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Bose-Einstein condensate

A Bose–Einstein condensate is a phase of matter formed by bosons cooled to temperatures very near to absolute zero (0 kelvin or -273.15 degrees Celsius).

Under such supercooled conditions, a large fraction of the atoms collapse into the lowest quantum state, at which point quantum effects become apparent on a macroscopic scale.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Bose-Einstein condensate", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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Matter & Energy News
November 26, 2015

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