Mind & Brain News
August 24, 2016

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August 24, 2016

Tipped Out: Gratuities Present Challenges for Restaurant Operations

Aug. 24, 2016 — Tipping in restaurants is a widespread practice in need of reform, according to a new study. Investigators found that tipping poses significant challenges for restaurants, with managers seeing ... read more

Norwegian Prisons Rehabilitate Criminal Offenders

Aug. 24, 2016 — Criminals who are sentenced to prison are less prone to reoffend. They are also more likely to work, shows a new Norwegian ... read more

Do the Tools to Quantify Addiction Help to Define It?

Aug. 24, 2016 — Understanding what counts as an addiction, and what can be done to address it is the work of researchers across many disciplines. But what tools are used to ‘measure’ addiction, and are these ... read more

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

Aug. 24, 2016 — In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the ... read more

Direct and Active Parent Involvement Key to Healthy Living for Kids

Aug. 24, 2016 — Parents who directly and actively engage their children in healthy living behavior -- instead of passively 'supporting' the behavior -- are significantly more likely to see their kids meet ... read more

Evidence of Changes to Children's Brain Rhythms Following 'Brain Training'

Aug. 23, 2016 — New research questions the strong claims that have been made about the benefits of 'brain training' -- enhanced mental skills, a boost to education, improved clinical outcomes and sharper ... read more

Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control -- dynamic changes in DNA methylation -- is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Faculty teaching in the STEM disciplines at large research universities are devising their own systems to collect instructional data from their classrooms and using that data to inform their ... read more

Relief for Epilepsy at the Scale of a Single Cell

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it. All this ... read more

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Long-Term Psychosocial Outcomes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Traumatic brain injury (TBI) during youth is associated with elevated risks of impaired adult functioning, according to a longitudinal study. The study demonstrates that children and adolescents ... read more

Why Are We So Afraid to Leave Children Alone?

Aug. 23, 2016 — Leaving a child unattended is considered taboo in today’s intensive parenting atmosphere, despite evidence that American children are safer than ever. So why are parents denying their children the ... read more

Teachers Favor Middle-Class Behaviors by Students

Aug. 23, 2016 — Sociologists have found that teachers often inadvertently translate students' class-based behaviors into unequal opportunities in school. Teachers favor middle-class students in various ways, ... read more

Guaranteed-Tuition Laws Inflating College Costs, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — While guaranteed-tuition laws, such as the one in Illinois, may provide predictability for incoming in-state students for their first four years, these mandates inadvertently trigger substantial ... read more

How Sleep Deprivation Harms Memory

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have discovered a piece in the puzzle of how sleep deprivation negatively affects ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Music can have important effects on the cooperative spirits of those exposed to music, researchers report. A new article describes two studies they conducted to test the effect of different types of ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers from the epicenter of the current Zika virus outbreak have released a report on imaging findings in babies and fetuses infected with the Zika virus. Zika virus is most dangerous when ... read more

Multivariate Analysis Improves on Cognitive Testing in Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Multivariate analysis of cognitive tests in Alzheimer's disease identifies five distinct groups of Alzheimer's disease patients, and suggests that multivitamins might slow progression only ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers used biomechanical sensors to investigate exposure to head impacts during practice sessions and games in 9- to 11-year-olds engaged in a youth football program. A higher proportion of ... read more

Study Finds Changes to Retirement Savings System May Exacerbate Economic Inequality

Aug. 23, 2016 — A shift to defined-contribution retirement plans, such as 401(k) plans, has led to an income and education gap in pension savings that could exacerbate future economic inequality, according to a ... read more

Private Detention of Immigrants Deters Family Visits, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — Immigrants detained in a privately run detention facility while awaiting deportation decisions are far less likely than those held in county or city jails to receive visits from their children, a new ... read more

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