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Health & Medicine News
October 28, 2016

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updated 7:40pm EDT

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October 28, 2016

Oct. 28, 2016 — Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have greater numbers of harmful mutations in their mitochondrial DNA than family members, researchers ... read more

What's the Best Way to Match the Implant to the Breast?

Oct. 28, 2016 — How should plastic surgeons choose the best implant type and size for women undergoing breast augmentation surgery? Implant size selection systems based on breast tissue measurements may provide ... read more

Oct. 28, 2016 — In mammals, three types of adipose tissues exist. White adipocytes are mainly located in the abdominal and subcutaneous areas of the body and highly adapted to store excess energy. Conversely, beige ... read more

Screws That Fit the Body's Notches

Oct. 28, 2016 — Complex bone fractures are often set with titanium or steel screws and plates. However, if these remain in the body for some time, they can cause health problems. A new bioceramic screw nail has the ... read more

New Research Paves Way for Anti-Cancer Treatment

Oct. 28, 2016 — A new lab technique has been created that may aid the development and success rate of an important anti-cancer treatment, report ... read more

Oct. 28, 2016 — Finding the ideal position for interventional needles – as used in biopsies, for instance – is a difficult and time-consuming process. This can now be performed automatically, using a robotic arm ... read more

Breakthrough in Production of Dopamine Neurons for Parkinson's Disease

Oct. 28, 2016 — The first transplantation of stem cells in patients with Parkinson's disease is almost within reach, say investigators. However, it remains a challenge for researchers to control stem cells ... read more

Exploring the Evolution of Spider Venom to Improve Human Health

Oct. 28, 2016 — More than 46,000 species of spiders creepy crawl across the globe. Each one produces a venom composed of an average of 500 distinct toxins, putting the conservative estimate of unique venom compounds ... read more

Oct. 28, 2016 — To get a head start on healing burn wounds, biomedical engineers at Michigan Technological University turn to the body's natural network. They combine engineered stem cell sheets with split ... read more

Oct. 28, 2016 — Embryonic nerve cells can functionally integrate into local neural networks when transplanted into damaged areas of the visual cortex of adult mice, say ... read more

New Discovery in Understanding Chemotherapy Resistance Could Prevent Cancer Cells Fighting Back

Oct. 28, 2016 — Scientists have discovered the key to preventing resistance to common chemotherapy used to treat breast and colon cancer, offering hope to an improvement to cancer ... read more

Clinical Trial Data Sharing Off to a Slow Start

Oct. 27, 2016 — For many years, doctors, scientists and researchers have urged that clinical drug trial data be shared to accelerate medical advances in treating multiple diseases. But two years after free patient ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — Pediatric researchers report that children with ASD may mistakenly be diagnosed with ADHD because they have autism-related social impairments rather than problems with attention. This is important ... read more

Senescent Cells, Atherosclerosis Progression Appear to Be Linked

Oct. 27, 2016 — Atherosclerosis is a disease in which arteries narrow due to plaques. That narrowing can lead to heart attacks and strokes — both of which are leading causes of death in the U.S. Now, in paper ... read more

Stability of Exhausted T Cells Limits Durability of Cancer Checkpoint Drugs

Oct. 27, 2016 — Reinvigorating exhausted T cells in mice using a PD-L1 blockade caused very few T memory cells to develop. After the blockade, re-invigorated T cells became re-exhausted if antigen from the virus ... read more

Vitamin D Supplements for Pregnant Women Should Be Customised to the Individual to Ensure Benefits Are Felt

Oct. 27, 2016 — Vitamin D supplements are less effective at raising vitamin D levels in pregnant women if they deliver their babies in the winter, have low levels of vitamin D early in pregnancy or gain more weight ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — Men can take birth control shots to prevent pregnancy in their female partners, according to a new study. Researchers are still working to perfect the combination of hormonal contraceptives to reduce ... read more

Research Into Basic Workings of Immune System Points to Way of Improving Therapies for Cancer

Oct. 27, 2016 — In people with chronic infections or cancer, disease-fighting T cells tend to behave like an overworked militia - wheezing, ill-prepared, tentative - in a state of "exhaustion" that allows ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — By developing an atomic-scale picture of how the cancer-linked enzyme PP2A binds to other proteins, researchers have developed a new list of nearly 100 of its potential ... read more

Mitochondria Control Stem Cell Fate

Oct. 27, 2016 — If the powerhouse of the cell, mitochondria, is disrupted, stem cells in the gut suffer, researchers have discovered. The human intestinal system covers an area of approximately 300 to 500 square ... read more

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