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Fungus

A fungus (plural fungi) is a eukaryotic organism that digests its food externally and absorbs the nutrient molecules into its cells.

Fungi are very important economically: yeasts are responsible for fermentation of beer and bread, and mushroom farming is a large industry in many countries.

Fungi are the primary decomposers of dead plant and animal matter in many ecosystems, and are commonly seen on old bread as mold.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Fungus", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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September 2, 2015

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