progression of Alzheimer's disease

Date:
March 11, 2013
Source:
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)
Summary:
An anti-atherosclerosis drug greatly reduced blood-brain barrier (BBB) leaks in animal models with diabetes and hypercholesterolemia and linked BBB permeability with amyloid peptide deposits at the site of early Alzheimer's pathology.

A research team led by Robert Nagele, PhD, of the New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging (NJISA) at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)-School of Osteopathic Medicine, has demonstrated that the anti-atherosclerosis drug darapladib can significantly reduce leaks in the blood brain barrier. This finding potentially opens the door to new therapies to prevent the onset or the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

Writing in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease (currently in press), the researchers describe findings involving the use of darapladib in animal models that had been induced to develop diabetes mellitus and hypercholesterolemia (DMHC), which are considered to be major risk factors for Alzheimer's disease.

"Diabetes and hypercholesterolemia are associated with an increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier, and it is becoming increasingly clear that this blood-brain barrier breakdown contributes to neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's," Nagele said. "Darapladib appears to be able to reduce this permeability to levels comparable to those found in normal, non-DMHC controls, and suggests a link between this permeability and the deposition of amyloid peptides in the brain."

The study involved 28 animal (pig) models that were divided into three groups -- DMHC animals treated with a 10 mg/day dose of darapladib; DMHC animals that received no treatment; and non-DMHC controls. Post-mortem analysis of the brains of the darapladib-treated animals showed significant decreases in blood-brain barrier leakage and in the density of amyloid-positive neurons in the cerebral cortices. Interestingly, the amyloid peptides that leaked into the brain tissue were found almost exclusively in the pyramidal neurons of the cerebral cortex, one of the earliest pathologies of the development of Alzheimer's disease.

"Because our results suggest that these metabolic disorders can trigger neurodegenerative changes through blood-brain barrier compromise, therapies -- such as darapladib -- that can reduce vascular leaks have great potential for delaying the onset or slowing the progression of diseases like Alzheimer's," said the study's lead author, Nimish Acharya, PhD, of the NJISA and the UMDNJ-Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. "The clinical, caregiving and financial impact of such an effect cannot be overestimated."

This study was supported by funding from GlaxoSmithKline through an industry-academic alliance via the Alternative Drug Discovery Initiative with the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). "Drug shows potential to delay onset or progression of Alzheimer's disease." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 March 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130311173613.htm>.
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). (2013, March 11). Drug shows potential to delay onset or progression of Alzheimer's disease. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130311173613.htm
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). "Drug shows potential to delay onset or progression of Alzheimer's disease." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130311173613.htm (accessed October 1, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Pregnancy Spacing Could Have Big Impact On Autism Risks

Pregnancy Spacing Could Have Big Impact On Autism Risks

Newsy (Oct. 1, 2014) A new study says children born less than one year and more than five years after a sibling can have an increased risk for autism. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Stopping School Violence

Stopping School Violence

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) A trauma doctor steps out of the hospital and into the classroom to teach kids how to calmly solve conflicts, avoiding a trip to the ER. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Pineal Cysts: Debilitating Pain

Pineal Cysts: Debilitating Pain

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) A tiny cyst in the brain that can cause debilitating symptoms like chronic headaches and insomnia, and the doctor who performs the delicate surgery to remove them. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Burning Away Brain Tumors

Burning Away Brain Tumors

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) Doctors are 'cooking' brain tumors. Hear how this new laser-heat procedure cuts down on recovery time. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins