Nervous System News
May 28, 2015

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updated 11:58am EDT

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May 28, 2015

New Findings About Mechanisms Underlying Chronic Pain Reveal Novel Therapeutic Strategies

May 26, 2015 — A critical role for a class of cells present in the brain and spinal cord, called microglia, has been discovered for those in pain. Researchers have found microglia to neuron signaling to be crucial ... read more

May 22, 2015 — A novel mouse has been developed that exhibits the symptoms and neurodegeneration associated with the most common genetic forms of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ... read more

fMRI: New Window Into the Brain

May 18, 2015 — Neuroscientists have made an important advance in studying the human brain with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). This imaging technique is used in research to investigate the ... read more

May 21, 2015 — A method known as navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) has been gaining importance in neurosurgery for some time now. Among other applications, it is used to map brain tumors before an ... read more

May 19, 2015 — Researchers suggest that the portion of the brain devoted to hearing can become reorganized even with early-stage hearing loss, and may play a role in cognitive decline. They have applied fundamental ... read more

Omega-3 Fatty Acids Enhance Cognitive Flexibility in at-Risk Older Adults

May 19, 2015 — A study of older adults at risk of late-onset Alzheimer's disease found that those who consumed more omega-3 fatty acids did better than their peers on tests of cognitive flexibility -- the ... read more

May 19, 2015 — When nerve cells form in an embryo they don’t start off in the right place but have to be guided to their final position by navigating a kind of molecular and cellular “map” in order to ... read more

Obesity May Exacerbate Inactivity, Due to Poor Motor Skills

May 18, 2015 — Obese adults have very poor motor skills which makes fine movements difficult for them, according to a new study. The findings suggest inactivity may not be a cause of obesity, but instead a result ... read more

Brain Research: What Hundreds of Biomolecules Tell Us About Our Nerve Cells

May 18, 2015 — Metabolic profiles, or the metabolomes, of different brain regions have been successfully measured by researchers. These findings could help researchers better understand neurodegenerative diseases. ... read more

Smaller Volumes in Certain Regions of the Brain Could Lead to Increased Likelihood of Drug Addiction

May 15, 2015 — Individual differences in brain structure could help to determine the risk for future drug addiction, new research suggests. The study found that occasional users who subsequently increased their ... read more

May 13, 2015 — Supercomputing resources at an American lab will support a new initiative designed to advance how scientists digitally reconstruct and analyze individual neurons in the human brain. Mapping the ... read more

Epilepsy Has Been Found to Reduce the Generation of New Neurons

May 15, 2015 — The mission of neural stem cells located in the hippocampus, one of the main regions of the brain, is to generate new neurons during the adult life of mammals, and their function is to participate in ... read more

Can Drinking Alcohol Harm the Child Before the Mother Knows She Is Pregnant?

May 13, 2015 — Alcohol drunk by a mouse in early pregnancy changes the way genes function in the brains of the offspring. The early exposure was also later apparent in the brain structure of the adult offspring. ... read more

May 15, 2015 — Chronic pain is known to cause brain anatomy changes and impairments, but yoga can be an important tool for preventing or even reversing the effects of chronic pain on the brain, according to a new ... read more

Nerve Involvement Explains Why Some Cancers Are Very Painful

May 15, 2015 — More than half of all cancer patients experience pain, most often associated with the malignancy type, body location and disease progression. Pain researchers report that the relationship between ... read more

May 14, 2015 — A mouse model has been developed that exhibits the neuropathological and behavioral features associated with the most common genetic form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's ... read more

Single Low-Magnitude Electric Pulse Successfully Fights Inflammation

May 13, 2015 — The results of research on the therapeutic potential of vagus nerve stimulation have now been released. Prior to this study, it was not understood which vagus nerve fiber types were responsible for ... read more

Every Bite You Take, Every Move You Make, Astrocytes Will Be Watching You

May 14, 2015 — Chewing, breathing, and other regular bodily functions that we undertake “without thinking” actually do require the involvement of our brain, but the question of how the brain programs such ... read more

May 13, 2015 — A team of engineers and researchers is working to allow those with upper limb prosthetics to feel hot and cold and the sense of touch through their prosthetic ... read more

Research Finds Differences in the Brains and Behavior of Girls and Boys With Autism

May 13, 2015 — Differences in the underlying biology of children's brains and behavior has been identified through a study on a large cohort of preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder. The findings may help ... read more

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