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Diversity in graduate medical education; women majority in 7 specialties in 2012

Date:
August 24, 2015
Source:
The JAMA Network Journals
Summary:
Women accounted for the majority of graduate medical education trainees in seven specialties in 2012 but in no specialties were the percentages of black or Hispanic trainees comparable with the representation of these groups in the US population.
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Women accounted for the majority of graduate medical education (GME) trainees in seven specialties in 2012 but in no specialties were the percentages of black or Hispanic trainees comparable with the representation of these groups in the U.S. population, according to a research letter published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Diversifying the physician workforce in the United States is an ongoing goal.

Curtiland Deville, M.D., of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, and coauthors used publicly reported data to assess the representation of women and historically underrepresented minority groups in medicine (URMs), which include blacks and Hispanics.

The results indicate that in 2012 there were:

  • 688,468 practicing physicians; 30.1 percent were female; 9.2 percent were URMs, including 5.2 percent who were Hispanic and 3.8 percent who were black
  • 16,835 medical school graduates; 48.3 percent were female; 15.3 percent were URMs, including 7.4 percent who were Hispanic and 6.8 percent who were black
  • 115,111 trainees in GME; 46.1 percent were female; 13.8 percent were URMs, including 7.5 percent who were Hispanic and 5.8 percent who were black

Among specialties in 2012, the percentage of female trainees was lowest for orthopedics (13.8 percent) and highest for pediatrics (73.5 percent) and obstetrics and gynecology (82.4 percent). Women also accounted for more than 50 percent of GME trainees in five other specialties: dermatology (64.4 percent), internal medicine/pediatrics (58.2 percent); family medicine (55.2 percent), pathology (54.6 percent) and psychiatry (54.5 percent), according to the results.

The percentage of black trainees was lowest for otolaryngology (2.2 percent) and highest for family medicine (7.5 percent) and obstetrics and gynecology (10.3 percent), the authors report.

The percentage of Hispanic trainees was lowest for ophthalmology (3.6 percent) and highest for psychiatry (9.3 percent), family medicine (9 percent), obstetrics and gynecology and pediatrics (each 8.7 percent), the results also show.

"Continued efforts are needed to increase the diversity of the physician workforce in the United States, particularly in the specialties with the lowest representations of women, blacks or Hispanics," the authors conclude.


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Materials provided by The JAMA Network Journals. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal References:

  1. Curtiland Deville, Wei-Ting Hwang, Ramon Burgos, Christina H. Chapman, Stefan Both, Charles R. Thomas. Diversity in Graduate Medical Education in the United States by Race, Ethnicity, and Sex, 2012. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2015; DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.4324
  2. Laura E. Riley. Ensuring a Diverse Physician Workforce. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2015; DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.4333

Cite This Page:

The JAMA Network Journals. "Diversity in graduate medical education; women majority in 7 specialties in 2012." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 August 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150824114247.htm>.
The JAMA Network Journals. (2015, August 24). Diversity in graduate medical education; women majority in 7 specialties in 2012. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150824114247.htm
The JAMA Network Journals. "Diversity in graduate medical education; women majority in 7 specialties in 2012." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150824114247.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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