Mind & Brain News
August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

High Rates of Suicide and Self-Harm Among Transgender Youth

Aug. 31, 2016 — In a new study, 30 percent of transgender youth report a history of at least one suicide attempt, and nearly 42 percent report a history of self-injury, such as cutting. The study also discovered a ... read more

Pros and Cons of Supplementary Materials in Scientific Publishing

Aug. 31, 2016 — The ascendance of the Internet has changed academic publishing in ways that scientists are still adjusting to. A new commentary examines the costs and benefits of supplementary materials, which are ... read more

Data Shows Increasing Political Polarization on Climate Change

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new article discusses increasing partisan polarization of American attitudes towards climate change. The article details the escalation of partisan polarization, particularly towards environmental ... read more

'Morning People' Self-Sabotage Less at Night, Night Owls' Less at Sunrise

Aug. 30, 2016 — A study by psychological researchers shows that people are more likely to undermine their performance at stressful tasks when they're operating at 'peak capacity' based on their ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A research team has identified the pain transmission mechanism at the molecular level and presented new solutions for the understanding of pain signals and the development of pain ... read more

Single Women With Personal Wealth More Likely to Become Entrepreneurs Than Men

Aug. 30, 2016 — There is a big difference in cash flow problems faced by men and women in the UK, a new economic study has found. They found single women face more severe constraints to their incomings and ... read more

Caffeine and Its Analogues Counteract Memory Deficits by Normalizing Stress Responses in the Brain

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study describes the mechanism by which caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals. The study shows that the abnormal expression of a particular receptor -- adenosine A2A, a ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Our brains have a detailed picture of our hands and fingers, and that persists even decades after an amputation, researchers have found. The finding could have implications for the control of next ... read more

Antipsychotic Medications Linked to Increased Risk of Pneumonia in Persons With Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 30, 2016 — Antipsychotic medications are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to new research. The risk of pneumonia was the highest at the ... read more

New iPad Game Could Help Diagnose Autism in Children

Aug. 30, 2016 — Autism could be diagnosed by allowing children to play games on smart phones and tablets, a study has found. Researchers used fun iPad games to track players’ hand movements – gathering ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — When you try to find your way in a new place, your brain creates a spatial map that represents that environment. Neuroscientists now show that the brain’s ‘navigation system’ is not only active ... read more

Cell Phone Conversations Hinder Child Pedestrian Crossing Abilities

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study from one of the world's most sophisticated traffic research facilities enables researchers to measure pedestrian reactions to virtual reality scenarios. Researchers have determined ... read more

People With Alcohol Dependency Lack Important Enzyme

Aug. 30, 2016 — A research group has identified an enzyme whose production is turned off in nerve cells of the frontal lobe when alcohol dependence develops. The deficiency in this enzyme leads to continued use of ... read more

Critical Protein Shows Promise for the Treatment of Alzheimer's

Aug. 30, 2016 — In new research, researchers examine p62 -- a critical protein associated with tell-tale symptoms of Alzheimer's. The study demonstrates for the first time that p62 may have a role in reversing ... read more

Progress in Refining the Genetic Causes of Schizophrenia

Aug. 29, 2016 — An international study has made advances in understanding the ways in which genetic risk factors alter gene function in schizophrenia. The study combined genetic sequence information with measures of ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Scientists found high concentrations of toxins linked to neurodegenerative diseases in the fins and muscles of 10 species of sharks. The research team suggests that restricting consumption of sharks ... read more

Characteristic Chemical Signature for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Identified

Aug. 29, 2016 — Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a mysterious and maddening condition, with no cure or known cause. But researchers, using a variety of techniques to identify and assess targeted metabolites in ... read more

Radiologists Detect Breast Cancer in 'Blink of an Eye'

Aug. 29, 2016 — Visual attention researchers showed radiologists mammograms for half a second and found that they could identify abnormal mammograms at better than chance levels. They further tested this ability ... read more

Use It or Lose It: Stopping Exercise Decreases Brain Blood Flow

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers examined cerebral blood flow in master athletes (ages 50-80 years) before and after a 10-day period during which they stopped all exercise. Using MRI brain imaging techniques, they found ... read more

Majority of Older Adults in Jail Have Distressing Health Symptoms

Aug. 29, 2016 — According to the study, of the older inmates, 49 percent said they experience poor or fair health, 20 percent have chronic lung disease, and 54 percent have trouble performing daily activities such ... read more

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