Science & Society News
August 25, 2016

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August 25, 2016

Conflicts Subverting Improved Health Conditions in Eastern Mediterranean Region

Aug. 24, 2016 — Improved health conditions and life expectancy over the past 20 years in the Eastern Mediterranean Region are being subverted by wars and civil unrest, according to a new scientific ... read more

Tipped Out: Gratuities Present Challenges for Restaurant Operations

Aug. 24, 2016 — Tipping in restaurants is a widespread practice in need of reform, according to a new study. Investigators found that tipping poses significant challenges for restaurants, with managers seeing ... read more

Norwegian Prisons Rehabilitate Criminal Offenders

Aug. 24, 2016 — Criminals who are sentenced to prison are less prone to reoffend. They are also more likely to work, shows a new Norwegian ... read more

Bags Don't Fly Free: Charges Have Boosted Airlines' Departure Performances, Study Finds

Aug. 24, 2016 — Checked baggage fees have actually improved the departure performance of US airlines in addition to boosting revenue, new research has ... read more

Simplify, Standardize Health Insurance Plans, Advise Behavioral Economists

Aug. 23, 2016 — Behavioral economists argue that the best way to address the problems caused by health plan complexity is to simplify and standardize the plans, a new report ... read more

Guaranteed-Tuition Laws Inflating College Costs, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — While guaranteed-tuition laws, such as the one in Illinois, may provide predictability for incoming in-state students for their first four years, these mandates inadvertently trigger substantial ... read more

Integrated Team-Based Care Shows Potential for Improving Health Care Quality, Use and Costs

Aug. 23, 2016 — Among adults enrolled in an integrated health care system, receipt of primary care at integrated team-based care practices compared with traditional practice management practices was associated with ... read more

Study Examines Reasons for High Cost of Prescriptions Drugs in US, Approaches to Reduce Costs

Aug. 23, 2016 — High prescription drug prices are attributable to several causes, including the approach the US has taken to granting government-protected monopolies to drug manufacturers, and the restriction of ... read more

Private Detention of Immigrants Deters Family Visits, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — Immigrants detained in a privately run detention facility while awaiting deportation decisions are far less likely than those held in county or city jails to receive visits from their children, a new ... read more

Strong External Governance Makes Top Managers More Prone to Cheat

Aug. 22, 2016 — When top-level managers find governance mechanisms too coercive, they're more likely to commit fraud, according to a new paper by strategic management ... read more

Protecting Plain Tobacco Packaging Against Industry Influence

Aug. 22, 2016 — Canada's public consultation on plain packaging for tobacco requires strict guidelines to protect against interference by the tobacco industry, and media must also be wary, according to a new ... read more

Management Actions to Combat Recessions Could Compromise the Performance Effects of Empowerment

Aug. 22, 2016 — Wage and employment freezes and other actions taken to combat recessions may compromise the positive effect that employee empowerment may have on staff morale and in turn ... read more

Watching a Lot of TV Makes You More Susceptible to Everyday Myths

Aug. 22, 2016 — People who watch a lot of television are more likely to be susceptible to everyday myths -- irrespective of their age, education or gender. This is the basic finding of a media study. In the recent ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study suggests that people who participate in regular religious acts send a clear signal to others that they're ready and willing to contribute to their communities. A researcher spent two ... read more

Why Prisons Continue to Grow, Even When Crime Declines

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study may help explain why the number of people in prison in the United States continued to rise, even as the crime rate declined significantly. A sociologist found that the US criminal justice ... read more

Does Owning a Well Foster Environmental Citizenship? A New Study Provides Evidence

Aug. 22, 2016 — Kansans who own water wells show more awareness of state water policy issues than those who rely on municipal water supplies, according to a study that could have implications for groundwater ... read more

Ramen Noodles Supplanting Cigarettes as Currency Among Prisoners

Aug. 22, 2016 — Ramen noodles are supplanting the once popular cigarettes as a form of currency among state prisoners, but not in response to bans on tobacco products within prison systems, finds a new ... read more

Beginning Pornography Use Associated With Increase in Probability of Divorce

Aug. 22, 2016 — Beginning pornography use is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of divorce for married Americans, and this increase is especially large for women, finds a new ... read more

Great Recession's Other Legacy: Inconsistent Work Hours

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study finds that an unpredictable work week is the norm for growing numbers of low-wage workers -- nearly 40 percent of whom worked variable hours for at least one four-month period after the ... read more

Greater Academic Achievement in High School Increases Likelihood of Moving Away

Aug. 22, 2016 — High school students who completed higher levels of math, performed better academically, and had a greater sense of control of their future were more likely to migrate and work in labor markets with ... read more

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