Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Women suffer most from urinary tract infections, men more likely to be hospitalized

Date:
October 8, 2013
Source:
Henry Ford Health System
Summary:
While women are far more likely to suffer urinary tract infections, men are more prone to be hospitalized for treatment. The first-of-its-kind research for the most common bacterial infection in the US is important in providing predictors of hospital admission at a time when the health care industry is searching for ways to reduce costs.

While women are far more likely to suffer urinary tract infections, men are more prone to be hospitalized for treatment, according to a study by Henry Ford Hospital urologists.

Related Articles


The first-of-its-kind research for the most common bacterial infection in the U.S. is important in providing predictors of hospital admission at a time when the health care industry is searching for ways to reduce costs.

"We found that those patients who were hospitalized for treatment of urinary tract infections were most often older men, as well as those with serious kidney infections," says Jesse D. Sammon, D.O., a researcher at Henry Ford's Vattikuti Urology Institute and lead author of the study.

"They were also more likely to be seen at urban teaching hospitals, and/or treated in zip codes with higher median incomes."

The study is published in the September issue of World Journal of Urology.

Citing previous studies, the Henry Ford researchers noted that costs rise tenfold when UTI patients require hospitalization. Being able to predict who among the annual patient load for UTI are most likely to be admitted to the hospital may help contain the rising costs of their care.

The study focused on 10.8 million patients with a primary diagnosis of UTI – specifically cystitis (bladder infection) and/or pyelonephritis (kidney infection) – who were seen in American hospital emergency departments from 2006 to 2009. This data was drawn from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, the largest all-payer emergency department database in the U.S.

Of those 10.8 million patients, 1.8 million – or 16.7 percent – were admitted to the hospital for further treatment.

Citing data for 1997 – 10 years before the current study period – the researchers noted that urinary tracts infections accounted for fewer than one million emergency department visits resulting in 100,000 hospitalizations.

"Over the current study period, 2006 to 2009, there was an average of 2.7 million emergency department visits each year for UTI, leading to 450,136 admissions," Dr. Sammon says. "This rapid rise has exceeded all previous estimates."

In 2007 alone, the research showed, there were more than 8.6 million outpatient visits for UTI, 23 percent of which were in emergency departments, with 84 percent of them made by women.

"This translated into a direct cost of $1.6 billion per year to the U.S. health care system," says Dr. Sammons. "UTIs are especially common in women. By age 32, half of women report having had at least one."

"For men and women, the incidence of going to the emergency department with a UTI was highest among the elderly, yet women saw a 'peak' in such cases between age 15 and 25, corresponding to the onset of sexual activity."

But it was men who were most likely to be admitted for inpatient care, especially elderly men and those with acute kidney infections that required treatment with intravenous antibiotics.

While attributing a rise in the U.S. hospitalization rate for UTI in part to the country's aging population, the researchers said increasing levels of diabetes and other illnesses among the patients, and rising resistance to antibiotics, also were factors.

"Managing these high-risk patients more aggressively in the outpatient setting may prevent unnecessary hospitalizations and reduce associated health care costs," Dr. Sammons says.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Henry Ford Health System. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jesse D. Sammon, Pranav Sharma, Haider Rahbar, Florian Roghmann, Khurshid R. Ghani, Shyam Sukumar, Pierre I. Karakiewicz, James O. Peabody, Jack S. Elder, Mani Menon, Maxine Sun, Quoc-Dien Trinh. Predictors of admission in patients presenting to the emergency department with urinary tract infection. World Journal of Urology, 2013; DOI: 10.1007/s00345-013-1167-3

Cite This Page:

Henry Ford Health System. "Women suffer most from urinary tract infections, men more likely to be hospitalized." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 October 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131008142203.htm>.
Henry Ford Health System. (2013, October 8). Women suffer most from urinary tract infections, men more likely to be hospitalized. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131008142203.htm
Henry Ford Health System. "Women suffer most from urinary tract infections, men more likely to be hospitalized." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131008142203.htm (accessed December 17, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

UN: Up to One Million Facing Hunger in Ebola-Hit Countries

UN: Up to One Million Facing Hunger in Ebola-Hit Countries

AFP (Dec. 17, 2014) Border closures, quarantines and crop losses in West African nations battling the Ebola virus could lead to as many as one million people going hungry, UN food agencies said on Wednesday. Duration: 00:52 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
When You Lose Weight, This Is Where The Fat Goes

When You Lose Weight, This Is Where The Fat Goes

Newsy (Dec. 17, 2014) Can fat disappear into thin air? New research finds that during weight loss, over 80 percent of a person's fat molecules escape through the lungs. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Why Your Boss Should Let You Sleep In

Why Your Boss Should Let You Sleep In

Newsy (Dec. 17, 2014) According to research out of the University of Pennsylvania, waking up for work is the biggest factor that causes Americans to lose sleep. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Flu Outbreak Closing Schools in Ohio

Flu Outbreak Closing Schools in Ohio

AP (Dec. 17, 2014) A wave of flu illnesses has forced some Ohio schools to shut down over the past week. State officials confirmed one pediatric flu-related death, a 15-year-old girl in southern Ohio. (Dec. 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins