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Matter & Energy News
March 1, 2017

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More Matter & Energy News
March 1, 2017

Synthetic Tooth Enamel May Lead to More Resilient Structures

Mar. 1, 2017 — Unavoidable vibrations, such as those on airplanes, cause rigid structures to age and crack, but researchers may have an answer for that -- design them more like tooth enamel, which could lead to ... read more

Mar. 1, 2017 — Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the ... read more

Mar. 1, 2017 — How do tumours grow? And how do bacteria transform harmless substances into medical agents? When biophysicists want to understand what is happening in living cells, they have to introduce fluorescent ... read more

Mammography Trends Show Improved Cancer Detection, More Biopsies

Feb. 28, 2017 — The shift from film to digital technology appears to have improved cancer detection rates for diagnostic mammography, but also has increased the abnormal interpretation rate, which may lead to more ... read more

Feb. 28, 2017 — How do molecules rotate in a solvent? Answering this question is a complicated task since the rotation is perturbed by a large number of surrounding atoms, requiring large-scale computer simulations ... read more

Pacemaker Function May Be Impacted by Electric Appliances; Tools

Feb. 27, 2017 — Electric and magnetic fields generated from everyday household appliances, electrical tools and more, used in very close proximity to the body, can interfere with the ability of pacemakers to ... read more

Light Beam Replaces Blood Test During Heart Surgery

Feb. 27, 2017 — Light beamed into a patient's blood through an optical fiber can determine whether blood is clotting during an operation, continuously and in real time. Researchers believe it could take the ... read more

Finer Raw Cotton Best for Oil Spill Remediation, Collaborative Research Shows

Feb. 27, 2017 — Cotton, a longtime staple crop on the South Plains and major part of the region’s economy, is growing into a new sector: environmental cleanup following oil spills. Now a new study concludes that ... read more

Feb. 27, 2017 — Nanoclusters of magnesium oxide sandwiched between layers of graphene make a compound with unique electronic and optical properties, according to researchers who built computer simulations of the ... read more

Feb. 27, 2017 — A research team has improved an important catalytic reaction commonly used in the oil and gas industries. The innovation could lead to dramatic energy savings and reduced pollution, they ... read more

How Protein Misfolding May Kickstart Chemical Evolution

Feb. 27, 2017 — Researchers have demonstrated a connection between abnormal protein folding and the potential to kickstart chemical ... read more

Feb. 27, 2017 — Researchers examined whether new industrial applications could be developed for various types of sludge and fly ash generated by the paper and board ... read more

Feb. 27, 2017 — The most prevalent method for obtaining images of clogged coronary vessels is coronary angiography. For some patients, however, the contrast agents used in this process can cause health problems. A ... read more

How Donut-Shaped Fusion Plasmas Managed to Decrease Adverse Turbulence

Feb. 27, 2017 — Researchers give a historical perspective outlining how our gradual understanding of improved confinement regimes for what are referred to as toroidal fusion plasmas -- confined in a donut shape ... read more

Smart Multi-Layered Magnetic Material Acts as an Electric Switch

Feb. 27, 2017 — The nanometric-size islands of magnetic metal sporadically spread between vacuum gaps display unique conductive properties under a magnetic field. In a recent study researchers found that the vacuum ... read more

Feb. 27, 2017 — Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENG) convert mechanical energy harvested from the environment to electricity for powering small devices such as sensors or for recharging consumer electronics. Now, ... read more

Feb. 27, 2017 — Mechanochromic luminescent (MCL) materials change their color in response to a change in their environment, like pressure and temperature. To date, most MCL materials only change between two colors, ... read more

Feb. 27, 2017 — Chemical compounds that emit light are used in a variety of different materials, from glow-in-the-dark children’s toys to LED lights to light-emitting sensors. As the demand for these compounds ... read more

Feb. 27, 2017 — A super-material that bends, shapes and focuses sound waves that pass through it has been invented by scientists, outlines a new ... read more

Feb. 25, 2017 — Cutting-edge research and development can help solve some of the challenges associated with drug delivery, say ... read more

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