Nervous System News
May 5, 2015

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May 5, 2015

Shedding Light on Rods: Novel Technique to Investigate the Activity of These Retinal Cells

May 5, 2015 — By using 'unusual' optic fibres in a novel fashion, an international team of researchers scrutinized the response to light of rods, the light-sensitive cells of the retina, and demonstrated ... read more

Apr. 28, 2015 — In certain types of cancer, nerves and cancer cells enter an often lethal and intricate waltz where cancer cells and nerves move toward one another and eventually engage in such a way that the cancer ... read more

A Glitch in the Recycling: Study Identifies Key Factor in the Neural Death That Causes Parkinson's Disease

Apr. 28, 2015 — In studying the molecular biology of brain development, a team of researchers has discovered how disruption of a developmental mechanism alters the very nerve cells that are most affected in ... read more

Your Adolescent Brain on Alcohol: Changes Last Into Adulthood

Apr. 27, 2015 — Repeated alcohol exposure during adolescence results in long-lasting changes in the region of the brain that controls learning and memory, according to a research team that used a rodent model as a ... read more

Apr. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that neurons are risk takers: They use minor "DNA surgeries" to toggle their activity levels all day, every day. Since these activity levels are important in ... read more

Prenatal Stem Cell Treatment Improves Mobility Issues Caused by Spina Bifida

Apr. 27, 2015 — The lower-limb paralysis associated with spina bifida may be effectively treated before birth by combining a unique stem cell therapy with surgery, new research has ... read more

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Contributes to Successful Brain Aging

Apr. 27, 2015 — Cardiorespiratory fitness may positively impact the structure of white matter in the brains of older adults. These results suggest that exercise could be prescribed to lessen age-related declines in ... read more

Apr. 27, 2015 — Researchers have performed the first human-based study to identify calcium channels in cerebral arteries and determine the distinct role each channel plays in helping control blood flow to the ... read more

Discovery May Open Door for Treating Fragile X Carriers

Apr. 24, 2015 — Fragile X syndrome, an inherited cause of autism and intellectual disability, can have consequences even for carriers of the disorder who don't have full-blown ... read more

New Light Shed on Brain's Source of Power

Apr. 24, 2015 — New research represents a potentially fundamental shift in our understanding of how nerve cells in the brain generate the energy needed to function. The study shows neurons are more independent than ... read more

Systematic Interaction Network Filtering in Biobanks

Apr. 24, 2015 — While seeking targets to attack Huntington's disease, an incurable inherited neurodegenerative disorder, neurobiologists have found what they were looking for. Using a filtering strategy ... read more

Apr. 24, 2015 — Researchers have identified the role that a key protein associated with autism and the co-occurrence of alcohol dependency and depression plays in forming the spines that create new connections in ... read more

Glimpses of How the Brain Transforms Sound

Apr. 23, 2015 — When people hear the sound of footsteps or the drilling of a woodpecker, the rhythmic structure of the sounds is striking. Even when the temporal structure of a sound is less obvious, as with human ... read more

Scientists Pinpoint Brain-Swelling Mechanism

Apr. 23, 2015 — A significant discovery has been made uncovering the cause of brain swelling after trauma to the head. The research paves the way for a preventative drug treatment for severe brain damage following ... read more

Brain Tumor Growth Stimulated by Nerve Activity in the Cortex, Study Finds

Apr. 23, 2015 — Deadly brain tumors called high-grade gliomas grow with the help of nerve activity in the cerebral cortex, according to a new study. The work, conducted in mice with an aggressive human brain cancer ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — About one in five people experience tinnitus, the perception of a sound -- often described as ringing -- that isn't really there. Now, researchers have taken advantage of a rare opportunity to ... read more

Tantrums, Transmitters and Treatments: Neurotransmitters Linked Aggressive Behavior

Apr. 23, 2015 — How do some of us manage to control our violent tendencies while others cannot? Research may help to address this question. International collaborators found that an increase in the levels of two ... read more

Nanoparticle Drug Reverses Parkinson's-Like Symptoms in Rats

Apr. 22, 2015 — As baby boomers age, the number of people diagnosed with Parkinson's disease is expected to increase. Patients who develop this disease usually start experiencing symptoms around age 60 or ... read more

New Brain Mapping Model Could Improve Effectiveness of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Apr. 22, 2015 — Brain researchers have developed a new brain mapping model that could improve the success rate of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in treating conditions including depression, neuropathic ... read more

Apr. 21, 2015 — New research highlights how nerves -- whether harmed by disease or traumatic injury -- start to die, a discovery that unveils novel targets for developing drugs to slow or halt peripheral ... read more

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