Science & Society News
August 24, 2016

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August 24, 2016

Norwegian Prisons Rehabilitate Criminal Offenders

Aug. 24, 2016 — Criminals who are sentenced to prison are less prone to reoffend. They are also more likely to work, shows a new Norwegian ... read more

Bags Don't Fly Free: Charges Have Boosted Airlines' Departure Performances, Study Finds

Aug. 24, 2016 — Checked baggage fees have actually improved the departure performance of US airlines in addition to boosting revenue, new research has ... read more

Guaranteed-Tuition Laws Inflating College Costs, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — While guaranteed-tuition laws, such as the one in Illinois, may provide predictability for incoming in-state students for their first four years, these mandates inadvertently trigger substantial ... read more

Private Detention of Immigrants Deters Family Visits, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — Immigrants detained in a privately run detention facility while awaiting deportation decisions are far less likely than those held in county or city jails to receive visits from their children, a new ... read more

Strong External Governance Makes Top Managers More Prone to Cheat

Aug. 22, 2016 — When top-level managers find governance mechanisms too coercive, they're more likely to commit fraud, according to a new paper by strategic management ... read more

Protecting Plain Tobacco Packaging Against Industry Influence

Aug. 22, 2016 — Canada's public consultation on plain packaging for tobacco requires strict guidelines to protect against interference by the tobacco industry, and media must also be wary, according to a new ... read more

Management Actions to Combat Recessions Could Compromise the Performance Effects of Empowerment

Aug. 22, 2016 — Wage and employment freezes and other actions taken to combat recessions may compromise the positive effect that employee empowerment may have on staff morale and in turn ... read more

Watching a Lot of TV Makes You More Susceptible to Everyday Myths

Aug. 22, 2016 — People who watch a lot of television are more likely to be susceptible to everyday myths -- irrespective of their age, education or gender. This is the basic finding of a media study. In the recent ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study suggests that people who participate in regular religious acts send a clear signal to others that they're ready and willing to contribute to their communities. A researcher spent two ... read more

Why Prisons Continue to Grow, Even When Crime Declines

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study may help explain why the number of people in prison in the United States continued to rise, even as the crime rate declined significantly. A sociologist found that the US criminal justice ... read more

Does Owning a Well Foster Environmental Citizenship? A New Study Provides Evidence

Aug. 22, 2016 — Kansans who own water wells show more awareness of state water policy issues than those who rely on municipal water supplies, according to a study that could have implications for groundwater ... read more

Ramen Noodles Supplanting Cigarettes as Currency Among Prisoners

Aug. 22, 2016 — Ramen noodles are supplanting the once popular cigarettes as a form of currency among state prisoners, but not in response to bans on tobacco products within prison systems, finds a new ... read more

Beginning Pornography Use Associated With Increase in Probability of Divorce

Aug. 22, 2016 — Beginning pornography use is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of divorce for married Americans, and this increase is especially large for women, finds a new ... read more

Great Recession's Other Legacy: Inconsistent Work Hours

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study finds that an unpredictable work week is the norm for growing numbers of low-wage workers -- nearly 40 percent of whom worked variable hours for at least one four-month period after the ... read more

Greater Academic Achievement in High School Increases Likelihood of Moving Away

Aug. 22, 2016 — High school students who completed higher levels of math, performed better academically, and had a greater sense of control of their future were more likely to migrate and work in labor markets with ... read more

Researchers Investigate Environmental Movements and Neoliberalism

Aug. 22, 2016 — Recent dynamics of global environmentalism, ranging from indigenous people's rights to the reliance on non-governmental organizations, have been marked by a resurgence in environmental movements ... read more

Health-Care Consumer Advocates Chose Moderation, Won Some Successes in Medicaid Debate

Aug. 22, 2016 — Even though most consumer advocate groups were likely opposed to Medicaid reform, advocates tended to frame the problem of reform in terms of symptoms, such as accountability, transparency and ... read more

Trust Is Key Motivator for Individuals Who Protest on Behalf of People Different from Them

Aug. 21, 2016 — It appears that people who actively participate in demonstrations during social movements on behalf of those dissimilar to them do so for two important ... read more

Who Are You? Squatters Can Actually Help a Neighborhood

Aug. 21, 2016 — Squatters who illegally occupy vacant homes or buildings are not always contributing to apathy or social disorder, says a new ... read more

Is Divorce Seasonal? Study Shows Biannual Spike in Divorce Filings

Aug. 21, 2016 — To everything there is a season -- even divorce, sociologists ... read more

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