Biotechnology News
February 13, 2016

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updated 12:22pm EST

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February 13, 2016

New Imaging Technique Shows How DNA Is Protected at Chromosomes' Ends

Feb. 11, 2016 — A new imaging technique has allowed researchers to see how DNA loops around a protein that aids in the formation of a special structure in telomeres. Telomeres are essentially caps on the ends of ... read more

New Target Found in Search for New, More Effective Herbicide

Feb. 11, 2016 — A new target in plants for the development of new herbicides for use by farmers and gardeners has been identified by researchers studying an enzyme in plants called DNA gyrase. In plants, DNA gyrase ... read more

Alternative Proteins Encoded by the Same Gene Have Widely Divergent Functions in Cells

Feb. 11, 2016 — In a first large-scale systematic study, researchers found that most sibling proteins -- known as 'protein isoform' encoded by the same gene -- often play radically different roles within ... read more

Remember Where You're Going? How Scent Helps

Feb. 10, 2016 — In bloodhounds and neutrophils, getting the scent is not enough. Dogs and immune cells have to remember the chemoattractant they are pursuing, even when it momentarily fades out or threatens to ... read more

Feb. 10, 2016 — DNA is unwound by a type of “pumpjack” mechanism, similar to the way one operates on an oil rig, a team of scientists suggests. This finding is based on new close-up images of the proteins that ... read more

Chemical Cages: New Technique Advances Synthetic Biology

Feb. 10, 2016 — A clever means of localizing and confining enzymes and the substrate molecules they bind with has been presented by researchers, speeding up reactions essential for life ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Ecological epigenetics has now been further advanced thanks, to the development of a new research technique. Epigenetic research has grown immensely as a field of research all across the world. In ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — New close-up images of the proteins that copy DNA inside the nucleus of a cell have led a team of scientists to propose a brand new mechanism for how this molecular machinery works. The scientists ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Gene expression in a fruit fly embryo can be accurately and predictably tuned, new research shows. This study has important implications in cellular and developmental biology, with potential ... read more

Expression of a 'Ouija Board' Protein That Can Summon 'Monster' Genes

Feb. 8, 2016 — Biologists have studied Drosophila melanogaster flies to discover a new protein dubbed “Ouija Board,” which plays an important role in the biosynthesis of the steroid hormones necessary for ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — First-ever interlaboratory study of four versions of a therapeutic protein drug -- all manufactured from living cells -- reports that an established analytical tool akin to magnetic resonance imaging ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Cells reach a state called senescence when they stop dividing in response to DNA damage. This change can matter greatly to health, but scientists do not yet have a clear picture of how this change ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — IBS researchers create multiplex Digenome-seq to find errors in CRISPR-Cas9 ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — Scientists have for the first time reengineered a building block of a geometric nanocompartment that occurs naturally in bacteria to give it a new ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — New research identifies two new enzymes in bacteria that help fight off infection at a later stage, after an invading virus has already begun to replicate. The enzymes are part of the CRISPR-Cas ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — Scientists have made an exciting discovery that could provide a new way to prevent bacterial infections in both humans and plants without triggering multi-drug resistance in ... read more

Hair Thinning by Stem Cell Loss

Feb. 4, 2016 — Why people lose their locks in old age may be related to the aging of hair follicle stem cells, two new studies suggest. Though it is known that mammals that live for longer lifespans lose their ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — DNA evidence lifted from the ancient bones and teeth of people who lived in Europe from the Late Pleistocene to the early Holocene -- spanning almost 30,000 years of European prehistory -- has ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — A process has been uncovered by researchers that uses pressure to deliver chemical probes in a fine-tuned manner into living ... read more

How Roots Grow

Feb. 4, 2016 — In contrast to animals, plants form new organs throughout their entire life, such as roots, branches, flowers and fruits. Researchers wanted to know to what extent plants follow a pre-determined plan ... read more

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