Nervous System News
June 29, 2015

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updated 11:28pm EDT

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June 29, 2015

June 29, 2015 — The human retina contains some 100 million photoreceptor cells. When these are stimulated with light, they communicate that information to the brain and we perceive light. Researchers have now ... read more

June 23, 2015 — Ten weeks of intensive reading intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder was enough to strengthen the activity of loosely connected areas of their brains that work together to ... read more

Parkinson's Disease May Begin in the Gut

June 23, 2015 — A major epidemiological registry-based study indicates that Parkinson's disease begins in the gastrointestinal tract. The study is the largest in the field so ... read more

New Light Shed on How Neurons Control Muscle Movement

June 23, 2015 — Researchers studying how the brain controls movement in people with paralysis, related to their diagnosis of Lou Gehrig's disease, have found that groups of neurons work together, firing in ... read more

First Genetic Mutation Associated With Aicardi Syndrome

June 19, 2015 — A genetic mutation responsible for a debilitating childhood neurological condition known as Aicardi syndrome has been identified by researchers. They identified mutations to a gene known as TEAD1, ... read more

June 19, 2015 — The thickness of the brain's cerebral cortex could be a key to unlocking answers about intellectual development in youth with Down syndrome. It could also provide new insights to why individuals ... read more

June 19, 2015 — Mapping the human brain's network of interconnections, known as the connectome is typically done with help from computational tools because recreating interconnections between different brain ... read more

Specific Roles of Adult Neural Stem Cells May Be Determined Before Birth

June 18, 2015 — Adult neural stem cells, which are commonly thought of as having the ability to develop into many type of brain cells, are in reality pre-programmed before birth to make very specific types of ... read more

New Sleep Genes Found

June 18, 2015 — A protein called Taranis could hold the key to a good night's sleep, researchers have found. The researchers examined thousands of mutant fly lines and found a mutant, called taranis, that slept ... read more

New Model to Study HIV Latency in Brain Cells

June 18, 2015 — Over 35 million people worldwide are currently infected by HIV. Antiviral therapies can keep the virus from multiplying. However, no drug can cure infection so far, because various cell types ... read more

June 17, 2015 — Non-narcotic treatments for chronic pain that work well in people, not just mice, are sorely needed. Drawing from human pain genetics, an international team of researchers demonstrates a way to break ... read more

Individuals With Social Phobia Have Too Much Serotonin -- Not Too Little

June 17, 2015 — Previous studies have led researchers to believe that individuals with social anxiety disorder or social phobia have too low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin. A new study, however, shows that ... read more

June 16, 2015 — Neuroscientists have refined a map showing which parts of the brain are activated during head rotation, resolving a decades-old puzzle. Their findings may help in the study of movement disorders ... read more

June 16, 2015 — Post-concussion psychiatric disorders like depression, anxiety and irritability can be extremely disabling for those among the nearly 3.8 million people in the United States who suffer concussions ... read more

Gene Therapy Prevents Parkinson's Disease in Animal Model

June 15, 2015 — Gene therapy to reduce production of a brain protein prevented development of Parkinson's disease in an animal study, researchers report. The findings could lead to new understanding of how ... read more

Study Points to Drug Target for Huntington’s Disease

June 15, 2015 — Scientists have established conclusively that an activating protein, called “Rhes,” plays a pivotal role in focusing the toxicity of Huntington’s ... read more

June 15, 2015 — Human stem cells can be differentiated to produce other cell types, such as organ cells, skin cells, or brain cells. While organ cells, for example, can function in isolation, brain cells require ... read more

Scientists Find Genetic Basis of Brain Networks Seen in Imaging Studies

June 11, 2015 — Synchronized physiological interactions between remote brain regions have genetic underpinnings, a new study has found. The identification of functional-connectivity-associated genes sets the stage ... read more

Regular Soda, Please: Hormone That Differentiates Sugar, Diet Sweeteners Could Exist in Humans

June 11, 2015 — We've all been there: We eat an entire sleeve of fat-free, low-calorie cookies and we're stuffing ourselves with more food 15 minutes later. One theory to explain this phenomenon is that ... read more

Unique Role of Nerve Cells in Body’s Use of Energy

June 11, 2015 — While it is well-known that weight gain results from an imbalance between what we eat and our energy expenditure, not so obvious is the role the nervous system plays in controlling energy balance. ... read more

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