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Matter & Energy News
October 27, 2016

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updated 8:40am EDT

More Matter & Energy News
October 27, 2016

How Often Do Quantum Systems Violate the Second Law of Thermodynamics?

Oct. 25, 2016 — The likelihood of seeing quantum systems violating the second law of thermodynamics has been calculated by scientists. The team determined a more precise version of a basic law of physics - which ... read more

Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds Diffuse Between Atmospheric Particles

Oct. 24, 2016 — Semi-volatile organic compounds can readily diffuse into the billions of tiny atmospheric particles that inhabit the air, easily moving among them, researchers have discovered. The findings provide ... read more

Oct. 24, 2016 — A novel coating they made with antibiotic-releasing nanofibers has the potential to better prevent at least some serious bacterial infections related to total joint replacement surgery, scientists ... read more

Oct. 24, 2016 — Most white-hat hackers believe hackers will exploit cyber vulnerabilities to remotely access connected vehicles. One objective by security experts is to identify key vehicle cybersecurity challenges ... read more

Oct. 24, 2016 — A new family of self-assembled nanomaterials capable of storing large amounts of tensile strain, without damage to the crystalline structure, is currently being developed by ... read more

Oct. 24, 2016 — For many people, nanotechnology belongs in the realm of science fiction. Researchers have solved the mystery of the blue sheen on the leaves of some begonias and have found that their chloroplasts ... read more

Oct. 24, 2016 — The first entirely 3D-printed organ-on-a-chip has now been created with integrated sensing.  Built by a fully automated, digital manufacturing procedure, the 3D-printed heart-on-a-chip can be ... read more

Oct. 24, 2016 — Directed motion seems simple to us, but the coordinated interplay of complex processes is needed, even for seemingly simple crawling motions of worms or snails. By using a gel that periodically ... read more

Personalized Prescription Tool Could Help to Combat Antibiotic Resistance

Oct. 24, 2016 — A new device is under development to diagnose viral and bacterial infections. The device uses genetically engineered bacteria to detect bacterial infections in blood samples. The new tool could lead ... read more

Oct. 24, 2016 — Experts have succeeded in the development of flexible optical design method for superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SSPDs or SNSPDs). This technique enables SSPDs with a broadband high ... read more

Is Energy Storage Via Pumped Hydro Systems Is Possible on a Very Small Scale?

Oct. 24, 2016 — Pumped-storage hydroelectricity systems are to be found throughout the world, but always on a large scale. Researchers investigated whether energy storage via pumped hydro systems is possible on a ... read more

First Steps Towards the Touch Robot

Oct. 24, 2016 — A squeeze in the arm, a pat on the shoulder, or a slap in the face – touch is an important part of the social interaction between people. Social touch, however, is a relatively unknown field when ... read more

World-First Demonstration of Virtualized 5G Architecture

Oct. 24, 2016 — The University of Surrey's 5GIC (part of the Institute for Communications Systems) has -- for the first time worldwide -- produced a full demonstration of its FDC, which points to a significant ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — For the first time, an experiment has directly imaged electron orbits in a high-magnetic field, illuminating an unusual collective behavior in electrons and suggesting new ways of manipulating the ... read more

Measuring the Forces of Biology

Oct. 21, 2016 — Biology, at the nitty-gritty level of motor proteins, DNA, and microtubules, takes its cue from physics. But while much is known about the biological components that form such cellular stuctures, ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — Scientists and engineers recently made a leap forward in the pursuit of clean energy. The team set a new world record for plasma pressure in an Alcator C-Mod tokamak nuclear fusion reactor. Plasma ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — Hydrogen (H2) is an extremely simple molecule and yet a valuable raw material which as a result of the development of sophisticated catalysts is becoming more and more important. In industry and ... read more

When Quantum Scale Affects the Way Atoms Emit and Absorb Particles of Light

Oct. 21, 2016 — In 1937, US physicist Isidor Rabi introduced a simple model to describe how atoms emit and absorb particles of light. Until now, this model had still not been completely explained. In a recent ... read more

How to Tune Thermal Conductivity of 2D Materials

Oct. 21, 2016 — Researchers have found an unexpected way to control the thermal conductivity of two-dimensional (2-D) materials, which will allow electronics designers to dissipate heat in electronic devices that ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — Engineers are developing cheap, energy-efficient lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles from silicon in diatomaceous earth. The research could lead to the development of ultra-high capacity ... read more

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