Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Among critically ill patients, muscle wasting occurs rapidly

Date:
October 9, 2013
Source:
American Medical Association (AMA)
Summary:
Scientists conducted a study to characterize and evaluate the time course and pathophysiology of acute muscle loss in critical illness.

Zudin A. Puthucheary, M.R.C.P., of University College London, England, and colleagues conducted a study to characterize and evaluate the time course and pathophysiology of acute muscle loss in critical illness.

Related Articles


"Survivors of critical illness experience significant skeletal muscle weakness and physical disability, which can persist for at least 5 years. Muscle wasting contributes substantially to weakness acquired in the intensive care unit, but its time course and underlying pathophysiological mechanisms remain poorly characterized and not well understood," according to background information in the article appearing in JAMA.

The study included 63 critically ill patients who were prospectively recruited within 24 hours of intensive care unit (ICU) admission from August 2009 to April 2011 at a university teaching and a community hospital in England. Muscle loss was determined through serial ultrasound measurement of the rectus femoris (a muscle in the quadriceps) cross-sectional area (CSA) on days 1,3,7, and 10.

The researchers found reductions in the rectus femoris CSA observed at day 10 (-17.7 percent). Decrease in the rectus femoris CSA was greater in patients who experienced multiorgan failure compared with single organ failure: -15.7 vs. -3.0 percent by day 7; -8.7 percent vs. -1.8 percent by day 3.

In addition, muscle protein synthesis was depressed to levels equivalent to the healthy fasted state on day 1. It increased to rates similar to the healthy fed state by day 7; but the net balance remained negative (i.e., destructive metabolism). "Importantly, these overall effects occurred despite the administration of enteral nutrition. Unexpectedly, higher protein delivery in the first week was associated with greater muscle wasting," the authors write.

"Early interventions to enhance anabolism [a constructive phase of muscle building metabolism] may be required in addition to those aimed at reducing catabolism if muscle wasting is to be limited or prevented."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Medical Association (AMA). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Zudin A. Puthucheary. Acute Skeletal Muscle Wasting in Critical Illness. JAMA, 2013; DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.278481

Cite This Page:

American Medical Association (AMA). "Among critically ill patients, muscle wasting occurs rapidly." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 October 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131009095714.htm>.
American Medical Association (AMA). (2013, October 9). Among critically ill patients, muscle wasting occurs rapidly. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131009095714.htm
American Medical Association (AMA). "Among critically ill patients, muscle wasting occurs rapidly." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131009095714.htm (accessed February 28, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Could a $34 Smartphone Device Improve HIV Diagnosis in Africa?

Could a $34 Smartphone Device Improve HIV Diagnosis in Africa?

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Feb. 27, 2015) A dongle that plugs into a Smartphone mimics a lab-based blood test for HIV and syphilis and can detect the diseases in 15 minutes, say researchers. Tara Cleary reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor Says Head Transplants Possible Within Two Years

Doctor Says Head Transplants Possible Within Two Years

Buzz60 (Feb. 27, 2015) An Italian doctor is saying he could stick someone&apos;s head onto someone else&apos;s body. Patrick Jones (@Patrick_E_Jones) reports. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Your Dentist Could Help Screen You For Diabetes

How Your Dentist Could Help Screen You For Diabetes

Newsy (Feb. 27, 2015) A new study from researchers at New York University suggests dentists could soon use blood samples taken from patients&apos; mouths to test for diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Best Tips to Makeover Your Health

The Best Tips to Makeover Your Health

Buzz60 (Feb. 27, 2015) If you&apos;re looking to boost your health this season, there are a few quick and easy steps to prompt you for success. Krystin Goodwin (@Krystingoodwin) has the best tips to give your health a makeover this spring! Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins