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Investigators link poultry contamination on farm and at processing plant

Date:
May 31, 2013
Source:
American Society for Microbiology
Summary:
Researchers have identified a strong link between the prevalence and load of certain food-borne pathogens on poultry farms, and later downstream at the processing plant.

Researchers at the University of Georgia, Athens, have identified a strong link between the prevalence and load of certain food-borne pathogens on poultry farms, and later downstream at the processing plant. They report their findings in a manuscript published ahead of print in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

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"This study suggests that reducing foodborne pathogen loads on broiler chicken farms would help to reduce pathogen loads at processing, and may ultimately help to reduce the risk of foodborne illness," says Roy Berghaus, an author on the study. "This is important because most of our efforts towards reducing foodborne pathogens are currently focused on what happens during processing. Processing interventions are effective but they can only do so much."

Salmonella and Campylobacter bacteria cause an estimated 1.9 million food-borne illnesses in the US annually, and poultry is a major source of both. Earlier studies have linked pathogen prevalence on the farm and at processing, but none has measured the strength of the associations between pathogen loads, according to the report. In the current study, Salmonella and Campylobacter detected at the processing plant were found in farm samples 96 and 71 percent of the time, respectively.

The prevalence of both pathogens dropped during processing, Salmonella from 45.9 percent to 2.4 percent, and Campylobacterfrom 68.7 to 43.6 percent, according to the report.

The two pathogens are major contributors to human misery in the US. Among 104 different pathogen-food combinations, Campylobacter and Salmonella infections from poultry were recently ranked first and fourth, respectively in terms of "combined impact on the total cost of illness and loss of quality-adjusted life years," according to the report.

The team suggests that fewer pathogens on the farm would reduce contamination levels at the processing plant, and notes that "vaccination of breeder hens, competitive exclusion products and the use of acidified water during feed withdrawal" have all reduced Salmonella in commercial broiler flocks. However "reliable approaches to reduce Campylobactercolonization are currently unavailable," although post-processing freezing has reduced Campylobacterloads on carcasses.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Society for Microbiology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. R. D. Berghaus, S. G. Thayer, B. F. Law, R. M. Mild, C. L. Hofacre, R. S. Singer. Enumeration of Salmonella and Campylobacter in Environmental Farm Samples and Processing Plant Carcass Rinses from Commercial Broiler Chicken Flocks. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2013; DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00836-13

Cite This Page:

American Society for Microbiology. "Investigators link poultry contamination on farm and at processing plant." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 May 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130531151347.htm>.
American Society for Microbiology. (2013, May 31). Investigators link poultry contamination on farm and at processing plant. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130531151347.htm
American Society for Microbiology. "Investigators link poultry contamination on farm and at processing plant." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130531151347.htm (accessed December 17, 2014).

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