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Uterus

The uterus or womb is the major female reproductive organ of most mammals, including humans.

The uterus is located inside the pelvis immediately dorsal (and usually somewhat rostral) to the urinary bladder and ventral to the rectum.

Outside of pregnancy, its size is several centimeters in diameter.

The main function of the uterus is to accept a fertilized ovum which becomes implanted into the endometrium, and derives nourishment from blood vessels which develop exclusively for this purpose.

The fertilized ovum becomes an embryo, develops into a fetus and gestates until childbirth.

Due to anatomical barriers such as the pelvis, the uterus is pushed partially into the abdomen due to its expansion during pregnancy.

Even in pregnancy the mass of a human uterus amounts to only about a kilogram (2.2 pounds).

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Uterus", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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July 4, 2015

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updated 12:56 pm ET