Science & Society News
August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

Scientists Show That 'Superman' Disguise Could Actually Work

Aug. 31, 2016 — Small alterations to a person’s appearance, such as wearing glasses, can significantly hinder positive facial identification, new research ... read more

Aug. 31, 2016 — A new dataset provides a comprehensive look at population dynamics in Europe, including the influence of migration on population growth and the effect of population ... read more

Pros and Cons of Supplementary Materials in Scientific Publishing

Aug. 31, 2016 — The ascendance of the Internet has changed academic publishing in ways that scientists are still adjusting to. A new commentary examines the costs and benefits of supplementary materials, which are ... read more

Data Shows Increasing Political Polarization on Climate Change

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new article discusses increasing partisan polarization of American attitudes towards climate change. The article details the escalation of partisan polarization, particularly towards environmental ... read more

Single Women With Personal Wealth More Likely to Become Entrepreneurs Than Men

Aug. 30, 2016 — There is a big difference in cash flow problems faced by men and women in the UK, a new economic study has found. They found single women face more severe constraints to their incomings and ... read more

Inferring Urban Travel Patterns from Cellphone Data

Aug. 29, 2016 — A new computational system has been developed that uses cellphone location data to infer urban mobility patterns. Applying the system to six weeks of data from residents of the Boston area, the ... read more

America's Wars Take Uneven Toll, Study Finds

Aug. 29, 2016 — In today's wars, Americans who die or are wounded in battle are disproportionately coming from poorer parts of the country, according to a new study released this week. By analyzing over 500,000 ... read more

ERs After Obamacare: More Patients, Fewer on-Call Specialists

Aug. 29, 2016 — The average monthly emergency department visit increased by 5.7 percent in Illinois after the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, although the population remained essentially flat. In ... read more

One in Two Users Click on Links from Unknown Senders

Aug. 29, 2016 — Most people know that e-mails and Facebook messages from unknown senders can contain dangerous links. However, many users still click on them and researchers have investigated why. The results: up to ... read more

Defibrillators Could Save Many More Lives If Associated With Basic Life Support Education

Aug. 29, 2016 — Automatic external defibrillators fail to save lives when the public does not have basic life support education, according to new research. The study found that public access defibrillation programs ... read more

Businesses That Show Commitment to Sustainability Inspire Greener Customers

Aug. 26, 2016 — Spending a little to prove a commitment to sustainability can help tourism industry businesses such as hotels inspire customers to conserve resources -- and save money in the process, according to ... read more

Air Contamination Near Fracking Sites Result of Operational Inefficiencies

Aug. 26, 2016 — Chemists have published a new study that indicates that highly variable contamination events registered in and around unconventional oil and gas developments are the result of operational ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study details the challenges faced by people with mobility impairments during emergency evacuation from multistory buildings. The findings are especially relevant because they are based upon ... read more

Predictive Tool Vital to Sustainable Environmental Futures

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new predictive tool, which for the first time combines human perception of the environment with land-use planning and socioeconomic data, could help governments mitigate the impact of climate ... read more

Banning Tobacco Sales Near Schools Could Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities, New Study Shows

Aug. 26, 2016 — Banning tobacco sales within 1,000 feet of schools could reduce socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in tobacco density across neighborhoods, according to a ... read more

Egyptian Women Say Doctors Don't Discourage Female Genital Cutting, Study Finds

Aug. 26, 2016 — More Egyptian women are seeking the opinions of physicians on whether their daughters should undergo female genital cutting, which is illegal in the country, but they say doctors don't advise ... read more

'Coming Out' in the Classroom, but Not by Choice

Aug. 26, 2016 — In a first-of-its kind study, researchers found that active learning classrooms, which require more group work than traditional lecture courses, may create an unaccepting atmosphere for LGBTQIA ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers have developed an economic model that demonstrates how flexible wastewater treatment processes which blend varying levels of treated effluent can create a water supply that benefits crops ... read more

Neuroscientists Stand Up for Basic Cell Biology Research

Aug. 25, 2016 — Clinical trials and translational medicine have certainly given people hope and rapid pathways to cures for some of humankind's most troublesome diseases, but now is not the time to overlook the ... read more

Researchers Find Vulnerabilities in iPhone, iPad Operating System

Aug. 25, 2016 — An international team of computer science researchers has identified serious security vulnerabilities in the iOS -- the operating system used in Apple's iPhone and iPad devices. The ... read more

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