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Poor breakfast in youth linked to metabolic syndrome in adulthood

Date:
January 29, 2014
Source:
Umeå University
Summary:
It is often said that breakfast is important for our health, and a new study supports this claim. The study revealed that adolescents who ate poor breakfasts displayed a higher incidence of metabolic syndrome 27 years later, compared with those who ate more substantial breakfasts.

It is often said that breakfast is important for our health, and a study conducted by Umeå University in Sweden, published in Public Health Nutrition supports this claim.

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The study revealed that adolescents who ate poor breakfasts displayed a higher incidence of metabolic syndrome 27 years later, compared with those who ate more substantial breakfasts.

Metabolic syndrome is a collective term for factors that are linked to an increased risk of suffering from cardiovascular disorders. Metabolic syndrome encompasses abdominal obesity, high levels of harmful triglycerides, low levels of protective HDL (High Density Lipoprotein), high blood pressure and high fasting blood glucose levels.

The study asked all students completing year 9 of their schooling in Luleå in 1981 (Northern Swedish Cohort) to answer questions about what they ate for breakfast. 27 years later, the respondents underwent a health check where the presence of metabolic syndrome and its various subcomponents was investigated.

The study shows that the young people who neglected to eat breakfast or ate a poor breakfast had a 68 per cent higher incidence of metabolic syndrome as adults, compared with those who had eaten more substantial breakfasts in their youth. This conclusion was drawn after taking into account socioeconomic factors and other lifestyle habits of the adolescents in question. Abdominal obesity and high levels of fasting blood glucose levels were the subcomponents which, at adult age, could be most clearly linked with poor breakfast in youth.

"Further studies are required for us to be able to understand the mechanisms involved in the connection between poor breakfast and metabolic syndrome, but our results and those of several previous studies suggest that a poor breakfast can have a negative effect on blood sugar regulation," says Maria Wennberg, the study's main author.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Umeå University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Maria Wennberg, Per E Gustafsson, Patrik Wennberg, Anne Hammarström. Poor breakfast habits in adolescence predict the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Public Health Nutrition, 2014; 1 DOI: 10.1017/S1368980013003509

Cite This Page:

Umeå University. "Poor breakfast in youth linked to metabolic syndrome in adulthood." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 January 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140129075806.htm>.
Umeå University. (2014, January 29). Poor breakfast in youth linked to metabolic syndrome in adulthood. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140129075806.htm
Umeå University. "Poor breakfast in youth linked to metabolic syndrome in adulthood." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140129075806.htm (accessed October 30, 2014).

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