Nervous System News
December 1, 2015

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December 1, 2015

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new genetic model has been developed that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry. Damage to astrocytes -- star-shaped cells found in the brain and spinal cord -- is ... read more

Neuromyelitis Optica: Conventional Therapies Do Not Achieve the Best Results

Nov. 26, 2015 — Medical professionals have compared different treatment methods for Neuromyelitis optica, an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. It turned out that the best results were not achieved ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — The burst of energy and hyperactivity that comes with a cocaine high is a rather accurate reflection of what's going on in the brain of its users, finds a study. Through experiments conducted in ... read more

Structural Brain Connectivity as a Genetic Marker for Schizophrenia

Nov. 25, 2015 — Schizophrenia has been considered an illness of disrupted brain connectivity since its earliest descriptions. Several studies have suggested brain white matter is affected not only in patients with ... read more

Immune-Disorder Treatment in Mice Holds Potential for Multiple Sclerosis Patients

Nov. 24, 2015 — A simple, rapid way to treat an immune-related disorder in mice has been identified by researchers, an approach that could eventually help multiple sclerosis patients after further ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — Nerve cells cover their high energy demand with glucose and lactate, scientists confirm. They show for the first time in the intact mouse brain evidence for an exchange of lactate between different ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — A family of therapeutic stem cells called multipotent adult progenitor cells lessen the consequences of the immune system's damaging second wave response and preserve function that would ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Scientists have uncovered a mechanism in the brain that could account for some of the neural degeneration and memory loss in people with Alzheimer's ... read more

Nov. 20, 2015 — Persistent inflammation affects the brain in ways that are connected with stubborn symptoms of depression, such as anhedonia, the inability to experience pleasure. The findings bolster the case that ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In the developing nervous system, some neurons must extend their branches to connect one half of the brain with the other. A new study sheds light on the molecular mechanisms that guide the winding ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — The simple act of running may be sufficient to prevent long-term cognitive impairments caused by prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs, according to a study. The findings revealed that prenatal ... read more

How Exercise May Energize Brain Cell Function: Animal Study

Nov. 19, 2015 — As we age or develop neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, our brain cells may not produce sufficient energy to remain fully functional. Researchers have discovered that an enzyme ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In a new study that could have implications for future drug discovery efforts for a number of neurodegenerative diseases, scientists have found that the interaction between a pair of brain proteins ... read more

Brains With Autism Adapt Differently During Implicit Learning

Nov. 19, 2015 — A crucial difference in the way learning occurs in the brains of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been identified by scientists. They have examined how the brains of typical and ASD ... read more

Improving Fitness May Counteract Brain Atrophy in Older Adults, Study Shows

Nov. 19, 2015 — Older adults that improved their fitness through a moderate intensity exercise program increased the thickness of their brain's cortex, the outer layer of the brain that typically atrophies with ... read more

Novel Proteins Linked to Huntington's Disease Identified

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new discovery about Huntington's disease has been made by researchers, showing that the gene that causes the fatal disorder makes an unexpected 'cocktail' of mutant proteins that ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In epilepsy, nerve cells or neurons lose their usual rhythm, and ion channels, which have a decisive influence on their excitability, are involved. A team of researchers has now discovered a new ... read more

New Insights in the Search for Treatments for Neurological Diseases

Nov. 19, 2015 — The fine details of a mechanism that provides more insight in the communication between neurons has been revealed by a team of scientists. The research has clarified how damaged synapses -- the ... read more

Master Switch for Brain Development

Nov. 18, 2015 — A complex regulatory mechanism has been disovered, which explains how a single gene can drive the formation of brain cells. The research is an important step towards a better understanding of how the ... read more

Nov. 18, 2015 — While some things may be 'as simple as black and white', this has not been the case for the circuits in the brain that make it possible to distinguish black from white. The patterns of ... read more

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