Health & Medicine News
August 24, 2016

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August 24, 2016

Mutational Tug of War Over HIV's Disease-Inducing Potential

Aug. 23, 2016 — A study from AIDS researchers shows how the expected disease severity when someone is newly infected by HIV reflects a balance between the virus' invisibility to the host's immune system ... read more

Recommended Blood Pressure Targets for Diabetes Are Being Challenged

Aug. 23, 2016 — The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare recently raised the recommended target blood pressure for patients with diabetes. This may lead to more patients suffering from stroke or heart ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers from the epicenter of the current Zika virus outbreak have released a report on imaging findings in babies and fetuses infected with the Zika virus. Zika virus is most dangerous when ... read more

Osteoporosis Treatment: Systematic Global Review of Intervention Thresholds Based on FRAX

Aug. 23, 2016 — According to most current guidelines, treatment for osteoporosis is recommended in individuals with prior fragility fractures -- however for those without prior fractures, intervention thresholds ... read more

Nanofiber Scaffolds Demonstrate New Features in the Behavior of Stem and Cancer Cells

Aug. 23, 2016 — A discovery in the field of biomaterials may open new frontiers in stem and cancer cell manipulation and associated advanced therapy development. Novel scaffolds are shown enabling cells to behave in ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — A research team combined a protein that stimulates bone formation with a peptide that promotes osteoblast differentiation, and delivered them into mouse jawbones by injection within a gelatin ... read more

Essential Oils Could Counter Lung and Liver Ailments Caused by Air Pollution, Research Suggests

Aug. 23, 2016 — Certain ingredients in essential oils made from plants such as cloves, anise, fennel and ylang-ylang could serve as a natural treatment of lung and liver conditions caused by air pollution, according ... read more

Multivariate Analysis Improves on Cognitive Testing in Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Multivariate analysis of cognitive tests in Alzheimer's disease identifies five distinct groups of Alzheimer's disease patients, and suggests that multivitamins might slow progression only ... read more

New Zika Clone Could Be New Model for Developing Vaccine

Aug. 23, 2016 — Stopping the explosive spread of Zika virus -- which can lead to birth defects in babies born to infected mothers -- depends on genetic insights gleaned through new tools and models. Researchers ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — A portable power-free test for the rapid detection of bacterial resistance to antibiotics has been developed ... read more

Study Finds Changes to Retirement Savings System May Exacerbate Economic Inequality

Aug. 23, 2016 — A shift to defined-contribution retirement plans, such as 401(k) plans, has led to an income and education gap in pension savings that could exacerbate future economic inequality, according to a ... read more

Study Uses Geo-Mapping to Identify 'Hot Spots' for Use of Fentanyl and Other Opiates

Aug. 23, 2016 — As the US experiences sharp increases in drug overdoses, researchers are using geo-mapping to look at the state, neighborhood by neighborhood, to identify 'hot spots' where the use of ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Non-toxic, edible batteries could one day power ingestible devices for diagnosing and treating disease. One team reports new progress toward that goal with their batteries made with melanin pigments, ... read more

Researcher Takes Close Look at 'Inflamm-Aging'

Aug. 23, 2016 — Scientists have investigated the role of the ghrelin receptor, growth hormone secretagogue receptor, or GHSR, in age associated adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance in ... read more

Expecting the Worst Increases Side-Effects in Breast Cancer Patients on Hormone Therapies

Aug. 22, 2016 — A study of women receiving hormone therapies such as tamoxifen as part of their treatment for breast cancer has found that the number and seriousness of side effects they experienced were influenced ... read more

Soluble Corn Fiber Can Help Young Women Build Bone, and Older Women Preserve Bone

Aug. 22, 2016 — Supplementing with soluble corn fiber at two critical times in a woman's life -- adolescence and post-menopause -- can help build and retain calcium in bone, according to new ... read more

New Drug Target Could Prevent Tolerance, Addiction to Opioids, Study Finds

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers have identified a brain mechanism that could be a drug target to help prevent tolerance and addiction to opioid pain medication, such as ... read more

Stroke-Like Brain Damage Is Reduced in Mice Injected With Omega-3s

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers have found that omega-3 fatty acids reduced brain damage in a neonatal mouse model of ... read more

How Melanoma Spreads to Other Organs in the Body

Aug. 22, 2016 — In a landmark discovery, researchers have unraveled the metastatic mechanism of melanoma, the most aggressive of all skin cancers. Their work may lead to a cure for the deadly ... read more

How Cell Nuclei Squeeze Into Tight Spaces

Aug. 22, 2016 — As cells move throughout our bodies, they often have to squeeze through tight nooks and crannies in their environment, reliably springing back to their original shape. The structures involved in this ... read more

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