Science & Society News
August 27, 2016

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August 27, 2016

Air Contamination Near Fracking Sites Result of Operational Inefficiencies

Aug. 26, 2016 — Chemists have published a new study that indicates that highly variable contamination events registered in and around unconventional oil and gas developments are the result of operational ... read more

Predictive Tool Vital to Sustainable Environmental Futures

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new predictive tool, which for the first time combines human perception of the environment with land-use planning and socioeconomic data, could help governments mitigate the impact of climate ... read more

Egyptian Women Say Doctors Don't Discourage Female Genital Cutting, Study Finds

Aug. 26, 2016 — More Egyptian women are seeking the opinions of physicians on whether their daughters should undergo female genital cutting, which is illegal in the country, but they say doctors don't advise ... read more

Baby Simulator Program May Make Teenage Girls More, Not Less, Likely to Become Pregnant

Aug. 25, 2016 — A teenage pregnancy prevention program involving a baby simulator does not appear to have any long-term effect on reducing the risk of teenage pregnancy, according to the first randomized controlled ... read more

The Refugee Crisis in Europe: Challenges and Possible Solutions

Aug. 25, 2016 — Researchers have discussed the different ideological viewpoints of liberals and conservatives in Europe with respect to accepting refugees, highlighting why -- even though the continent is not ... read more

Study Examines Financial Conflict of Interests Among NCCN Guideline Authors

Aug. 25, 2016 — A new study quantifies industry financial conflicts of interest (FCOIs) among authors of National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, work that influences practice and defines drugs ... read more

Going Green Is for Girls, but Branding Can Make Men Eco-Friendly

Aug. 25, 2016 — Studies show that men are not as environmentally friendly as women. But could men be persuaded to go green? New research indicates the answer is yes — and it’s all about ... read more

In the Aftermath of Disaster, Social Media Helps Build a Sense of Community

Aug. 25, 2016 — Social media can disseminate critical information as well as unite disaster victims during their recovery efforts, suggests a new ... read more

Number of Tuberculosis Cases in India Is Double Current Estimates, Says New Study

Aug. 25, 2016 — The number of cases of tuberculosis (TB) in India may be up to two to three times higher than current estimates, suggests a new study. TB is a bacterial infection, spread through inhaling tiny ... read more

Conflicts Subverting Improved Health Conditions in Eastern Mediterranean Region

Aug. 24, 2016 — Improved health conditions and life expectancy over the past 20 years in the Eastern Mediterranean Region are being subverted by wars and civil unrest, according to a new scientific ... read more

Climate Change: Trade Liberalization Could Buffer Economic Losses in Agriculture

Aug. 24, 2016 — Global warming could create substantial economic damage in agriculture, a new study finds. Around the globe, climate change threatens agricultural productivity, forcing up food prices. As the ... read more

Tipped Out: Gratuities Present Challenges for Restaurant Operations

Aug. 24, 2016 — Tipping in restaurants is a widespread practice in need of reform, according to a new study. Investigators found that tipping poses significant challenges for restaurants, with managers seeing ... read more

Norwegian Prisons Rehabilitate Criminal Offenders

Aug. 24, 2016 — Criminals who are sentenced to prison are less prone to reoffend. They are also more likely to work, shows a new Norwegian ... read more

Bags Don't Fly Free: Charges Have Boosted Airlines' Departure Performances, Study Finds

Aug. 24, 2016 — Checked baggage fees have actually improved the departure performance of US airlines in addition to boosting revenue, new research has ... read more

Simplify, Standardize Health Insurance Plans, Advise Behavioral Economists

Aug. 23, 2016 — Behavioral economists argue that the best way to address the problems caused by health plan complexity is to simplify and standardize the plans, a new report ... read more

Prescriptions More Affordable After U.S. Policy Changes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have seen significant increases in the number of Americans who can afford to fill prescriptions following implementation of the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act and the 2010 Affordable ... read more

Shortfalls in Laboratory Services May Limit Attainment of Worldwide Targets for HIV

Aug. 23, 2016 — Insufficient capacity to perform laboratory tests used in monitoring HIV infection, and underutilization of existing testing capacity, are limiting the ability to meet the Joint United Nations ... read more

Why Are We So Afraid to Leave Children Alone?

Aug. 23, 2016 — Leaving a child unattended is considered taboo in today’s intensive parenting atmosphere, despite evidence that American children are safer than ever. So why are parents denying their children the ... read more

Teachers Favor Middle-Class Behaviors by Students

Aug. 23, 2016 — Sociologists have found that teachers often inadvertently translate students' class-based behaviors into unequal opportunities in school. Teachers favor middle-class students in various ways, ... read more

Guaranteed-Tuition Laws Inflating College Costs, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — While guaranteed-tuition laws, such as the one in Illinois, may provide predictability for incoming in-state students for their first four years, these mandates inadvertently trigger substantial ... read more

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