Nervous System News
September 3, 2015

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September 3, 2015

Sep. 2, 2015 — New research may help explain why drug treatments for addiction and depression don't work for some patients. The conditions are linked to reward and aversion responses in the brain. And the ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Scientists have pinpointed a population of neurons in the brain that influences whether one drink leads to two, which could ultimately lead to a cure for alcoholism and other addictions. Their study ... read more

Aug. 20, 2015 — Two proteins that share the ability to help cells deal with their trash appear to need each other to do their jobs and when they don't connect, it appears to contribute to development of ... read more

Brief Postnatal Blindness Triggers Long-Lasting Reorganization in the Brain

Aug. 20, 2015 — A brief period of postnatal visual deprivation, when early in life, drives a rewiring of the brain areas involved in visual processing, even if the visual restoration is completed well before the ... read more

New Insights in Pathological Mechanism That Causes Dysfunctional Synapses

Aug. 19, 2015 — Genetic analysis of human patients has shown that mutations in genes involved in synaptic communication can drive neuropsychiatric and neurological diseases such as autism spectrum disorder and ... read more

Study Reveals Effects of Chemoradiation in Brains of Glioblastoma Patients

Aug. 17, 2015 — A new study -- the first to examine the effects of combined radiation and chemotherapy on the healthy brain tissue of glioblastoma patients -- reveals not only specific structural changes within ... read more

Study Identifies Cause of Disruption in Brain Linked to Psychiatric Disorder

Aug. 17, 2015 — New research has identified the mechanisms that trigger disruption in the brain's communication channels linked to symptoms in psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia. This research could ... read more

Aug. 17, 2015 — Every brain cell has a nucleus, or a central command station. Scientists have shown that the passage of molecules through the nucleus of a star-shaped brain cell, called an astrocyte, may play a ... read more

Aug. 17, 2015 — Certain diseases, like Parkinson's and Huntingdon's disease, are associated with damage to the pathways between the brain's basal ganglia regions. For the first time, scientists have ... read more

Imaging Study Looks at Brain Effects of Early Adversity, Mental Health Disorders

Aug. 17, 2015 — Adversity during the first six years of life was associated with higher levels of childhood internalizing symptoms, such as depression and anxiety, in a group of boys, as well as altered brain ... read more

Aug. 17, 2015 — Scientists have revealed never-before-seen details of how our brain sends rapid-fire messages between its cells. They mapped the 3-D atomic structure of a two-part protein complex that controls the ... read more

How Anesthesia's Brain Effects Differ in Older Adults, Children

Aug. 13, 2015 — A series of papers is detailing the different ways common anesthetics affect the brains of older patients and children, findings that could lead to improved monitoring technology and safety of ... read more

Aug. 13, 2015 — Neuroscientists have discovered how an animal's biological clock wakes it up in the morning and puts it to sleep at night. In studies of fruit flies and mice and the brain circadian neurons ... read more

Regenerating Nerve Tissue in Spinal Cord Injuries

Aug. 13, 2015 — Researchers are exploring a new therapy using stem cells to treat spinal cord injuries within the first 14 to 30 days of injury. The therapy uses a population of cells derived from human embryonic ... read more

Aug. 12, 2015 — Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep, the period in which we experience vivid dreams, was discovered by scientists in the 1950s. A new study based on rare neuronal data offers the first scientific evidence ... read more

Neurons' Broken Machinery Piles Up in ALS

Aug. 12, 2015 — Researchers have learned how a mutation in the gene for superoxide dismutase 1, which causes ALS, leads cells to accumulate damaged materials. The study suggests a potential target for treating this ... read more

Aug. 11, 2015 — Mice lacking a set of receptors in one type of neuron in the brain developed compulsive, anti-social behaviors, scientists have found. The importance of the receptor, called mGluR5, in other areas of ... read more

Aug. 10, 2015 — Scientists have identified two proteins that appear to have a protective effect in the set of neurons most affected by this degenerative disease. When their activity wanes, disease sets in. This ... read more

Altered Brain Development Among Former NFL Players, Study Suggests

Aug. 10, 2015 — Former National Football League players who started playing tackle football before the age of 12 were found to have a higher risk of altered brain development compared to those who started playing at ... read more

Promising Drug for Parkinson's Disease: Study Supports Fast Track to Clinical Trials

Aug. 9, 2015 — A drug which has already been in use for decades to treat liver disease could be an effective treatment to slow down progression of Parkinson's disease, scientists have ... read more

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