Mind & Brain News
August 30, 2016

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August 30, 2016

Antipsychotic Medications Linked to Increased Risk of Pneumonia in Persons With Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 30, 2016 — Antipsychotic medications are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to new research. The risk of pneumonia was the highest at the ... read more

Progress in Refining the Genetic Causes of Schizophrenia

Aug. 29, 2016 — An international study has made advances in understanding the ways in which genetic risk factors alter gene function in schizophrenia. The study combined genetic sequence information with measures of ... read more

Use It or Lose It: Stopping Exercise Decreases Brain Blood Flow

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers examined cerebral blood flow in master athletes (ages 50-80 years) before and after a 10-day period during which they stopped all exercise. Using MRI brain imaging techniques, they found ... read more

Majority of Older Adults in Jail Have Distressing Health Symptoms

Aug. 29, 2016 — According to the study, of the older inmates, 49 percent said they experience poor or fair health, 20 percent have chronic lung disease, and 54 percent have trouble performing daily activities such ... read more

Alzheimer's: Nicotinic Receptors as a New Therapeutic Target

Aug. 29, 2016 — Studies have indicated that nicotine may be beneficial for memory function. Scientists are set out to shed further light on the properties attributed to nicotine by determining the precise structure ... read more

Outpatient Bloodstream Infections Costly for Pediatric Transplant and Cancer Patients

Aug. 29, 2016 — Pediatric stem cell transplant and cancer patients often are discharged from the hospital with an external central venous line for medications that parents or other caregivers must clean and flush ... read more

ERs After Obamacare: More Patients, Fewer on-Call Specialists

Aug. 29, 2016 — The average monthly emergency department visit increased by 5.7 percent in Illinois after the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, although the population remained essentially flat. In ... read more

One in Two Users Click on Links from Unknown Senders

Aug. 29, 2016 — Most people know that e-mails and Facebook messages from unknown senders can contain dangerous links. However, many users still click on them and researchers have investigated why. The results: up to ... read more

Patients With Moderate to Severe TBI Twice as Likely to Die from an Unintentional Injury

Aug. 29, 2016 — Research examining adults with moderate to severe TBI who participated in rehabilitation showed that they were twice as likely to die from an unintentional injury that occurred following their TBI. ... read more

The Brain Performs Feats of Math to Make Sense of the World

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have found that the brain is quite good at rapidly and subconsciously calculating the likelihood of various events, and remain flexible enough to account for new information. They traced ... read more

Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Risk of Early Death in Cardiovascular Disease Patients

Aug. 29, 2016 — The Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of death in patients with a history of cardiovascular disease, according to results from the observational ... read more

iPads as Effective as Sedatives for Children Before Operations

Aug. 29, 2016 — New research shows that allowing children to use iPads to distract them before surgery requiring general anesthesia is as effective at lowering their anxiety as conventional ... read more

Parkinson's Study Could Pave Way for Early Detection Test

Aug. 29, 2016 — A test that can detect Parkinson's disease in the early stages of the illness has moved a step ... read more

New Oral Anticoagulants Provide Same Stroke Prevention as Warfarin but Cause Less Bleeding

Aug. 27, 2016 — The new oral anticoagulants provide the same stroke prevention as warfarin but cause less intracranial bleeding, reports an observational study in more than 43,000 ... read more

Alcohol-Related Hospitalization Associated With Doubled Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

Aug. 27, 2016 — Alcohol-related hospitalization is associated with a doubled risk of ischemic stroke risk in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, according to a new study. The observational study was ... read more

Smartphone Detects Atrial Fibrillation With Existing Hardware

Aug. 27, 2016 — Smartphones can be used to detect atrial fibrillation with existing hardware, according to new research. A low-cost application has been developed that uses the phone's own accelerometer and ... read more

Activity Tracker Uses Heart Rate to Personalize Amount of Exercise Needed to Prevent Early Death

Aug. 27, 2016 — A novel activity tracker has been developed that uses heart rate data to personalize the amount of exercise needed to reduce the risk of death from cardiovascular ... read more

Impulsivity Levels Help Identify at-Risk Offspring of Alcoholics

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. For this ... read more

Businesses That Show Commitment to Sustainability Inspire Greener Customers

Aug. 26, 2016 — Spending a little to prove a commitment to sustainability can help tourism industry businesses such as hotels inspire customers to conserve resources -- and save money in the process, according to ... read more

Visual Nudge Can Disrupt Recall of What Things Look Like

Aug. 26, 2016 — Interfering with your vision makes it harder to describe what you know about the appearance of even common objects, according to ... read more

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