Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Child maltreatment influences alcohol consumption in adolescents

Date:
June 27, 2014
Source:
Asociación RUVID
Summary:
Child maltreatment, whatever its form, produces functional brain changes that increase vulnerability to alcohol consumption when reaching adolescence, research shows. The results determined that the brains of some young abused people perceived the intake of substances positively and were not able to perceive the risks associated with this addictive behavior.

Jorge Manzanares has verified through a study on animals that "the higher the stress in childhood, the greater the affection towards alcohol during adolescence." The researcher attributes this willingness of adolescents to consume alcohol to factors such as stress and alteration in brain neuroplasticity.
Credit: Image courtesy of Asociación RUVID

A study coordinated by Jorge Manzanares, Professor of Pharmacology at the University Miguel Hernández (UMH) in Elche (Spain), shows that child maltreatment, whatever its form, produces functional brain changes that increase vulnerability to alcohol consumption when reaching adolescence. The results determined that the brains of some young abused people perceived the intake of substances positively and were not able to perceive the risks associated with this addictive behaviour.

Related Articles


Jorge Manzanares has verified through a study on animals that "the higher the stress in childhood, the greater the affection towards alcohol during adolescence." The researcher attributes this willingness of adolescents to consume alcohol to factors such as stress and alteration in brain neuroplasticity.

Professor Manzanares explained that "because of this stress, the level to experience pleasure is very low and individuals under stress need external stimuli. Pleasure nerve pathways are usually stimulated by natural factors such as music, chocolate or sex but these may not be sufficient for individuals with altered genes and therefore they resort to additional stimuli such as substance use."

This work has been developed by the UMH and the Complutense University of Madrid and funded by the National Drug Plan with 140,000 euros. Professor Jorge Manzanares from the UMH has coordinated the study and also developed the animal research. The other part of the study was developed by psychiatrist Gabriel Rubio at the Complutense University of Madrid, responsible for the clinical study with young consumers.

According to this study, from the 660 young people interviewed between 16 and 18 years old, 330 consume alcohol, and of these, 60% were abused in some way during their childhood. The psychiatrist noted that consumption should be an alert so that the doctor can detect these abuses and administer preventive treatment.

Professor Jorge Manzanares explained that "an early disorder of the stress circuit caused by maltreatment affects how people receive situations." Also, Manzanares said that "the consumption of a substance in a problematic manner is due to an altered effect between a person's genetics and their environment. Thus, we know that people who come from an alcoholic parent and who are also mistreated have a higher vulnerability to developing substance use disorders."

Moreover, the psychiatrist Gabriel Rubio noted that "the abuse suffered during childhood predisposes adolescents to substance use because of the activation of mechanisms and brain circuits that motivates them to try more and to underestimate risk." Rubio explained that "the sequence of this process begins with the abuse which is to blame for activating the stress mechanisms and at the same time responsible for causing a change in brain circuits that predisposes adolescents to adopt consumer behaviour and ultimately be hooked."

The results of this research suggest the need to develop prevention strategies and programmes for mistreated young people to learn to value risk situations in a different context to the rest. Researchers emphasize the development of a preventive therapy for them to acquire that awareness of risk that is distorted when they are mistreated and so avoid getting a craving for alcohol.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Asociación RUVID. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Asociación RUVID. "Child maltreatment influences alcohol consumption in adolescents." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 June 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140627094543.htm>.
Asociación RUVID. (2014, June 27). Child maltreatment influences alcohol consumption in adolescents. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140627094543.htm
Asociación RUVID. "Child maltreatment influences alcohol consumption in adolescents." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140627094543.htm (accessed December 17, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Mind & Brain News

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Yoga Could Be As Beneficial For The Heart As Walking, Biking

Yoga Could Be As Beneficial For The Heart As Walking, Biking

Newsy (Dec. 17, 2014) — Yoga can help your weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and heart just as much as biking and walking does, a new study suggests. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
1st Responders Trained for Autism Sensitivity

1st Responders Trained for Autism Sensitivity

AP (Dec. 16, 2014) — More departments are ordering their first responders to sit in on training sessions that focus on how to more effectively interact with those with autism spectrum disorder (Dec. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Guys Are Idiots, According To Sarcastic Study

Guys Are Idiots, According To Sarcastic Study

Newsy (Dec. 12, 2014) — A study out of Britain suggest men are more idiotic than women based on the rate of accidental deaths and other factors. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Believing in Father Christmas Good for Children's Imaginations

Believing in Father Christmas Good for Children's Imaginations

AFP (Dec. 12, 2014) — As the countdown to Christmas gets underway, so too does the Father Christmas conspiracy. But psychologists say that telling our children about Santa, flying reindeer and elves is good for their imaginations. Duration: 01:57 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins