A transformer is an electrical device that transfers energy from one circuit to another by magnetic coupling with no moving parts.
A transformer comprises two or more coupled windings, or a single tapped winding and, in most cases, a magnetic core to concentrate magnetic flux.
A changing current in one winding creates a time-varying magnetic flux in the core, which induces a voltage in the other windings.
Michael Faraday built the first transformer, although he used it only to demonstrate the principle of electromagnetic induction and did not foresee the use to which it would eventually be put.
The transformer is one of the simplest of electrical devices, yet transformer designs and materials continue to be improved.
Transformers are essential for high voltage power transmission, which makes long distance transmission economically practical.
This advantage was the principal factor in the selection of alternating current power transmission in the "War of Currents" in the late 1880s.