Mind & Brain News
August 23, 2016

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August 23, 2016

Study Finds Changes to Retirement Savings System May Exacerbate Economic Inequality

Aug. 23, 2016 — A shift to defined-contribution retirement plans, such as 401(k) plans, has led to an income and education gap in pension savings that could exacerbate future economic inequality, according to a ... read more

Private Detention of Immigrants Deters Family Visits, Study Finds

Aug. 23, 2016 — Immigrants detained in a privately run detention facility while awaiting deportation decisions are far less likely than those held in county or city jails to receive visits from their children, a new ... read more

Infants Develop Early Understanding of Social Nature of Food

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study finds infants develop expectations about what people prefer to eat, providing early evidence of the social nature through which humans understand ... read more

Fussy Infants Find Food More Rewarding, Putting Them at Higher Risk for Obesity

Aug. 22, 2016 — Babies that seem to get upset more easily and take longer to calm down may be at higher risk for obesity while babies that exhibit more 'cuddliness' and calm down easily are less likely at ... read more

Many Stroke Patients Experience Delays in Seeking and Receiving Care

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study reveals that many patients are not aware that they are having a stroke when they are experiencing ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — Scientists have demonstrated the role of lysosomal vesicles in transporting alpha-synuclein aggregates, responsible for Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases, between neurons. These ... read more

Management Actions to Combat Recessions Could Compromise the Performance Effects of Empowerment

Aug. 22, 2016 — Wage and employment freezes and other actions taken to combat recessions may compromise the positive effect that employee empowerment may have on staff morale and in turn ... read more

Watching a Lot of TV Makes You More Susceptible to Everyday Myths

Aug. 22, 2016 — People who watch a lot of television are more likely to be susceptible to everyday myths -- irrespective of their age, education or gender. This is the basic finding of a media study. In the recent ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study suggests that people who participate in regular religious acts send a clear signal to others that they're ready and willing to contribute to their communities. A researcher spent two ... read more

Why Prisons Continue to Grow, Even When Crime Declines

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study may help explain why the number of people in prison in the United States continued to rise, even as the crime rate declined significantly. A sociologist found that the US criminal justice ... read more

Lousy Jobs Hurt Your Health by the Time You're in Your 40s

Aug. 22, 2016 — Job satisfaction in your late 20s and 30s has a link to overall health in your early 40s, according to a new nationwide ... read more

One Approach Can Prevent Teen Obesity, Eating Disorders, New Guidelines Say

Aug. 22, 2016 — A single approach can prevent both obesity and eating disorders in teenagers, according to new ... read more

Does Owning a Well Foster Environmental Citizenship? A New Study Provides Evidence

Aug. 22, 2016 — Kansans who own water wells show more awareness of state water policy issues than those who rely on municipal water supplies, according to a study that could have implications for groundwater ... read more

Ramen Noodles Supplanting Cigarettes as Currency Among Prisoners

Aug. 22, 2016 — Ramen noodles are supplanting the once popular cigarettes as a form of currency among state prisoners, but not in response to bans on tobacco products within prison systems, finds a new ... read more

Beginning Pornography Use Associated With Increase in Probability of Divorce

Aug. 22, 2016 — Beginning pornography use is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of divorce for married Americans, and this increase is especially large for women, finds a new ... read more

Great Recession's Other Legacy: Inconsistent Work Hours

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study finds that an unpredictable work week is the norm for growing numbers of low-wage workers -- nearly 40 percent of whom worked variable hours for at least one four-month period after the ... read more

Greater Academic Achievement in High School Increases Likelihood of Moving Away

Aug. 22, 2016 — High school students who completed higher levels of math, performed better academically, and had a greater sense of control of their future were more likely to migrate and work in labor markets with ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — In a classic experiment, Ivan Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate at the ringing of a bell. Now, scientists can see what happens in the brains of live animals during this experiment with a new ... read more

Color-Graded Pictogram Label to Reduce Medicine-Related Traffic Crashes Found Ineffective

Aug. 21, 2016 — A new study questions the effectiveness of using pictogram message on the labels of anxiety and sleep medications that interfere with driving -- an approach this is currently implemented across ... read more

Trust Is Key Motivator for Individuals Who Protest on Behalf of People Different from Them

Aug. 21, 2016 — It appears that people who actively participate in demonstrations during social movements on behalf of those dissimilar to them do so for two important ... read more

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