Mind & Brain News
August 25, 2016

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August 25, 2016

We Are All 'Wired' for Addiction, Says Researcher

Aug. 24, 2016 — Drug addicts and non-addicts may have more in common than ever thought, according to a researcher who found that to some degree, everyone’s brain is “wired” to become ... read more

Mental Stress May Cause Reduced Blood Flow in Hearts of Young Women With Heart Disease

Aug. 24, 2016 — Mental stress may cause reduced blood flow in the heart muscle of younger women with heart disease. Younger women with heart disease are more susceptible to reduced blood flow from mental stress ... read more

Biomarkers May Help Better Predict Who Will Have a Stroke

Aug. 24, 2016 — People with high levels of four biomarkers in the blood may be more likely to develop a stroke than people with low levels of the biomarkers, according to a new ... read more

Tipped Out: Gratuities Present Challenges for Restaurant Operations

Aug. 24, 2016 — Tipping in restaurants is a widespread practice in need of reform, according to a new study. Investigators found that tipping poses significant challenges for restaurants, with managers seeing ... read more

HIV-Infected Adults With Depression Have Increased Risk for Heart Attack

Aug. 24, 2016 — Among more than 26,000 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults, those with major depressive disorder (MDD) were more likely to experience a heart attack than those without MDD, according ... read more

Study Shows Diabetes Treatment Helps Reduce Weight in Children With Autism

Aug. 24, 2016 — A drug that's been used for decades in the treatment of type 2 diabetes is proving effective in helping to control weight gain in children who are treated for autism spectrum disorder, according ... read more

Norwegian Prisons Rehabilitate Criminal Offenders

Aug. 24, 2016 — Criminals who are sentenced to prison are less prone to reoffend. They are also more likely to work, shows a new Norwegian ... read more

Childhood Head Injury Linked to Higher Risk of Poor Adult Mental Health and Life Chances

Aug. 24, 2016 — Childhood brain injuries, including concussions, are associated with an increased risk of subsequent mental illness, poor school attainment and premature death, according to a new ... read more

Do the Tools to Quantify Addiction Help to Define It?

Aug. 24, 2016 — Understanding what counts as an addiction, and what can be done to address it is the work of researchers across many disciplines. But what tools are used to ‘measure’ addiction, and are these ... read more

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

Aug. 24, 2016 — In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the ... read more

Direct and Active Parent Involvement Key to Healthy Living for Kids

Aug. 24, 2016 — Parents who directly and actively engage their children in healthy living behavior -- instead of passively 'supporting' the behavior -- are significantly more likely to see their kids meet ... read more

Evidence of Changes to Children's Brain Rhythms Following 'Brain Training'

Aug. 23, 2016 — New research questions the strong claims that have been made about the benefits of 'brain training' -- enhanced mental skills, a boost to education, improved clinical outcomes and sharper ... read more

Intravenous Glyburide Treatment May Reduce Dangerous Brain Swelling After Stroke

Aug. 23, 2016 — A phase 2 clinical trial of a drug that may alleviate brain swelling -- a dangerous stroke complication -- suggests the treatment may help reduce brain injury and death, and information from the ... read more

Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control -- dynamic changes in DNA methylation -- is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Faculty teaching in the STEM disciplines at large research universities are devising their own systems to collect instructional data from their classrooms and using that data to inform their ... read more

Relief for Epilepsy at the Scale of a Single Cell

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it. All this ... read more

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Long-Term Psychosocial Outcomes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Traumatic brain injury (TBI) during youth is associated with elevated risks of impaired adult functioning, according to a longitudinal study. The study demonstrates that children and adolescents ... read more

Why Are We So Afraid to Leave Children Alone?

Aug. 23, 2016 — Leaving a child unattended is considered taboo in today’s intensive parenting atmosphere, despite evidence that American children are safer than ever. So why are parents denying their children the ... read more

Teachers Favor Middle-Class Behaviors by Students

Aug. 23, 2016 — Sociologists have found that teachers often inadvertently translate students' class-based behaviors into unequal opportunities in school. Teachers favor middle-class students in various ways, ... read more

Guaranteed-Tuition Laws Inflating College Costs, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — While guaranteed-tuition laws, such as the one in Illinois, may provide predictability for incoming in-state students for their first four years, these mandates inadvertently trigger substantial ... read more

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