Science & Society News
May 27, 2016

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May 27, 2016

Rapid Bone Growth and Underwater Breathing: Putting the Science of Harry Potter’s Universe to the Test

May 27, 2016 — In the world of Harry Potter the young wizard undergoes two magical biological transformations: eating Gillyweed to grow gills in order to breathe underwater and drinking Skele-Gro to repair broken ... read more

Surrogate Endpoints Poor Proxy for Survival in Cancer Drug Approval Process

May 26, 2016 — Surrogate endpoints used to support the majority of new cancer drugs approved in the US often lack formal study, according to the authors of a new report. This analysis questions whether the US Food ... read more

Practice Less and Play Like a Pro, Say Researchers

May 26, 2016 — Visually guided videos could revolutionize coaching, say researchers. Watching videos that point to crucial details such as how golfers line up the ball, position their feet and twist their hips, ... read more

May 26, 2016 — Through their research, scientists developed thresholds of impervious surface around planting sites. In other words, they defined points at which the amount of pavement around a tree reduces its ... read more

Higher Wages for UK's Lowest Paid Improve Productivity

May 26, 2016 — Employees work harder and more cohesively if they feel they and their colleagues are paid a wage which reflects their skill and effort, new research has found. Data from more than 360,000 UK firms ... read more

Study Dispels Myth About Millionaire Migration in the US

May 26, 2016 — The view that the rich are highly mobile has gained much political traction in recent years and has become a central argument in debates about whether there should be 'millionaire taxes' on ... read more

New Venture Creation Can Alleviate Suffering in the Wake of a Disaster

May 25, 2016 — In the aftermath of a disaster, individuals can successfully overcome adversity by focusing on new venture creation, new research ... read more

Making AI Decision-Making Accountable

May 25, 2016 — Machine-learning algorithms increasingly make decisions about credit, medical diagnoses, personalized recommendations, advertising and job opportunities, among other things, but exactly how usually ... read more

Charismatic Speaking Strategies of Presidential Candidates

May 25, 2016 — Researchers have recently examined the speech patterns of Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders, Donald Trump and Carly Fiorina in a variety of settings to determine whether the presidential candidates ... read more

Family Size, Education Levels: The Right Support Could Reverse Long-Held Theory

May 25, 2016 — More kids in your family, less education. This pattern isn't new, but a team of researchers has studied why that educational dip occurs and found that there are exceptions to the ... read more

Money Back Guarantees for Non-Reproducible Results?

May 24, 2016 — There are better solutions to the 'reproducibility crisis' in research, according to a new ... read more

Survey Reveals Few GPs Use Alternatives to Face-to-Face Consultations

May 24, 2016 — Despite policy pressure on GPs to offer consultations by email or internet video programs such as Skype, few GPs do and most have no plans to introduce them in future, according to a new study from ... read more

DIY Sampling Kits Accessed Through Gay Men's Social Media Unearth New HIV Cases

May 24, 2016 — Offering DIY sampling kits for HIV using online dating apps and social media targeting gay men, successfully unearths previously undiagnosed cases of the infection, reveals an evaluation of the first ... read more

May 24, 2016 — A survey of more than 216,000 adolescents from all 50 states indicates the number of teens with marijuana-related problems is declining. Similarly, the rates of marijuana use by young people are ... read more

Gaps in Vaccine Coverage Highlighted With New Report and Online Tool

May 24, 2016 — As the 69th World Health Assembly discusses progress on the Global Vaccine Action Plan, a new data visualization platform, the Vaccine Information Epidemiology Window (VIEW-hub), identifies ... read more

Putting the Brakes on Cell's 'Engine' Could Give Flu, Other Vaccines a Boost

May 24, 2016 — Altering MCJ -- a relatively unknown molecule that regulates metabolism in virus-attacking T cells -- can result in a boost to the immune system's response to the flu, according to a new ... read more

People Power Crucial for Low-Carbon Future, New Research Shows

May 24, 2016 — Policy makers must harness the power of ordinary people if society is to transition to a low-carbon energy future, argues a leading technology ... read more

Rates of Obesity, Diabetes Lower in Neighborhoods That Are More Walkable

May 24, 2016 — Urban neighborhoods in Ontario, Canada, that were characterized by more walkable design were associated with decreased prevalence of overweight and obesity and decreased incidence of diabetes between ... read more

Barium Leaches Directly from Fracked Rocks

May 24, 2016 — Researchers are shedding light on the early chemical reactions in the organic sediments that would ultimately become the Marcellus Shale, a major source of natural gas and ... read more

Getting the Most out of Natural Gas

May 24, 2016 — Scientists have discovered a new catalyst that allows the easy conversion of natural gas constituents into precursors for the production of fuels or complex chemicals, such as polymers or ... read more

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