Matter & Energy News
July 26, 2016

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July 26, 2016

Fermenting Carbon Monoxide Into Biofuel

July 26, 2016 — Biological engineers have deciphered the cellular strategy to make the biofuel ethanol, using an anaerobic microbe feeding on carbon monoxide -- a common industrial waste ... read more

Better Defining the Signals Left by as-Yet-Undefined Dark Matter at the LHC

July 26, 2016 — Physicists still don't exactly know what dark matter is. Indeed, they can only see its effect in the form of gravity. Now, the high energy physics community has developed a set of simplified ... read more

Asymmetrical Magnetic Microbeads Transform Into Micro-Robots

July 26, 2016 — Janus particles are asymmetrical microscopic spheres with both a magnetic and a non-magnetic half. A new study reveals that the dynamics of such assemblies can be predicted by modelling the ... read more

Streetcar Tracks Increase Risk of Bike Crashes

July 26, 2016 — One-third of bike crashes in Toronto's downtown involved the city's streetcar tracks, according to a new study that suggests that separated bike routes could reduce risk to ... read more

Bio-Engineered Molecule Shows Promise for Quick Control of Bleeding

July 25, 2016 — Hematology researchers have developed a novel genetically engineered clotting factor that can control bleeding in animal models. If the factor proves effective in humans, it may provide a ... read more

July 25, 2016 — Scientists has developed a novel way to produce two-dimensional nanosheets by separating bulk materials with nontoxic liquid nitrogen. The environmentally friendly process generates a 20-fold ... read more

'Watching' Crystal Structure Change in Real Time

July 25, 2016 — Rresearchers have met the long-standing scientific challenge of watching a material change its crystal structure in real ... read more

Building a Moebius Strip of Good Vibrations

July 25, 2016 — Physicists have created something similar to a Moebius strip of moving energy between two vibrating objects, opening the door to novel forms of control over waves in acoustics, laser optics, and ... read more

July 25, 2016 — Theoretical physicists have analyzed the electronic consequences of creating circuits in two dimensions by simulating the juxtaposition of different atom-thick materials like graphene and hexagonal ... read more

Self-Healing Textiles Not Only Repair Themselves, but Can Neutralize Chemicals

July 25, 2016 — Someday, chemically protective suits made of fabric coated in self-healing, thin films may prevent farmers from exposure to organophosphate pesticides, soldiers from chemical or biological attacks in ... read more

July 25, 2016 — A research team delivers drug, gene, and light-based therapy directly to tumor sites, with promising results, reports a new ... read more

'Exceptional Points' Give Rise to Counterintuitive Physical Effects

July 25, 2016 — No matter whether it is acoustic waves, quantum matter waves or optical waves of a laser -- all kinds of waves can be in different states of oscillation, corresponding to different frequencies. ... read more

July 25, 2016 — Moisture can destroy mortar over time -- for example when cracks form as a result of frost. A team of scientists has found an unusual way to protect mortar from moisture: When the material is being ... read more

A Bioink by Any Other Name: Clarifying Definitions in 3-D Bioprinting

July 25, 2016 — A new article defines key terms associated with bioinks and ... read more

July 25, 2016 — A team of researchers has discovered that the Mg-Sc alloy shows shape memory properties. Shape memory alloys (SMAs) show distinctive behaviors such as shape recovery upon heating and have a ... read more

July 25, 2016 — As the world’s population continues to grow, so does our consumption of natural resources. Many of these resources are non-renewable, so research into renewable sources of energy is vital. New ... read more

Painless and Inexpensive Microneedle System to Monitor Drugs

July 25, 2016 — Researchers have created a microneedle drug monitoring system that could one day replace costly, invasive blood draws and improve patient ... read more

Unlocking the Secret to Cheaper Solar Power

July 25, 2016 — As climate change garners more attention around the world, scientists have made critical advances in understanding the physical properties of an emerging class of solar cells that have the potential ... read more

July 25, 2016 — Scientists are developing more highly sensitive devices for the detection of biological and chemical ... read more

E-Cigarette Nicotine Labels Not Always Accurate

July 22, 2016 — A study found that 51 percent of labels on e-cigarette liquid nicotine containers from 16 North Dakota stores don’t accurately reflect the levels of nicotine found in the products. In one instance, ... read more

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