Science & Society News
August 23, 2016

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August 23, 2016

Private Detention of Immigrants Deters Family Visits, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — Immigrants detained in a privately run detention facility while awaiting deportation decisions are far less likely than those held in county or city jails to receive visits from their children, a new ... read more

Management Actions to Combat Recessions Could Compromise the Performance Effects of Empowerment

Aug. 22, 2016 — Wage and employment freezes and other actions taken to combat recessions may compromise the positive effect that employee empowerment may have on staff morale and in turn ... read more

Why Prisons Continue to Grow, Even When Crime Declines

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study may help explain why the number of people in prison in the United States continued to rise, even as the crime rate declined significantly. A sociologist found that the US criminal justice ... read more

Does Owning a Well Foster Environmental Citizenship? A New Study Provides Evidence

Aug. 22, 2016 — Kansans who own water wells show more awareness of state water policy issues than those who rely on municipal water supplies, according to a study that could have implications for groundwater ... read more

Ramen Noodles Supplanting Cigarettes as Currency Among Prisoners

Aug. 22, 2016 — Ramen noodles are supplanting the once popular cigarettes as a form of currency among state prisoners, but not in response to bans on tobacco products within prison systems, finds a new ... read more

Beginning Pornography Use Associated With Increase in Probability of Divorce

Aug. 22, 2016 — Beginning pornography use is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of divorce for married Americans, and this increase is especially large for women, finds a new ... read more

Great Recession's Other Legacy: Inconsistent Work Hours

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study finds that an unpredictable work week is the norm for growing numbers of low-wage workers -- nearly 40 percent of whom worked variable hours for at least one four-month period after the ... read more

Researchers Investigate Environmental Movements and Neoliberalism

Aug. 22, 2016 — Recent dynamics of global environmentalism, ranging from indigenous people's rights to the reliance on non-governmental organizations, have been marked by a resurgence in environmental movements ... read more

Trust Is Key Motivator for Individuals Who Protest on Behalf of People Different from Them

Aug. 21, 2016 — It appears that people who actively participate in demonstrations during social movements on behalf of those dissimilar to them do so for two important ... read more

Who Are You? Squatters Can Actually Help a Neighborhood

Aug. 21, 2016 — Squatters who illegally occupy vacant homes or buildings are not always contributing to apathy or social disorder, says a new ... read more

Is Divorce Seasonal? Study Shows Biannual Spike in Divorce Filings

Aug. 21, 2016 — To everything there is a season -- even divorce, sociologists ... read more

'I Miss You So Much': How Twitter Is Broadening the Conversation on Death and Mourning

Aug. 20, 2016 — Social media is redefining how people grieve, bringing conversations about death back into the public realm, sociologists found. And Twitter in particular, they say, is broadening the discourse ... read more

That's Not Fair! Managing Envy in the Workplace

Aug. 19, 2016 — In a recent study, researchers looked at envy in the workplace. The research found a strong link between an employee's feelings of envy after they perceive a supervisor has treated them worse ... read more

Why Do They Treat Me Like That? Taking the Mask Off of Envy

Aug. 19, 2016 — While overt signs of envy can often be received badly, research indicates that how that envy is perceived and attributed by the envied person makes all the difference in how it is ... read more

Study Finds Better Definition of Homelessness May Help Minimize HIV Risk

Aug. 19, 2016 — Being homeless puts people at greater risk of HIV infection than those with stable housing, but targeting services to reduce risk behaviors is often complicated by fuzzy definitions of homelessness, ... read more

Young, Gifted, First-Generation Minority Science Students Motivated by Prosocial Values

Aug. 19, 2016 — There are as many motives as there are undergraduates taking introductory science courses, but if you look closely at groups of freshmen science students such as those from underrepresented minority ... read more

Majority of Parents Support HPV Vaccination Requirements for School, but With Opt-Outs

Aug. 19, 2016 — Parents were more likely to agree that laws requiring students to be vaccinated against HPV for school entry are a 'good idea' when there is an opt-out clause, new research indicates. ... read more

Seawalls, Forests Show Mixed Effectiveness at Reducing Deaths, Damage from Tsunami

Aug. 19, 2016 — The Pacific coast of the Tohoku region has been struck by four large tsunamis in just over a century - in 1896, 1933, 1960 and 2011. Many critics claim that seawalls are detrimental because they ... read more

Researcher Provides Recommendations to Stop Violence Against Clinicians in China

Aug. 19, 2016 — Responding to the number of violent attacks on physicians in China, researchers organized an initiative to rebuild patient-physician trust with recommendations published in a new ... read more

Are Urban Black Males Shortchanged in Classroom?

Aug. 18, 2016 — Giving special treatment to young urban black males in the high school classroom runs the risk of shortchanging these students academically once they get to college, indicates a new ... read more

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