Nervous System News
October 13, 2015

Latest Headlines
updated 7:00pm EDT

More Nervous System News
October 13, 2015

Immune Gene Prevents Parkinson's Disease, Dementia

Oct. 9, 2015 — An estimated seven to ten million people worldwide are living with Parkinson's disease (PD). More than half of PD patients develop progressive disease showing signs of dementia similar to ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — SOCE (Store Operated Calcium Entry) is a process by which Calcium ions slowly enter cells to refill depleted calcium stores. This process in nerve cells is now thought to play a role in maintaining ... read more

Lack of D1 Receptor Leads to Slowness of Movements in Parkinson's Disease

Oct. 6, 2015 — Lack of dopamine transmission through D1 receptors disturbs information flow through the 'direct pathway' in the basal ganglia, and ends up in difficulty in initiating voluntary movements, ... read more

Researchers Discover Role of Microglia During Early Progression of Alzheimer's Disease

Oct. 5, 2015 — For the first time, researchers have determined how toxic tau fibrils spread by the help of brain immune cells called microglia during the early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The discovery ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — A drug now being used to treat cancer might make it easier to learn a language, sharpen memory and help those with dementia and Alzheimer's disease by rewiring the brain and keeping neurons ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Tissue-engineered colon derived from human cells is able to develop the many specialized nerves required for function, mimicking the neuronal population found in native colon. These specialized ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — The nucleus accumbens, that control motivation in the brain, activates the activity of the motor cortex of the brain, and then promotes recovery of motor function during the early stage of recovery ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Our brain cells have different genomes from one another. The study shows for the first time that mutations in somatic cells -- that is, any cell in the body except sperm and eggs -- are present in ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Researchers use brain scans to determine the mechanism behind cognitive control of ... read more

Brain Chemical Aids Tic Control in Tourette Syndrome, Say Researchers

Oct. 1, 2015 — A chemical in the brain could potentially be harnessed to help young people with Tourette Syndrome to overcome the physical and vocal tics associated with the neurological disorder, say ... read more

Glutamate: Essential Food for the Brain

Oct. 1, 2015 — Glutamate is an amino acid with very different functions: in the pancreas, it modulates the activity of the pancreatic ß--cells responsible for insulin production, whereas in the brain it is the ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that reactivation of ancient viral genes embedded in the human genome may cause the destruction of neurons in some forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The results ... read more

Sep. 30, 2015 — Researchers have found the presence of neurons in the human brain which can each selectively respond to an intermediate color; not just neurons of red, green, yellow and ... read more

Brain Activity Map Reveals How Infant Vision Develops

Sep. 29, 2015 — Visual functions start to develop soon after birth and continue maturing over time as infants gain experience with the world. However, direct evidence of how this maturation process unfolds in the ... read more

Sep. 29, 2015 — Researchers are testing a prosthesis that translates short-term memories into longer-term ones, with the potential to bypass damaged portions of the ... read more

Sep. 29, 2015 — Researchers have developed tools that could allow neuroscientists to put aside the fiber optic cable, and use a glowing protein from coral as the light source instead. A variant on the optogenetics ... read more

Sep. 28, 2015 — High-efficiency transporters that work like a shuttle system to constantly move ions into and out of neurons appear to slam into reverse following a stroke or other injury and start delivering ... read more

Sep. 24, 2015 — A research team has uncovered molecular changes that explain, at least in part, why motor neurons rather than others are affected by the illness. Unlike ALS and other neurodegenerative diseases, ... read more

From Brain, to Fat, to Weight Loss

Sep. 24, 2015 — A breakthrough study shows that fat tissue is innervated and that direct stimulation of neurons in fat is sufficient to induce fat breakdown. These results set up the stage for developing novel ... read more

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