Science & Society News
July 23, 2016

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July 23, 2016

More Doesn't Mean Better When It Comes to Trauma Centers

July 21, 2016 — For the first time, research shows that changes over time in the volume of patients seen by trauma centers influence the likelihood of seriously injured patients living or dying. The findings mean ... read more

July 21, 2016 — A drilling tool that will withstand the heat of geothermal drilling has now been developed by scientists. The downhole hammer attaches to the end of a column of drill pipe and cuts through rock with ... read more

Does Social Status Affect Generosity?

July 21, 2016 — High-ranking people don't always turn out to be selfish jerks. It all depends on whether they feel worthy of their prominent social position, new research ... read more

GPS Jamming: Keeping Ships on the 'Strait' and Narrow

July 21, 2016 — Researchers are investigating how to prevent shipping Global Positioning Signals (GPS) being jammed in potential cyberattacks that may cause vessels to go off course and collide or run ... read more

Diversifying Clinical Science to Represent Diverse Populations

July 20, 2016 — Despite increasing attention to issues of diversity in scientific research, participant populations in behavioral science tend to be relatively homogeneous. A special series in Clinical Psychological ... read more

Screening for Suicide Risk Among Urban Children Vitally Important

July 20, 2016 — Screening for suicide risk among publicly insured urban children who are experiencing psychological distress is vitally important, finds a new ... read more

Improving Health Facility Efficiency Could Markedly Expand HIV Treatment

July 20, 2016 — Health facilities in Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia could extend life-sustaining antiretroviral therapy to hundreds of thousands of people living with HIV if facilities improved the efficiency of service ... read more

Rationing Healthcare: More Than Half of US Doctors Say No to Clinical Services

July 20, 2016 — More than half of US physicians included in a national survey have withheld certain medical interventions with small benefits from their patients because of the cost-implications these hold. Such ... read more

July 20, 2016 — Can Harry Potter defeat Donald Trump? A new study has found that Americans who read Harry Potter books hold a lower opinion of Donald Trump, even after controlling for many factors like party, ... read more

Higher-Income Students Have an Edge When It Comes to Working Memory

July 20, 2016 — Researchers have discovered important differences between lower and higher-income children in their ability to use working memory, a key brain function responsible for everything from remembering a ... read more

Preventing HIV in Transgender People

July 20, 2016 — Programs to reduce the high risk of HIV infection among transgender people are urgently needed -- but efforts are hindered by a lack of accurate information on HIV prevalence, HIV incidence, and ... read more

People Estimate Their Own Abilities Based on Others' Performance

July 20, 2016 — Ratings of our own abilities are strongly influenced by the performance of others, according to a new study. Interacting with high performers makes us feel more capable in cooperative team settings, ... read more

Indoor Tanning Rates Among New Jersey Teens Remain Stable Following State Enactment of Under Age 17 Ban

July 20, 2016 — Research shows no significant decline in indoor tanning rates among children under age 17 following a ban on such use in New Jersey enacted in 2013. The authors say it’s a finding that underscores ... read more

July 20, 2016 — Social robots can be used in the educational or health system, where they would support trainers and therapists in their work. The robots can be programmed to practice vocabulary with children or to ... read more

Greener Cities Become More Unjust

July 20, 2016 — Cities restoring and creating environmental amenities contribute, in medium and long term, to the exclusion of the most vulnerable social groups. This is one of the findings of a study by scientists ... read more

July 20, 2016 — Salmon largely disappeared from our waters due to the construction of water mills, ecologists now conclude. The construction of water mills caused the destruction of the gravel beds in streams, ... read more

Cosmetic Therapy: The Link Between Makeup and a Down Economy

July 19, 2016 — During tough economic times, women engage in the “lipstick effect,” stocking up on cosmetics and beauty products. The phenomenon has occurred during every major recession in U.S. history and ... read more

Atrazine Alternatives in Sweet Corn

July 19, 2016 — Atrazine has been very good at killing weeds in corn fields for more than 50 years. But some of the properties that make it a successful herbicide, such as its persistence in the soil and ability to ... read more

Is Fiction Good for You? How Researchers Are Trying to Find out

July 19, 2016 — It's assumed that reading fiction is good for your mental health, but evidence linking Jane Eyre or Anna Karenina to a broadened mind has been mostly anecdotal. A psychologist-novelist delves ... read more

Men More Aggressive on Dating Sites, Women More Self-Conscious

July 19, 2016 — Using data collected from Baihe, one of the largest dating websites in China, researchers developed a reciprocal recommendation system that better matches users who are mutually interested in and ... read more

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