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Highly stable quantum light source for applications in quantum information developed

Date:
November 4, 2013
Source:
Universität Basel
Summary:
Physicists have been successful in generating photons - the quantum particles of light – with only one color. This is useful for quantum information. The scientists have actively stabilized the wavelength of the photons emitted by a semiconductor thereby neutralizing the charge noise in the semiconductor.

Physicists at the University of Basel have been successful in generating photons -- the quantum particles of light -- with only one color. This is useful for quantum information. The scientists have actively stabilized the wavelength of the photons emitted by a semiconductor thereby neutralizing the charge noise in the semiconductor.

The results were developed in close collaboration with the Universities of Bochum, Paderborn and Lyon and have been published in the journal Physical Review X.

Light consists of quantum particles, so-called photons. With a single photon it is possible to transfer quantum information. The information can be encoded in the polarization or in the phase of the photons' wave packets and can be used in quantum communication and computation. In such applications, a single-photon source, a device that emits photons one by one, is a prerequisite. One of the most promising platforms for single-photon sources is based on semiconductor quantum dots. One major unsolved problem is, however, that the "color" (or wavelength) of the photons emitted by a quantum dot is not locked to a precise value; rather, it wanders around randomly.

The fluctuations in the wavelength of the photons originate from imperfections in the vicinity of the quantum dot. These imperfections can trap electric charge in the semiconductor resulting in noise. To remove this "charge noise," Prof. Warburton of the Department of Physics at the University of Basel and his team have developed a quantum-classical hybrid system that connects a single quantum dot to a constant-wavelength laser. This stabilizing mechanism monitors continuously the fluctuations via the highly sensitive optical absorption of the quantum dot. By applying the exact opposite effect, the electrical field experienced by the quantum dot can be actively regulated.

Stream of single-color photons

With this system, the scientists succeeded in generating a nearly perfect stream of single-color photons. A notable point is that a quantum system could be made technically useful by using a classical feedback scheme, a general feature which has not been demonstrated up until now.

This new scheme -- through its highly effective removal of the charge noise -- potentially enables a stable single-photon source and may lead, for example, to improvement in semiconductor-based spin quibts. The study was supported by the National Center of Competence in Research "QSIT -- Quantum Science and Technology," for which the University of Basel acts as Co-Leading-House.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Universität Basel. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jonathan H. Prechtel, Andreas V. Kuhlmann, Julien Houel, Lukas Greuter, Arne Ludwig, Dirk Reuter, Andreas D. Wieck, Richard J. Warburton. Frequency-Stabilized Source of Single Photons from a Solid-State Qubit. Physical Review X, 2013; 3 (4) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.3.041006

Cite This Page:

Universität Basel. "Highly stable quantum light source for applications in quantum information developed." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 November 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131104092553.htm>.
Universität Basel. (2013, November 4). Highly stable quantum light source for applications in quantum information developed. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131104092553.htm
Universität Basel. "Highly stable quantum light source for applications in quantum information developed." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131104092553.htm (accessed April 17, 2014).

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