Health & Medicine News
July 28, 2016

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July 28, 2016

Glaucoma and Driving Ability

July 28, 2016 — Safe driving requires clear central vision and adequate peripheral vision. Glaucoma typically leads to constriction of the visual field, sparing the central ... read more

July 28, 2016 — All at once, a roundworm overhauls an array of survival strategies, and researchers suspect multiple mutations behind it. But they're surprised when they trace the sweeping changes back to one ... read more

Toward an Effective TB Vaccine: Analysis of the Immune Response to a Promising Candidate

July 28, 2016 — BCG, the only currently approved TB vaccine, is only partially effective. Given the complicated TB treatment, the rise of adult TB cases in conjunction with the HIV epidemic, and increasing ... read more

Pain Often Improves in Older Veterans, Study Shows

July 28, 2016 — Older military veterans frequently show improvements in pain intensity over time. However, opioids, some mental health conditions and certain pain diagnoses are associated with lower likelihood of ... read more

July 28, 2016 — Our skin renews, heals wounds, and regenerates the hair that covers it thanks to a small group of stem cells. Now a research team has identified two proteins that are fundamental to conserve skin ... read more

July 28, 2016 — The formation of large numbers of polyps in the colon has a high probability of developing into colon cancer, if left untreated. The large-scale appearance of polyps is often due to a hereditary ... read more

Researchers Solve Mystery on How Regenerative Medicine Works

July 28, 2016 — Researchers have identified a mechanism by which bioscaffolds used in regenerative medicine influence cellular behavior, a question that has remained unanswered since the technology was first ... read more

New Non-Invasive Imaging Method for Showing Oxygen in Tissue

July 28, 2016 — Learning how to look inside a body without having to cut it open is still an important part of medical research. One of the great challenges in imaging remains the visualization of oxygen in tissue. ... read more

Brain Changes After Menopause May Lead to Lack of Physical Activity

July 28, 2016 — Researchers have found a connection between lack of ovarian hormones and changes in the brain's pleasure center, a hotspot in the brain that processes and reinforces messages related to reward, ... read more

Household MRSA Controlled Through Treatment Compliance, Patient Education

July 28, 2016 — A new study found that following basic hygienic practices and complying with protocols for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) decolonization reduces the time to clearance of the ... read more

T-Cells Can Be Directed to Treat a Variety of Ovarian Cancers

July 28, 2016 — Scientists have discovered a receptor-protein that is expressed on the surface of different types of ovarian tumor cells, including clear cell and mucinous ovarian tumors, two of the most aggressive ... read more

Why Do Antidepressants Take So Long to Work?

July 28, 2016 — An episode of major depression can be crippling, impairing the ability to sleep, work, or eat. But the drugs available to treat depression can take weeks or even months to start working. Researchers ... read more

Confronted With Sepsis, Key Immune Mechanism Breaks, Scientists Find

July 28, 2016 — When the body encounters an infection, a molecular signaling system ramps up the body's infection-fighting system to produce more white blood cells to attack invading bacteria. Now researchers ... read more

Researchers Discover Gene Variant Associated With Esophageal Cancer

July 28, 2016 — A rare genetic mutation is associated with susceptibility to familial Barrett esophagus and esophageal cancer, according to a new study that set out to identify novel disease susceptibility variants ... read more

Even Mild Vision Impairment Has Influence on Quality of Life

July 28, 2016 — Blindness is known to have a broad-ranging adverse influence on affected individuals, their families, and the societies in which they live and is exemplified by its association with impaired quality ... read more

Social Media Linked to More Satisfaction With Breast Cancer Treatment Decisions

July 28, 2016 — Women who engaged on social media after a breast cancer diagnosis expressed more deliberation about their treatment decision and more satisfaction with the path they chose, a new study ... read more

New Research Adds Evidence on Potential Treatments Targeting Amyloid Beta in Alzheimer's

July 28, 2016 — New research could provide additional clues for future treatment targets to delay Alzheimer's disease and related dementias, according to the group's latest ... read more

Updated Position Statement on Noninvasive Prenatal Screening for Detection of Fetal Aneuploidy

July 28, 2016 — Noninvasive prenatal screening using cell-free placental DNA circulating in maternal blood (NIPS) has been rapidly integrated into prenatal care since the American College of Medical Genetics and ... read more

New Leishmania Virulence Strategies

July 28, 2016 — Medical researchers have discovered novel virulence strategies employed by the Leishmania parasite. These scientific breakthroughs represent two important clues to understanding the cellular and ... read more

Scientists Discover How Certain Proteins May Help Fight Chlamydia

July 28, 2016 — Scientists have made an interesting discovery, which may help fight chlamydia infection -- one of the most widespread STDs in the world. A series of experiments have shown that certain proteins are ... read more

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