Biology News
August 26, 2016

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August 26, 2016

Solving a 48 Year Old Mystery: Scientists Grow Noroviruses in Human Intestinal Cell Cultures

Aug. 25, 2016 — For the first time, scientists have grown human noroviruses, the leading viral cause of acute diarrhea worldwide, in human intestinal cell cultures in the ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — The process of energy generation by mitochondria is closely tied to intracellular calcium regulation by a membrane gateway inside mitochondria known as the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). How MCU ... read more

Ocean Acidification Threatens Cod Recruitment in the Atlantic

Aug. 24, 2016 — Increasing ocean acidification could double the mortality of newly hatched cod larvae. Researchers quantified mortality rates of cod at conditions which the fish may experience towards the end of the ... read more

Progress in Vaccination Against Vespid Venom

Aug. 24, 2016 — Especially in late summer, apprehension about wasp stings increases among allergy sufferers. So-called hyposensibilization therapy can help, but it is linked to a heavy burden on patients and health ... read more

New Small Molecule Compounds Could Treat Ebola Virus Infection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. The compounds could potentially be ... read more

A Brain Circuit to Push Past Nutritional Stress

Aug. 24, 2016 — Nutritional stress is a normal part of life; going hungry on a short-term basis generally does not impair important functions. The brain coordinates the response to nutritional stress but how it does ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — The Caribbean islands form a natural laboratory for the study of evolution due to their unique biological and geological features. There has been heated discussion since the early 20th century on how ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — An African desert-dwelling male bird favors his biological sons and alienates his stepsons, suggests new research. The species is the southern pied babbler, a black and white bird found in Botswana, ... read more

A New Path for Killing Pathogenic Bacteria

Aug. 24, 2016 — Bacteria that cause tuberculosis, leprosy and other diseases, survive by switching between two different types of metabolism. Scientists have now discovered that this switch is controlled by a ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Often, aquatic environments such as rivers and streams become reservoirs for BPA, affecting turtle habitats. Last year, a team of researchers determined that BPA can disrupt sexual function in ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Scientists have unlocked a major genetic mystery of one of the ancestors of cultivated strawberry. A genetic analysis, which took four years to complete, aims to improve modern cultivation efforts of ... read more

Warbler Genomes Look to Be 99.97 Percent Alike

Aug. 23, 2016 — New research shows that, genetically speaking, blue-winged and golden-winged warblers are almost identical. Scientists behind the research say the main differences between the two species are in ... read more

Essential Oils Could Counter Lung and Liver Ailments Caused by Air Pollution, Research Suggests

Aug. 23, 2016 — Certain ingredients in essential oils made from plants such as cloves, anise, fennel and ylang-ylang could serve as a natural treatment of lung and liver conditions caused by air pollution, according ... read more

Rising Temperatures Could Accelerate Radiation Induced DNA Effects in Marine Mussels

Aug. 23, 2016 — Increased sea temperatures could have a dramatic effect on radiation-induced damage in marine invertebrates, a new study ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Green tea could prevent a deadly condition in the body's main artery. A team has found that abdominal aortic aneurysm -- a condition in which the main artery becomes overstretched and bloated -- ... read more

Biological Invasions Threaten Developing Countries

Aug. 23, 2016 — Invasions from alien species such as Japanese knotweed and grey squirrels threaten the economies and livelihoods of residents of some of the world's poorest nations, new research ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — We all know that a brush with poison ivy leaves us with an itchy painful rash. Now researchers have discovered the molecular cause of this irritation. The finding brings us a step closer to designing ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — Beetles with cyclops eyes have given scientists insight into how new traits may evolve through the recruitment of existing genes -- even if these genes are already carrying out critical ... read more

Cells' Steering Wheel: New Mechanism Clarifies How Cells Migrate

Aug. 22, 2016 — Similarly to cars, cells need a steering mechanism that guides them towards a certain target or direction. Scientists have discovered the function of a key protein involved in cells' movement ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — Biological growth along the bottoms of boats is more than just an eyesore. Biofouling, as it is known, slows down ships and impedes the readiness of emergency response and military vessels. A new ... read more

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