Matter & Energy News
April 27, 2017

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April 27, 2017

Apr. 26, 2017 — Two physicists have offered a way to mathematically describe a particular physics phenomenon called a phase transition in a system out of equilibrium. Such phenomena are central in physics, and ... read more

Apr. 26, 2017 — A new approach to increase resolution of multichannel spectrometers has now been developed by a team of ... read more

Synthetic Two-Sided Gecko's Foot Could Enable Underwater Robotics

Apr. 26, 2017 — Geckos are well known for effortlessly scrambling up walls and upside down across ceilings. Even in slippery rain forests, the lizards maintain their grip. Now scientists have created a double-sided ... read more

The Automation of Art: A Legal Conundrum

Apr. 26, 2017 — Deep Neural Networks are systems that are able to simulate human perception by 'memorizing' complex patterns on a mathematical level. One application for this is in the arts, where these ... read more

Nanodiamond-Enhanced MRI Offers Greater Range of Diagnostic, Therapeutic Applications

Apr. 26, 2017 — A new means of noninvasively tracking nanodiamonds with magnetic resonance imaging has been developed by researchers, opening up a host of new ... read more

Nanoparticles Can Travel from Lungs to Blood, Possibly Explaining Risks to Heart

Apr. 26, 2017 — Tiny particles in air pollution have been associated with cardiovascular disease, which can lead to premature death. But how particles inhaled into the lungs can affect blood vessels and the heart ... read more

New Method Addresses Reproducibility in Computational Experiments

Apr. 25, 2017 — Scientists have developed a workflow management system that addresses irreproducibility when analyzing large genomics datasets with computers. Nextflow contributes to establishing good scientific ... read more

India's Outsized Coal Plans Would Wipe out Paris Climate Goals

Apr. 25, 2017 — India will not be able to meet its Paris climate agreement commitments in the coming years if it carries through with plans to construct nearly 370 coal-fired power plants, according to ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — One of the major culprits in capacity fade of high-energy lithium-ion batteries has now been identified by a team of ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Whey protein nanofibrils loaded with iron nanoparticles. Now researchers are developing a new and highly effective way of fortifying iron into food and ... read more

New Interface Allows More Efficient, Faster Technique to Remotely Operate Robots

Apr. 25, 2017 — A new interface allows users to simply point and click on an item, then choose a grasp, to control a robot ... read more

A More Than 100% Quantum Step Toward Producing Hydrogen Fuel

Apr. 25, 2017 — Efforts to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels are advancing on various significant fronts. Initiatives include research focused on more efficient production of gaseous hydrogen fuel by using solar ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Researchers have created a diode out of a 1 nm-sized single molecule with high rectification ratios. Diodes, commonly used in in everyday electronic devices, allow current to flow in one direction ... read more

Modeling Reveals How Policy Affects Adoption of Solar Energy Photovoltaics in California

Apr. 25, 2017 — Researchers inspired by efforts to promote green energy, are exploring the factors driving commercial customers in Southern California, both large and small, to purchase and install solar ... read more

Understanding the Correct Architectures of IMM Proteins

Apr. 25, 2017 — Scientists have developed a new technique to understand the correct architectures of IMM proteins, using special chemical ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — How lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries behave under short-circuit conditions can now be examined using a new approach to help improve reliability and ... read more

Pathway for Generating Up to 10 Terawatts of Power from Sunlight by 2030

Apr. 25, 2017 — The annual potential of solar energy far exceeds the world's energy consumption, but the goal of using the sun to provide a significant fraction of global electricity demand is far from being ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — A chemistry professor has just found a way to trigger the process of photosynthesis in a synthetic material, turning greenhouse gases into clean air and producing energy all at the same time. The ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — A new system could make it possible to control the way water moves over a surface, using only light. This advance may open the door to technologies such as microfluidic diagnostic devices whose ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Scientists model the formation of multivalleys in semiconductor microcavities, bringing new ideas to the emerging valleytronics ... read more

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