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Health & Medicine News
October 21, 2016

Latest Headlines
updated 2:40pm EDT

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October 21, 2016

Oct. 21, 2016 — In type 1 diabetes, the body attacks its own insulin-producing cells. Scientists have now reported on a mechanism used by the immune system to prepare for this attack. They were able to inhibit this ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — There are many disadvantages to using human cells in the initial stages of creating a new therapy. Scientists often have to test a large number of compounds in order to find one that is effective ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — Unlike drugs, active implants such as electroceuticals act locally, have fewer side effects and function directly through electrical signals, much like the body itself. Now researchers present a new ... read more

New Nanomedicine Approach Aims to Improve HIV Drug Therapies

Oct. 21, 2016 — New research aims to improve the administration and availability of drug therapies to HIV patients through the use of ... read more

Sixty Percent of Americans With Diabetes Skip Annual Sight-Saving Exams

Oct. 21, 2016 — People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing serious eye diseases, yet most do not have sight-saving annual eye exams, according to a large ... read more

First Atomic-Level Image of the Human 'Marijuana Receptor' Unveiled

Oct. 20, 2016 — In a discovery that advances the understanding of how marijuana works in the human body, an international group of scientists has, for the first time, created a three-dimensional atomic-level image ... read more

CDC Recommends Only Two HPV Shots for Younger Adolescents

Oct. 20, 2016 — The U.S. CDC is recommending that 11- to 12-year-olds receive two doses of HPV vaccine at least six months apart rather than the previously recommended three doses to protect against cancers caused ... read more

Muscles Have Circadian Clocks That Control Exercise Response

Oct. 20, 2016 — Humans may be able to respond better to exercise during the daytime, suggests new research. Oxygen and the internal clock "do a dance together" in muscle cells to make energy, they say. The ... read more

Scientists Reveal Link Between Cell Metabolism and the Spread of Cancer

Oct. 20, 2016 — A crucial factor in the spread of cancer has been discovered by a team of researchers that has demonstrated that the metabolism of macrophages, a particular type of white blood cell, can be attuned ... read more

ADHD Symptom Persistence Into Adulthood Estimated

Oct. 20, 2016 — Sixty percent of children with ADHD in a recent study demonstrated persistence of symptoms into their mid-20's, and 41 percent had both symptoms and impairment as young ... read more

Needle-Sized Imaging Probe Improves Image Quality, Surgical Outcome

Oct. 20, 2016 — To provide a better view of difficult to see tissue, researchers have miniaturized an imaging probe to fit inside a needle that can be inserted into the eye during eye surgery. The probe was used ... read more

Scientists Build a Better Cancer Drug to Pass Through Blood-Brain Barrier

Oct. 20, 2016 — In efforts to develop new treatments for brain cancer, scientists report they have altered the structure of an experimental drug that seems to enhance its ability to slip through the mostly ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — Although only 10 percent of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases are hereditary, a significant number of them are caused by mutations that affect proteins that bind RNA, a type of genetic ... read more

More American Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer Could Opt out of Immediate Treatment

Oct. 20, 2016 — A new report on Swedish men with non-aggressive prostate cancer suggests that a lot more American men could safely choose to monitor their disease instead of seeking immediate radiation treatment or ... read more

Fast-Food Calorie Labeling Unlikely to Encourage Healthy Eating, Finds Study

Oct. 20, 2016 — Researchers show why fast-food menu calorie counts do not help consumers make healthy choices in a new ... read more

Do Microbes Control Our Mood?

Oct. 20, 2016 — Our intestine hosts a complex ecosystem of bacteria; we call it the gut microbiota, which includes at least 1000 difference species. We get most of our gut microbes soon after birth, although there ... read more

Treatment Approach Used in Cancer Holds Promise for Alzheimer's Disease

Oct. 20, 2016 — New Alzheimer's treatment could be delivered as nasal spray, say scientists. Researchers have developed a novel treatment that could block the development of Alzheimer's disease using ... read more

Music May Help Make High-Intensity Interval Training Viable Option for Average Person

Oct. 20, 2016 — Listening to music may make it easier for people to adopt short duration exercise regimens that could help them stay in shape, according to ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — Eukaryotic cells, including human cells, form paired condensed chromosomes before cell division. The paired chromosomes are then equally divided into the daughter cells. Prokaryotic cells, including ... read more

Taking out the Cellular 'Trash' at the Right Place and the Right Time

Oct. 20, 2016 — New insight about how cells dispose of their waste has been discovered by researchers. They show the necessity of a regulation in space and time of a key protein involved in cellular waste disposal. ... read more

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