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Science & Society News
September 28, 2016

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September 28, 2016

Single-Blind Vs Double-Blind Peer Review and Effect of Author Prestige

Sep. 27, 2016 — Scientists have examined if bias with single-blind peer review might be greatest in the setting of author or institutional prestige. The authors found that reviewers were more likely to recommend ... read more

Women Are Less Than a Quarter of Top One Per Cent, High Incomes Study Shows

Sep. 27, 2016 — Women make up a smaller and smaller fraction of those with high incomes, the closer you get to the top. Women have been increasing their representation in the top 10 per cent, but progress has been ... read more

Vehicle Mileage Tax Is Best Option for Long-Term Highway Funding

Sep. 26, 2016 — A study that forecasts state and federal fuel tax revenues based on different fuel taxation policies found adoption of a vehicle mileage tax would best meet highway construction needs in the long ... read more

Rural Employers Failing to Meet Needs of Working Breastfeeding Mothers

Sep. 26, 2016 — The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires employers of more than 50 employees to provide sufficient space and time for mothers to breastfeed during the first year of their babies’ lives. Researchers ... read more

Healthcare Leaders Recommend Restructuring Health Care System to Better Serve Needs of U.S. Throughout 21st Century

Sep. 26, 2016 — To keep up with the evolving needs of our nation’s health and health care system, a series of papers recommends restructuring the U.S. health care system in ways that will support more efficient, ... read more

Young Cancer Survivors in Economic Struggle

Sep. 26, 2016 — Young cancer survivors have a 40 per cent higher risk of becoming unemployed, than others, say researchers, noting that they also have a 40 per cent higher risk of receiving governmental financial ... read more

Students in Bilingual Elementary School Programs Present Worse Academic Results, According to Study

Sep. 26, 2016 — Bilingual education programs, in which a substantial part of the teaching is done in a language different from the mother tongue and from the language of the students’ surroundings, have been fully ... read more

Start Training for Retirement as Early as 50, Research Urges

Sep. 26, 2016 — The results of a project to establish European guidelines for preparing the population for life after full-time employment urge people to start planning as soon as ... read more

An Algorithm for Taxi Sharing

Sep. 26, 2016 — Researchers in Uruguay have developed an evolutionary algorithm to allow a smart city to facilitate efficient taxi sharing to cut an individual's transport costs as well as reduce congestion and ... read more

Violence Against Police Officers Can Trigger Increased Discrimination in Police Stops

Sep. 23, 2016 — Incidents of extreme violence against police officers can lead to periods of substantially increased racial disparities in the use of force by police, new research ... read more

Stronger Turbine Blades With Molybdenum Silicides

Sep. 23, 2016 — Molybdenum silicides can improve the efficiency of turbine blades in ultrahigh-temperature combustion systems, researchers have ... read more

Floods Severely Affect Children, Young People

Sep. 22, 2016 — Research with flood-affected children reveals serious impacts on well-being but also a desire to take on a role in flood risk management. Factors impacting on children's well-being include: loss ... read more

It's Not All About Tigers and Criminals: Illegal Wildlife Trade Responses Need Nuance

Sep. 22, 2016 — Responses to illegal wildlife trade need to be more nuanced and not only focused on high-profile species if we are to truly tackle the problem, say ... read more

Working Mothers Most in Need of Social Support Are Less Likely to Receive It

Sep. 21, 2016 — A new study links nonstandard work schedules to weaker private safety nets, particularly for African-Americans, the less educated and those who don't work 9-to-5. However, there also is evidence ... read more

'Likes' Less Likely to Affect Self-Esteem of People With Purpose

Sep. 21, 2016 — How many likes did I get? The rush of self-esteem that comes with the ubiquitous thumbs-up has more people asking that question, as Facebook and other social media sites offer more ways for friends ... read more

Drive-by Monitoring for Urban Streetlights

Sep. 21, 2016 — Is there a streetlight burned out on your block? Unless you or your neighbors phone the right city department, there's a good chance nobody knows about it. Now researchers have an idea of ... read more

Study Measures Effects of Congestion on Access to Jobs by Car

Sep. 20, 2016 — The impact of traffic congestion on access to jobs for the 50 largest (by population) metropolitan areas in the United States has now been estimated by new ... read more

Sep. 20, 2016 — Those with a taste for adult education classes have long known it, but now scientists have confirmed that taking part in the weekly sessions can boost wellbeing -- regardless of the subject ... read more

Age Limit for Federal Food Assistance Program Is Increasing Food Insecurity

Sep. 20, 2016 — A problem has been found with regard to the requirement that when children turn five, they are no longer eligible to receive food assistance from Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, ... read more

Soil Management May Help Stabilize Maize Yield in the Face of Climate Change

Sep. 20, 2016 — How will we feed our growing population in the face of an increasingly extreme climate? Many experts suggest the answer lies in breeding novel crop varieties that can withstand the increases in ... read more

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