Health & Medicine News
July 26, 2016

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July 26, 2016

Elite Cyclists Are More Resilient to Mental Fatigue

July 26, 2016 — As British cyclist Chris Froome celebrates his third Tour de France victory, research shows for the first time that elite endurance athletes have superior ability to resist mental fatigue. The new ... read more

Survival, Surgical Interventions for Children With Rare, Genetic Birth Disorder

July 26, 2016 — Among children born with the chromosome disorders trisomy 13 or 18 in Ontario, Canada, early death was the most common outcome, but 10 percent to 13 percent survived for 10 years, according to a ... read more

Task Force Maybe Too Stringent in Not Yet Recommending Melanoma Screening

July 26, 2016 — Two clinical experts question a USPSTF determination that there isn't enough evidence to recommend that clinicians visual screen for skin cancer, such as ... read more

New Era in Global Fightback Against Deadly Antibiotic Resistance

July 26, 2016 — 2016 marks the year a ‘long overdue’ scientific fightback against the threat of antibiotic resistance finally gets ... read more

Markers That Cause Toxic Radiotherapy Side-Effects in Prostate Cancer Identified

July 26, 2016 — A new study has looked at the genetic information of more than 1,500 prostate cancer patients and identified two variants linked to increased risk of radiotherapy ... read more

Height Rankings Revealed: Dutch Men and Latvian Women Tallest in World

July 26, 2016 — Dutch men and Latvian women are the tallest on the planet, according to the largest ever study of height around the ... read more

Severity of Enzyme Deficiency Central to Favism

July 26, 2016 — The congenital disease favism causes sickness and even jaundice in patients after they consume beans. The culprit is a particular enzyme deficiency, which destroys the red blood cells. Scientists ... read more

Doping in Sports and Society: A Growing Problem

July 26, 2016 — The use of doping has spread from elite sports to include recreational sport and the growing “fitness movement”. It is now being practiced particularly by young and early middle aged people who ... read more

Historical Love-Affair With Indulgent Foods

July 26, 2016 — Our desire for indulgent meals may be over 500 years old. A new analysis of European and American paintings across five centuries shows that salt, bread, sausage, and shellfish were among the most ... read more

Streetcar Tracks Increase Risk of Bike Crashes

July 26, 2016 — One-third of bike crashes in Toronto's downtown involved the city's streetcar tracks, according to a new study that suggests that separated bike routes could reduce risk to ... read more

Researchers Unveil New Data, Diagnostic Tool at the World's Largest Alzheimer's Forum

July 26, 2016 — A new diagnostic tool that can identify Alzheimer's disease long before the onset of symptoms has been presented by researchers. They add that the tool also highlights the increasing prevalence ... read more

Web-Based Technology Improves Pediatric ADHD Care and Patient Outcomes

July 26, 2016 — As cases of ADHD continue to rise among US children, pediatricians at busy community practices are getting an assist from a web-based technology to improve the quality of ADHD care and patient ... read more

Cells from Same Cell Bank Lots May Have Vast Genetic Variability

July 26, 2016 — In a surprise finding, researchers working with breast cancer cells purchased at the same time from the same cell bank discovered that the cells responded differently to chemicals, even though the ... read more

Transcriptome Differences in Prostate Cancer Highlight Racial Disparities, Vitamin D

July 25, 2016 — Investigators report clinical research showing that African-American and European-American men with prostate cancer exhibit significantly different expression of genes associated with immune response ... read more

Common Diabetes Drug May Help Prevent Preterm Birth

July 25, 2016 — Metformin, a medication routinely used by millions of people with type 2 diabetes, may also play an unexpected role in blocking a significant cause of preterm birth, report ... read more

National Survey Says Many, Not All, Open to Doctors Talking About Guns

July 25, 2016 — In perhaps the first national survey of its kind, two-thirds of people sampled said it is at least sometimes appropriate for health care providers to talk to patients about firearms. The remainder ... read more

BRCA1 Mutations in Breast, Ovarian Cancer Can Predict Treatment Resistance

July 25, 2016 — Two new studied have investigated the mechanisms underlying the treatment resistance associated with some BRCA1 mutations, and the findings provide information that may help predict which treatments ... read more

Statins Improve Birth Outcomes for Mothers With an Autoimmune Disorder

July 25, 2016 — A new statin treatment shows promise for reducing premature births and increasing babies' chances of survival for mothers with an autoimmune disease. The small preliminary study of 21 women ... read more

Scientists Test Nanoparticle Drug Delivery in Dogs With Osteosarcoma

July 25, 2016 — An engineer teamed up with a veterinarian to test a bone cancer drug delivery system in animals bigger than the standard animal model, the mouse. They chose dogs -- mammals closer in size and biology ... read more

Process Could Make Key Biodegradable Polymer Stronger and Longer-Lasting

July 25, 2016 — The creation of a new polymer morphology in a material called PLA could lead to better medical implants and drug-delivery ... read more

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