Biology News
August 30, 2016

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August 30, 2016

How Aged Wine Gets Its Aroma

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have discovered an enzyme that plays a leading role in the formation of compounds that give aged wines their sought-after ... read more

Probing How CRISPR-Cas9 Works

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study reveals important new details about the inner workings of the CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells that may have implications for the development of therapeutics that use the powerful gene ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers found that the specialist moth Heliothis subflexa benefits from secondary plant components by turning the original defensive function of these compounds into its own advantage. ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — In adults with a house dust mite allergy, a cascade of inflammatory signals on the surface of the airways leads to airway remodeling. This process cannot be influenced by standard cortisone ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — A research team has succeeded in developing 'Target-AID', a genome editing technique that does not cleave the DNA. The technique offers, through high-level editing operation, a method to ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — The gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) is a medically important tool in cancer therapies. GALV is a retrovirus pathogenic to its host species, the southeast Asian lar gibbon (Hylobates lar) and thought ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — Chemists have significantly improved upon the synthesis of a molecule related to muscle and neuronal function. A research team has been busy trying to crack the puzzle of the insecticide ryanodine, a ... read more

Solving a 48 Year Old Mystery: Scientists Grow Noroviruses in Human Intestinal Cell Cultures

Aug. 25, 2016 — For the first time, scientists have grown human noroviruses, the leading viral cause of acute diarrhea worldwide, in human intestinal cell cultures in the ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Can the woolly mammoth be brought back from the dead? Scientists say it's only a matter of time. A conservation ecologist and colleagues have examined ecologically responsible de-extinction, and ... read more

Newly Discovered 'Multicomponent' Virus Can Infect Animals

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists have identified a new 'multicomponent' virus --one containing different segments of genetic material in separate particles -- that can infect animals. This new pathogen was ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — A multidisciplinary team of researchers has improved our understanding of how cannabinoids, the active agent in marijuana, affect vision in ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Many people suffer from anxiety and fears, and a common treatment for these problems is exposure therapy. In a new study, researchers have shown how the effect of exposure therapy can be improved by ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — The process of energy generation by mitochondria is closely tied to intracellular calcium regulation by a membrane gateway inside mitochondria known as the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). How MCU ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Neuroscientists believe they have figured out how some rats solve certain navigational problems. If there's a 'reward' at the end of the trip, like the chocolatey drink used in this ... read more

How Lyme Disease Bacteria Spread Through the Body

Aug. 25, 2016 — Researchers have developed a live-cell-imaging-based system that provides insights into how Lyme disease bacteria latch onto and move along the inside surface of blood vessels to reach key ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Imagine how much dental care you'd need if you had 300 or more teeth packed together on each side of your ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — There's no need to reinvent the genetic wheel. That's one lesson of a new study that looks to the saliva of humans, gorillas, orangutans, macaques and African green monkeys for insights ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Lobsters eat jellyfish without harm from the venomous stingers due to a series of physical adaptations. Researchers examined lobster feces to discover that lobsters surround their servings of ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — If two species are mutualists -- that is, each benefits from the activity of the other -- the Red King Theory predicts that they should evolve at a slower rate, so as to avoid interrupting their ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Rats use information from their whiskers to localize an airflow source, new research has shown. This discovery could pave the way for the design of novel airflow measurement devices that imitate ... read more

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