Mind & Brain News
September 1, 2016

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September 1, 2016

Military Should Address Gender Stereotypes When Integrating Combat Roles, Study Finds

Aug. 31, 2016 — Even though the U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter earlier this year formally opened all combat jobs to women, based on focus groups with soldiers researchers say the U.S. military needs to work on ... read more

High Rates of Suicide and Self-Harm Among Transgender Youth

Aug. 31, 2016 — In a new study, 30 percent of transgender youth report a history of at least one suicide attempt, and nearly 42 percent report a history of self-injury, such as cutting. The study also discovered a ... read more

Scientists Discover Noninvasive Technique to Monitor Migraines

Aug. 31, 2016 — New UBC research has found that amplified electroencephalograms can produce diagnostic results of a brainwave associated with migraines and epilepsy that are comparable to the current, more invasive, ... read more

Pure Oxygen in High-Pressure Chamber Relieves Symptoms of Opiate Withdrawal in Mice

Aug. 31, 2016 — A pharmacologist gave morphine-addicted mice pure pressurized oxygen before they began withdrawal from the drug. The mice had far less severe withdrawal symptoms than addicted mice that did not ... read more

Major Step Towards Alzheimer's Blood Test

Aug. 31, 2016 — A research team has made a significant step towards the development of a simple blood test to predict the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. The group studied blood from 292 individuals with the ... read more

Potential New Treatment for Cocaine Addiction

Aug. 31, 2016 — A promising new drug treatment for cocaine addiction has been discovered by researchers. The experimental therapy, which involves administering a drug currently used in cancer therapy trials, treats ... read more

Scientists Show That 'Superman' Disguise Could Actually Work

Aug. 31, 2016 — Small alterations to a person’s appearance, such as wearing glasses, can significantly hinder positive facial identification, new research ... read more

Nonwork Orientations Are Related to Higher Career and Life Satisfaction

Aug. 31, 2016 — When planning a career, many people take nonwork orientations into account, such as family, personal interests and civic engagement. Psychologists have found out that people who strongly consider the ... read more

Dopamine: Far More Than Just the 'Happy Hormone'

Aug. 31, 2016 — Dopamine is a so-called messenger substance or neurotransmitter that conveys signals between neurons. It not only controls mental and emotional responses but also motor reactions. Dopamine is ... read more

Pros and Cons of Supplementary Materials in Scientific Publishing

Aug. 31, 2016 — The ascendance of the Internet has changed academic publishing in ways that scientists are still adjusting to. A new commentary examines the costs and benefits of supplementary materials, which are ... read more

Cognitive Behavior Therapy Could Be Key for Children With Autism Getting Enough Sleep

Aug. 30, 2016 — Experts believe that a family-based cognitive behavioral therapy may be the key for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who have problems ... read more

Data Shows Increasing Political Polarization on Climate Change

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new article discusses increasing partisan polarization of American attitudes towards climate change. The article details the escalation of partisan polarization, particularly towards environmental ... read more

Neural Factors That Predict Adolescent Alcohol Use

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers have identified 34 neural factors that predict adolescent alcohol consumption. The list, based upon complex algorithms analyzing data from neuropsychological testing and neuroimaging ... read more

Smokers More Prone to Bowel Condition Relapses, Study Suggests

Aug. 30, 2016 — Smoking is strongly linked to relapse of a serious bowel condition, research has confirmed. People with Crohn's disease are more likely to experience a recurrence after surgery if they continue ... read more

Bipolar Adolescents Continue to Have Elevated Substance Use Disorder Risk as Young Adults

Aug. 30, 2016 — A follow up to a previous study finding an association between adolescent bipolar disorder and the incidence of cigarette smoking and substance use disorder finds that risk was even greater five ... read more

'Morning People' Self-Sabotage Less at Night, Night Owls' Less at Sunrise

Aug. 30, 2016 — A study by psychological researchers shows that people are more likely to undermine their performance at stressful tasks when they're operating at 'peak capacity' based on their ... read more

Friends Are No Better Than Strangers in Accurately Identifying Emotion in Emails

Aug. 30, 2016 — Friends are no better at interpreting correct emotional intent in emails than complete strangers, new research indicates. The researchers found that writers are more confident their friends can ... read more

Peers, Public Perception Influence Firefighters Against Safety Equipment

Aug. 30, 2016 — Interviews conducted across the country found that firefighters are often influenced by both colleagues and the public's perception of them as risk-takers when choosing whether or not to use ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A research team has identified the pain transmission mechanism at the molecular level and presented new solutions for the understanding of pain signals and the development of pain ... read more

Single Women With Personal Wealth More Likely to Become Entrepreneurs Than Men

Aug. 30, 2016 — There is a big difference in cash flow problems faced by men and women in the UK, a new economic study has found. They found single women face more severe constraints to their incomings and ... read more

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