Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Exposure to snuff smoke in non-smokers fell by 90 percent after tobacco control laws in Spain

Date:
March 18, 2014
Source:
IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute
Summary:
A biomarker of exposure to snuff smoke in non-smokers has been reviewed in a new study, and also their perception before and after the entry into force of two Spanish laws. Law 28/2005 which entered into force in January 2006 partially prohibited the consumption of snuff in public. Five years later, in January 2011, the second law of snuff (Law 42/2010) which extended the ban on smoking in all enclosed spaces such as bars and restaurants and some outdoor spaces such as hospital grounds came into force.

Researchers of the Tobaco Control Unit of the Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO) and the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) evaluated exposure to snuff smoke in nonsmokers before the entry into force of the first Spanish smoking ban and after the launch of the second law (2011) in the city of Barcelona.

Related Articles


Salivary cotinine

Cotinine is a nicotine derived substance that is used as a marker of exposure to snuff smoke in nonsmokers. Researchers at the ICO- IDIBELL measured the concentration of this substance in the saliva of those surveyed and found to have decreased by nearly 90 % between 2004 and 2012.

Law 28/2005 which entered into force in January 2006 partially prohibited the consumption of snuff in public. Five years later, in January 2011 , the second law of snuff (Law 42/2010 ) which extended the ban on smoking in all enclosed spaces such as bars and restaurants and some outdoor spaces such as hospital grounds came into force.

Less smoke at home

The researchers found no major differences by gender, age or education in cotinine concentrations in saliva. But significant differences in the perception that non-smokers have of their exposure to snuff in certain spaces before and after the entry into force of the laws are detected.

The perception of being exposed to smoke snuff in his spare time has decreased by 36.5 % among non-smokers. " This percentage was expected, considering that smoking in bars, restaurants and similar closed spaces was prohibited by the second law" explained Xisca Sureda, ICO- IDIBELL researcher and first author of the study .

Esteve Fernández, head of the study and head of the Tobaco Control Unit of the ICO-IDIBELL adds that "the most striking is that this perception at home has also decreased by 15 %." Fernandez explained that "this indicates that smokers who can not smoke in public places have also restricted snuff in the private space, they have become aware and have decided not to smoke indoors, as was suspected in some studies in other countries."

Overall, the perception of exposure to snuff among nonsmokers have fallen 25%.

Exposure to snuff smoke in non-smokers is associated with various adverse health effects . It is estimated that in 2004 , was responsible for 379,000 deaths from ischemic heart disease, 21,400 deaths from lung cancer, 165,000 deaths from respiratory infections and asthma in 36,900 worldwide. In Spain 1,228 deaths from lung cancer and ischemic heart disease 3,237 are attributed annually to exposure to snuff smoke of nonsmokers.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Xisca Sureda, Jose M. Martínez-Sánchez, Marcela Fu, Raúl Pérez-Ortuño, Cristina Martínez, Esther Carabasa, María J. López, Esteve Saltó, José A. Pascual, Esteve Fernández. Impact of the Spanish Smoke-Free Legislation on Adult, Non-Smoker Exposure to Secondhand Smoke: Cross-Sectional Surveys before (2004) and after (2012) Legislation. PLoS ONE, 2014; 9 (2): e89430 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089430

Cite This Page:

IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute. "Exposure to snuff smoke in non-smokers fell by 90 percent after tobacco control laws in Spain." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 March 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140318111858.htm>.
IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute. (2014, March 18). Exposure to snuff smoke in non-smokers fell by 90 percent after tobacco control laws in Spain. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 26, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140318111858.htm
IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute. "Exposure to snuff smoke in non-smokers fell by 90 percent after tobacco control laws in Spain." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140318111858.htm (accessed November 26, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Nov. 26, 2014) — Researchers in the United States are preparing to discover whether a drug commonly used in human organ transplants can extend the lifespan and health quality of pet dogs. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Newsy (Nov. 26, 2014) — Advances in prosthetics are making replacement body parts stronger and more lifelike than they’ve ever been. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
From Popcorn To Vending Snacks: FDA Ups Calorie Count Rules

From Popcorn To Vending Snacks: FDA Ups Calorie Count Rules

Newsy (Nov. 25, 2014) — The US FDA is announcing new calorie rules on Tuesday that will require everywhere from theaters to vending machines to include calorie counts. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Daily Serving Of Yogurt Could Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Daily Serving Of Yogurt Could Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Newsy (Nov. 25, 2014) — Need another reason to eat yogurt every day? Researchers now say it could reduce a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins