Mind & Brain News
August 28, 2016

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August 28, 2016

Alcohol-Related Hospitalization Associated With Doubled Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

Aug. 27, 2016 — Alcohol-related hospitalization is associated with a doubled risk of ischemic stroke risk in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, according to a new study. The observational study was ... read more

Smartphone Detects Atrial Fibrillation With Existing Hardware

Aug. 27, 2016 — Smartphones can be used to detect atrial fibrillation with existing hardware, according to new research. A low-cost application has been developed that uses the phone's own accelerometer and ... read more

Impulsivity Levels Help Identify at-Risk Offspring of Alcoholics

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. For this ... read more

Businesses That Show Commitment to Sustainability Inspire Greener Customers

Aug. 26, 2016 — Spending a little to prove a commitment to sustainability can help tourism industry businesses such as hotels inspire customers to conserve resources -- and save money in the process, according to ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — Skin cells derived from autistic donors grew faster than those from control subjects, and activated their genes in distinct patterns, scientists report. Genes related to cell growth were unusually ... read more

Sertraline, Brand Named Zoloft, Improves Functioning in Young Children With Fragile X

Aug. 26, 2016 — Treatment with sertraline may provide nominal but important improvements in cognition and social participation in very young children with fragile X syndrome, the most common genetic cause of ... read more

Could the Paleo Diet Benefit Heart Health?

Aug. 26, 2016 — Findings from a small study suggest that people who followed the Paleo diet for only eight weeks experienced positive effects on heart ... read more

Bacteria in Smokeless Tobacco Products May Be a Health Concern

Aug. 26, 2016 — Several species of bacteria found in smokeless tobacco products have been associated with opportunistic infections, according to a new paper. An estimated 8 million people use smokeless tobacco ... read more

Next Steps in Understanding Brain Function

Aug. 26, 2016 — As scientists around the globe join efforts to understand brain function, we enter the era of Big Data and stir up debate on how science is done and how it can affect us ... read more

Banning Tobacco Sales Near Schools Could Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities, New Study Shows

Aug. 26, 2016 — Banning tobacco sales within 1,000 feet of schools could reduce socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in tobacco density across neighborhoods, according to a ... read more

Stiff Arteries Linked With Memory Problems, Mouse Study Suggests

Aug. 26, 2016 — Using a new mouse model, researchers have found that stiffer arteries can also negatively affect memory and other critical brain processes. The findings may eventually reveal how arterial stiffness ... read more

Sights Set on the Next Generation of Shuttle Peptides to Target the Brain

Aug. 26, 2016 — There is a new and emerging field of drug transporters that have the capacity to reach the brain more efficiently, say researchers, bringing together chemistry, pharmacy and ... read more

Scientists Shed New Light on the Role of Calcium in Learning, Memory

Aug. 26, 2016 — While calcium’s importance for our bones and teeth is well known, its role in neurons—in particular, its effects on processes such as learning and memory—has been less well defined. A new study ... read more

Physician Advice to Patients on E-Cigarettes Varies, Reveals Knowledge Gaps, Study Shows

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers analyzed an online medical forum to better understand what patients want to know about e-cigarettes and how doctors respond to those ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — Chemists have significantly improved upon the synthesis of a molecule related to muscle and neuronal function. A research team has been busy trying to crack the puzzle of the insecticide ryanodine, a ... read more

Neuroscientists Stand Up for Basic Cell Biology Research

Aug. 25, 2016 — Clinical trials and translational medicine have certainly given people hope and rapid pathways to cures for some of humankind's most troublesome diseases, but now is not the time to overlook the ... read more

Factors That Might Attract Children to Marijuana Edibles

Aug. 25, 2016 — A new report identifies factors that make food attractive to children. Commissioned by the state Liquor and Cannabis Board, the report studied research on what makes food appeal to children and the ... read more

Investigating the Relationship Between Low Physical Activity and Psychotic Symptoms

Aug. 25, 2016 — Physical activity can help reduce cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with psychological problems. However, there is limited data on exercise in people with serious mental ... read more

Digital Forms of Dating Violence Are on the Rise: What School Nurses Need to Know

Aug. 25, 2016 — Many teens experience physical or sexual abuse within their romantic relationships and now dating violence can also be perpetrated digitally by harassing, stalking or controlling a romantic partner ... read more

Virtual Peer Pressure Works Just as Well as the Real Thing

Aug. 25, 2016 — Peer pressure is a proven social motivator. Researchers probed this decidedly human attribute and found that not only is virtual pressure from a computer-simulated peer just as motivating as the real ... read more

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