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New study examines patterns of cancer screening in Appalachian women

Date:
January 22, 2014
Source:
University of Kentucky
Summary:
A new study shows that women who never or rarely screen for breast cancer are also unlikely to receive screening for cervical cancer. The study also identified four key barriers independently associated with the lack of these cancer screenings in Appalachian women.

A new study by University of Kentucky researchers shows that women who never or rarely screen for breast cancer are also unlikely to receive screening for cervical cancer. The study also identified four key barriers independently associated with the lack of these cancer screenings in Appalachian women.

Published in Women & Health, the study focused on six rural counties in Appalachian Kentucky. Researchers conducted in-person interviews with 222 women to assess their adherence (or lack thereof) to cancer screening guidelines. While 33 percent of the women had recently been screened for both breast and ovarian cancers, 48 percent were rarely or had never been screened for both.

Through the interviews, the researchers determined four variables that were independently associated with significantly increased odds of never or rarely receiving screenings for breast and cervical cancer: a belief that a Pap test is embarrassing, a belief that the lack of health insurance makes it difficult to obtain a Pap test, a belief that breast cancer screening is unnecessary without symptoms, and reporting no physician recommendation of a mammogram in the prior 12 months.

These patterns of non-screening in Appalachian Kentucky are troubling. The overall cancer mortality rate in Appalachian Kentucky is 17 percent higher than the national rate. Of particular concern are the elevated incidence and mortality rates of invasive cervical cancer in this area, which are 67 percent and 33 percent higher than the national rate.

Additionally, the belief that a breast cancer screening is unnecessary without symptoms is problematic, because often by the time a woman experiences symptoms or has a lump, the cancer is in a more advanced stage. A mammogram performed every 1-2 years for women aged 40 years or older could reduce mortality rates by approximately 20-25 percent over a 10-year period.

"Our study findings reinforce the challenges to screening faced by many vulnerable and underserved women," said Nancy Schoenberg, lead author on the paper and professor of Behavioral Science at the UK College of Medicine. "Whether they experience inadequate knowledge, as shown in this research, or inadequate resources, as shown in other studies, many women find it difficult to obtain optimal preventive health care. Facilitating optimal prevention will reduce the huge toll cancer takes on women, their families and their communities."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Kentucky. The original article was written by Allison Perry. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Nancy E. Schoenberg, Christina R. Studts, Jenna Hatcher-Keller, Eliza Buelt, Elwanda Adams. Patterns and Determinants of Breast and Cervical Cancer Non-Screening Among Appalachian Women. Women & Health, 2013; 53 (6): 552 DOI: 10.1080/03630242.2013.809400

Cite This Page:

University of Kentucky. "New study examines patterns of cancer screening in Appalachian women." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 January 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140122133430.htm>.
University of Kentucky. (2014, January 22). New study examines patterns of cancer screening in Appalachian women. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140122133430.htm
University of Kentucky. "New study examines patterns of cancer screening in Appalachian women." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140122133430.htm (accessed July 23, 2014).

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