Health & Medicine News
August 26, 2016

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August 26, 2016

Aug. 26, 2016 — A research team has succeeded in developing ‘Target-AID’, a genome editing technique that does not cleave the DNA. The technique offers, through high-level editing operation, a method to address ... read more

Scientists Shed New Light on the Role of Calcium in Learning, Memory

Aug. 26, 2016 — While calcium’s importance for our bones and teeth is well known, its role in neurons—in particular, its effects on processes such as learning and memory—has been less well defined. A new study ... read more

Physician Advice to Patients on E-Cigarettes Varies, Reveals Knowledge Gaps, Study Shows

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers analyzed an online medical forum to better understand what patients want to know about e-cigarettes and how doctors respond to those ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — There are no established drugs to improve angiogenesis in diabetes. However, researchers now have identified a gene called CITED2 in a molecular pathway that may offer targets for drugs that treat ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Many of the characteristics that make up a person's face, such as nose size and face width, stem from specific genetic variations, reports a team of ... read more

Targeting Low-Oxygen Patches Inside Lung Cancer Tumors Could Help Prevent Drug Resistance

Aug. 25, 2016 — With the right treatment schedule, medications known as hypoxia-activated prodrugs (HAPs) could help prevent drug resistance in a subtype of lung cancer, according to a ... read more

Electron Microscopy Reveals How Vitamin A Enters the Cell

Aug. 25, 2016 — Using a new, lightning-fast camera paired with an electron microscope, scientists have captured images of one of the smallest proteins in our cells to be "seen" with a ... read more

Investigating the Relationship Between Low Physical Activity and Psychotic Symptoms

Aug. 25, 2016 — Physical activity can help reduce cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with psychological problems. However, there is limited data on exercise in people with serious mental ... read more

Newly Discovered 'Multicomponent' Virus Can Infect Animals

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists have identified a new 'multicomponent' virus --one containing different segments of genetic material in separate particles -- that can infect animals. This new pathogen was ... read more

Altering Stem Cell Perception of Tissue Stiffness May Help Treat Musculoskeletal Disorders

Aug. 25, 2016 — A new biomaterial can be used to study how and when stem cells sense the mechanics of their surrounding environment. With further development, this biomaterial could be used to control when immature ... read more

Immune System Infighting Explains Pancreatic Cancer's Aggression

Aug. 25, 2016 — Conflict between cell types explains why the immune system struggles to recognize and attack pancreatic cancer, report researchers. Curbing this infighting has the potential to make treatment more ... read more

Recommended Daily Treatment for Chronic Rhinosinusitis Underused

Aug. 25, 2016 — Topical intranasal steroid therapy continues to be underused for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) despite practice guidelines that recommend daily use, according to a ... read more

Men Perceived as Younger, More Attractive After Hair Transplant for Baldness

Aug. 25, 2016 — Does how much hair a man has matter in how he is perceived? The answer is yes, according to a new article, and this reality can play a role in workplace and social success, say the authors of a new ... read more

Study Examines Financial Conflict of Interests Among NCCN Guideline Authors

Aug. 25, 2016 — A new study quantifies industry financial conflicts of interest (FCOIs) among authors of National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, work that influences practice and defines drugs ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — The process of energy generation by mitochondria is closely tied to intracellular calcium regulation by a membrane gateway inside mitochondria known as the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). How MCU ... read more

New Technique Takes Guesswork out of IVF Embryo Selection

Aug. 25, 2016 — Researchers have successfully trialed a new technique that could aid the process of choosing the "best" embryo for implantation, helping to boost the chances of pregnancy success from the ... read more

Researchers Question Process for Reviewing Coverage of 'Off Label' Cancer Drug Use

Aug. 25, 2016 — Physician-researchers have raised concerns that there are inconsistencies between the five reference guides, or compendia, that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services uses to determine which ... read more

Hitching a Ride: Misfiring Drugs Hit the Wrong Targets

Aug. 25, 2016 — Researchers have shown how anti-HIV protein inhibitor drugs can bind to the wrong protein, causing unwanted side ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — A study evaluated the influence of nitrogen fertility levels on biomass and concentrations of nutritionally important carotenoid and chlorophyll pigments in purslane. Two purslane cultivars were ... read more

Western Diet Increases Alzheimer's Risk

Aug. 25, 2016 — Globally, about 42 million people now have dementia, with Alzheimer’s disease as the most common type of dementia. Rates of Alzheimer’s disease are rising worldwide. The most important risk ... read more

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