Biology News
August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers have used 'environmental DNA' to determine the biodiversity of a river. Previously, this involved collecting and identifying all the organisms living in it. Using environmental ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A researcher has discovered several new species of trapdoor spider -- and you'd never guess where. Trapdoor spiders spend most of their life underground their true number and diversity has been ... read more

Change in the Immune System Can Lead to Success

Aug. 30, 2016 — The sequencing of the Atlantic cod genome in 2011 demonstrated that this species lacks a crucial part of its immune system. In a follow-up study, researchers have investigated a large number of ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — While looking for ways to make tomatoes and other crop plants more productive, researchers developed a way to cut the time required to modify a tomato's genes by six weeks. The improvement will ... read more

New Species of Pterosaur Discovered in Patagonia

Aug. 30, 2016 — Scientists today announced the discovery of a new species of pterosaur from the Patagonia region of South America. The cranial remains were in an excellent state of preservation and belonged to a new ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Dogs have the ability to distinguish vocabulary words and the intonation of human speech through brain regions similar to those that humans use, a new study ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have created an animated map showing where mammals, birds and amphibians are projected to move in the Western Hemisphere in response to climate ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Scientists found high concentrations of toxins linked to neurodegenerative diseases in the fins and muscles of 10 species of sharks. The research team suggests that restricting consumption of sharks ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have discovered a mechanism of intercellular communication that helps explain how biological systems and actions -- ranging from a beating heart to the ability to hit a home run -- ... read more

Blinding Disease in Canines and Humans Shares Causative Gene, Pathology

Aug. 29, 2016 — Scientists report that they've directly compared the disease course of a blinding ciliopathy between humans and dogs and found remarkable ... read more

How Aged Wine Gets Its Aroma

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have discovered an enzyme that plays a leading role in the formation of compounds that give aged wines their sought-after ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Scientists report that a specialized drug screen test using lab-grown human cells has revealed two classes of compounds already in the pharmaceutical arsenal that may work against mosquito-borne Zika ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Scientists have developed an artificial metalloenzyme that catalyses a reaction inside of cells without equivalent in nature. This could be a prime example for creating new non-natural metabolic ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — An unnatural balance of nutrients threatens biodiversity in a survival of the fittest scenario, according to new research. A global network of researchers who have tested the impact increased ... read more

Probing How CRISPR-Cas9 Works

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study reveals important new details about the inner workings of the CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells that may have implications for the development of therapeutics that use the powerful gene ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study will help researchers understand the ways that marine animal larvae use sound as a cue to settle on coral reefs. The study has determined that sounds created by adult fish and ... read more

Mechanical Force Triggers Gene Expression by Stretching Chromatin

Aug. 26, 2016 — How genes in our DNA are expressed into traits within a cell is a complicated mystery with many players, the main suspects being chemical. However, a new study has demonstrated that external ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers found that the specialist moth Heliothis subflexa benefits from secondary plant components by turning the original defensive function of these compounds into its own advantage. ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — In adults with a house dust mite allergy, a cascade of inflammatory signals on the surface of the airways leads to airway remodeling. This process cannot be influenced by standard cortisone ... read more

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