Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

The skinny on teen obesity surgery

Date:
February 5, 2014
Source:
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing
Summary:
Some 17 percent of children and adolescents -- or 12.5 million -- are obese, increasing the likelihood that they will become adults with even more serious weight problems. Unlike adults, though, kids might not be physically or emotionally ready for weight-loss surgery as a potential solution.

Like adults, severely overweight children and teens are at heightened risk for a host of physical and emotional problems, including cardiovascular disease (e.g., high cholesterol and blood pressure) and diabetes, as well as poor self-esteem and depression. Also like adults, growing numbers of young people and their parents are turning to weight-loss surgery as a potential solution.

Unlike adults, though, the kids might not be physically or emotionally ready for such measures, worries Assistant Professor Shawna Mudd, DNP, CNP-AC, PNP-BC, who adds a concern that guidelines regarding adolescent weight-loss surgery are not consistent or necessarily followed regularly or with precision.

Some 17 percent of children and adolescents (ages 2 to 19) -- or 12.5 million -- are obese, increasing the likelihood that they will become adults with even more serious weight problems. "Current guidelines for weight loss surgery in adolescents: A review of the literature," which Mudd conducted with a colleague, highlights the significant variance in current guidelines, particularly when it comes to age, body mass index, and co-occurring health problems. Factors like surgical setting and follow-up care also remain the subject of ongoing debate in the research and within professional organizations.

Critically, Mudd's inquiry did find one area in which experts concur. Weight-loss surgery, whether gastric bypass or gastric banding, is a serious undertaking that should be considered only when an adolescent has achieved close to full physical and emotional maturity. Younger teens and children could be at risk for significant malabsorption that could affect growth and development. They also may lack the emotional maturity needed for success. That's because weight-reduction surgery is just a one part of a larger process. Preparation for surgery and what comes afterward -- like learning a new way of eating and living -- can be overwhelming for a younger patient who may not be willing and able to make the lifelong commitment necessary to ensure the surgery's success.

Mudd suggests that more research be conducted to assess the degree to which adolescents can make informed decisions and comply with post-surgery lifestyle changes. In the meantime, she says, "It's important that nurse practitioners and other primary care providers be aware of the pluses and minuses of current obesity surgery guidelines for children and youth when assisting families with appropriate decision making and counseling."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Michelle N. Brei, Shawna Mudd. Current Guidelines for Weight Loss Surgery in Adolescents: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 2013; DOI: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2013.04.005

Cite This Page:

Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. "The skinny on teen obesity surgery." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 February 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140205091528.htm>.
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. (2014, February 5). The skinny on teen obesity surgery. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140205091528.htm
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing. "The skinny on teen obesity surgery." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140205091528.htm (accessed July 24, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) The FDA approved Targiniq ER on Wednesday, a painkiller designed to keep users from abusing it. Like any new medication, however, it has doubters. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Newsy (July 24, 2014) Sheik Umar Khan has treated many of the people infected in the Ebola outbreak, and now he's become one of them. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Condemned Man's US Execution Takes Nearly Two Hours

Condemned Man's US Execution Takes Nearly Two Hours

AFP (July 24, 2014) America's death penalty debate raged Thursday after it took nearly two hours for Arizona to execute a prisoner who lost a Supreme Court battle challenging the experimental lethal drug cocktail. Duration: 00:55 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

AFP (July 24, 2014) China's elderly population is expanding so quickly that children struggle to look after them, pushing them to do something unexpected in Chinese society- move their parents into a nursing home. Duration: 02:07 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins