Health & Medicine News
May 4, 2016

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updated 12:40am EDT

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May 4, 2016

Zika Virus and Health Systems in Brazil: From Unknown to a Menace

May 3, 2016 — A new article examines the Zika Virus epidemic in Brazil and the Americas. On February 1, 2016, a World Health Organization (WHO) emergency committee declared clusters of birth defects suspected of ... read more

May 3, 2016 — Researchers have shown how controlling cholesterol metabolism in pancreatic cancer cells reduces metastasis, pointing to a potential new treatment using drugs previously developed for ... read more

Are Low Wages an Occupational Health Hazard?

May 3, 2016 — Low wages should be recognized as an occupational health threat, according to a new editorial. The authors believe that low wages should be considered among the psychosocial factors -- such as long ... read more

Autism and Cancer Share a Remarkable Number of Risk Genes in Common

May 3, 2016 — Autism and cancer share more than 40 risk genes, suggesting that common mechanisms underlying the functions of some of these genes could conceivably be leveraged to develop therapies not just for ... read more

Assessment of Total Choline Intakes in the United States

May 3, 2016 — Choline is an essential nutrient and plays a critical role in brain development, cell signaling, nerve impulse transmission, liver function, and maintenance of a healthy metabolism. Researchers have ... read more

No Evidence of an Association Between Silent Brain Infarcts and Having Migraine With Aura

May 3, 2016 — A large cross-sectional study focused on women with migraines with aura and compared their brain MRI images with those of women not suffering from migraine. No differences between these two groups of ... read more

Ebola Vaccine: Promising Phase I Trials

May 3, 2016 — The clinical phase I trial of a potential vaccine against the dreaded Ebola virus has been successfully completed at four partner sites in Africa and Europe. The safety of the tested vaccine ... read more

Scientists Reveal How Cell Corrects Errors Made in Gene Transcription

May 3, 2016 — The dynamics of the RNA polymerase II (Pol II) backtracking process is poorly understood. Scientists have now built a Markov State Model from extensive molecular dynamics simulations to identify ... read more

Giving Patients a Tool to Search for Health Care Prices Did Not Result in Lower Spending

May 3, 2016 — Offering a price transparency website and app to employees at two large companies was not associated with reduction in outpatient spending or out-of-pocket ... read more

Recurrent Viral Respiratory Tract Infections During First 6 Months and Risk of T1 Diabetes

May 3, 2016 — The associations between infection types during the first 2 years of life and between respiratory tract infections in the first 6 months and type l diabetes (T1D) have been the focus of recent ... read more

One in Four Patients With COPD Suffer from Depression

May 3, 2016 — One in four patients with COPD suffer from depressive symptoms, new research show, and if not treated, those symptoms can have a negative effect on their overall health and treatment ... read more

Placenta Size, Offspring Bone Development Linked

May 3, 2016 — A larger placenta during pregnancy could lead to larger bones in the children, a new study has shown. The study found that the relationship between the placenta and offspring bone remained robust ... read more

May 3, 2016 — Scientists raise are raising awareness that long-term use of herbal remedies is no guarantee of their safety. Herbal remedies are an overlooked global ... read more

May 3, 2016 — For the first time, researchers have imaged and identified the bond configuration of the intermediates in a complex sequence of chemical transformations of enediyne molecules on a silver surface and ... read more

Imodium Abuse: Anti-Diarrhea Medication Containing Loperamide Dangerous for Self-Treatment of Opiod Addiction

May 3, 2016 — The over-the-counter anti-diarrhea medication Imodium, or its key ingredient loperamide, is increasingly being abused by people attempting to self-treat their opioid addiction, with sometime fatal ... read more

Turn Up the Heat to Increase Altitude Tolerance

May 3, 2016 — Simple heat-based exercise can be just as effective as low-oxygen training to improve physical performance and altitude tolerance, new study reveals. The new work suggests that heat-based exercise ... read more

Watch Immune Cells 'Glue' Broken Blood Vessels Back Together

May 3, 2016 — As we age, tiny blood vessels in the brain stiffen and sometimes rupture, causing 'microbleeds.' This damage has been associated with neurodegenerative diseases and cognitive decline, but ... read more

Mother's Hepatitis B Supports Chronic Infection in Children, Study Finds

May 3, 2016 — Chronic hepatitis B infection could one day be cleared from a person's system with a series of shots. 'Hepatic macrophages' -- liver immune cells that eliminate foreign substances and ... read more

Extended Rest Between Weight-Lifting Sets Could Help Muscle Growth

May 3, 2016 — Researchers have found that extended rest intervals between sets of weight-lifting could help with muscle ... read more

Number of HIV Infections Falling in United States, but Fails to Meet Reduction Goals

May 3, 2016 — The number of new HIV infections occurring annually in the United States decreased by an estimated 11 percent from 2010 to 2015, while the HIV transmission rate decreased by an estimated 17 percent ... read more

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