Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

U.S. housing policies increase carbon output

Date:
June 16, 2014
Source:
Georgia State University
Summary:
Land use policies and preferential tax treatment for housing – in the form of federal income tax deductions for mortgage interest and property taxes – have increased carbon emissions in the United States by about 2.7 percent, almost 6 percent annually in new home construction, according to a new study.

Land use policies and preferential tax treatment for housing -- in the form of federal income tax deductions for mortgage interest and property taxes -- have increased carbon emissions in the United States by about 2.7 percent, almost 6 percent annually in new home construction, according to a new Georgia State University study.

Economist Kyle Mangum, an assistant professor in the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, measures the effect of various housing policies on energy use and carbon output in "The Global Effects of Housing Policy," which he recently presented at the IEB III Workshop on Urban Economics in Barcelona.

Mangum's empirical study uses data on local construction activity, housing consumption and density, labor and materials cost, and local populations and incomes for the nation's 50 largest metro areas, ranking them by annual carbon output per person.

Policies that affect the amount of housing consumed per capita and housing density are the two major drivers of carbon savings, he finds.

"Larger homes consume more energy," Mangum said. "Lower density home sites increase gasoline use. Also, many 'easy-building' Sun Belt regions that have attracted more new home building are higher energy-use locations."

His research suggests removing federal tax subsidies for housing and updating land use regulations to encourage higher density in higher energy-use locations would lower the country's overall energy use, reducing its carbon emissions.

"I find that the federal tax treatment of housing has added a nontrivial amount of carbon output by increasing housing consumption," he said. "Also, imposing stricter land use regulations in high carbon output cities would decrease the nation's overall amount of carbon output by approximately 2.2 percent -- about 4.5 percent in new construction -- primarily by decreasing the amount of house used per person and then by encouraging movement to more efficient low-carbon cities."

Mangum also finds:

• High carbon cities contribute about twice as much per person as the low carbon cities;

• Many quickly growing cities are above the national average in energy consumption;

• Cities with more housing area per person use more electricity per person.

Download a copy of Mangum's working paper at www.ieb.ub.edu/files/PapersWSUE2014/Mangum.pdf.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Georgia State University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Georgia State University. "U.S. housing policies increase carbon output." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 June 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140616130345.htm>.
Georgia State University. (2014, June 16). U.S. housing policies increase carbon output. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140616130345.htm
Georgia State University. "U.S. housing policies increase carbon output." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140616130345.htm (accessed September 1, 2014).

Share This




More Science & Society News

Monday, September 1, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Get on Your Bike! London Cycling Popularity Soars Despite Danger

Get on Your Bike! London Cycling Popularity Soars Despite Danger

AFP (Sep. 1, 2014) Wedged between buses, lorries and cars, cycling in London isn't for the faint hearted. Nevertheless the number of people choosing to bike in the British capital has doubled over the past 15 years. Duration: 02:27 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Thailand Totters Towards Waste Crisis

Thailand Totters Towards Waste Crisis

AFP (Sep. 1, 2014) Fears are mounting in Bangkok that poor planning and lax law enforcement are tipping Thailand towards a waste crisis. Duration: 01:21 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
California Passes 'yes-Means-Yes' Campus Sexual Assault Bill

California Passes 'yes-Means-Yes' Campus Sexual Assault Bill

Reuters - US Online Video (Aug. 30, 2014) California lawmakers pass a bill requiring universities to adopt "affirmative consent" language in their definitions of consensual sex, part of a nationwide drive to curb sexual assault on campuses. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
As Drought Continues LA "water Police" Fight Waste

As Drought Continues LA "water Police" Fight Waste

AFP (Aug. 29, 2014) In the midst of a historic drought, Los Angeles is increasing efforts to go after people who waste water. Five water conservation "cops" drive around the city every day educating homeowners about the drought. Duration: 02:17 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins