Microbes and More News
April 28, 2017

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More Microbes and More News
April 28, 2017

Mushrooms Get Defensive

Apr. 27, 2017 — Some mushrooms produce long-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids as their chemical defense against insect larvae. The biosynthesis of these polyenes relies on only one enzyme, as scientists have now ... read more

Apr. 26, 2017 — New research shows that the invasive European paper wasp, Polistes dominulus, plays a role in facilitating sour rot disease in the absence of other ... read more

The Clever Cell: Molecular Mechanism Inhibits the Swarming Motility of Bacterial Populations

Apr. 26, 2017 — A biological chemistry working group has decoded a molecular mechanism that inhibits the swarming motility of bacterial ... read more

With Synthetic Mucus, Researchers Take Aim at Antibiotic Resistance

Apr. 25, 2017 — The human body produces about a gallon of mucus per day. By studying and replicating mucus’ natural ability to control pathogenic bacteria, scientists hope to find new methods for combatting ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — A dark slithering creature four feet long that dwells in the foul mud of a remote lagoon in the Philippines has been discovered by researchers. They say studying the animal, a giant shipworm with ... read more

'Diet' Products Can Make You Fat, Study Shows

Apr. 25, 2017 — High-fat foods are often the primary target when fighting obesity, but sugar-laden 'diet' foods could be contributing to unwanted weight gain as ... read more

Fighting Infections With a Silver Sword

Apr. 25, 2017 — Silver has been used to fight infections since ancient times. Today, researchers are using sophisticated techniques such as the gene-editing platform Crispr-Cas9 to take a closer look at how silver ... read more

Nanosponges Lessen Severity of Streptococcal Infections

Apr. 24, 2017 — Researchers have shown that engineered nanosponges can reduce the severity of infections caused by the bacteria responsible for strep throat and flesh-eating ... read more

Apr. 24, 2017 — A new species of silky ant has been named after the famous British band Radiohead in honor of the musicians' environmental efforts, especially in raising climate-change awareness. Two scientists ... read more

Does the Microbiome Play a Role in the Effectiveness of Colorectal Cancer Treatment?

Apr. 24, 2017 — C. elegans, fed a diet of E. coli bacteria, are 100 times more sensitive to the chemotherapy drug floxuridine, commonly used to treat colon cancer, than worms fed different bacteria. These findings ... read more

New Mechanism Mediating Environment-Microbe-Host Interactions

Apr. 24, 2017 — Researchers have uncovered a new mechanism showing how microbes can alter the physiology of the organisms in which they ... read more

New Test Can Identify Dangerous Bacteria With Resistance to Last-Resort Antibiotic

Apr. 24, 2017 — New research suggests it is possible to quickly and accurately diagnose some the most dangerous and drug-resistant types of bacterial infections, using equipment already owned by most ... read more

Bacteria's DNA Fingerprint Suggests It Could Be Spreading Via Food Distribution

Apr. 21, 2017 — Foods should be investigated as a potential source of spread of Clostridium difficile, according to ... read more

Can Airborne Viruses Survive in Water?

Apr. 21, 2017 — A new study challenges the tenet that herpes viruses, like most enveloped viruses, are relatively unstable outside their host. Under a variety of conditions equine herpesvirus remained stable and ... read more

Apr. 20, 2017 — Hundreds of thousands of babies worldwide die every year from infections that ravage their digestive systems. New research in mice offers evidence that the difference in survival may come from ... read more

Giardiasis May Be a Disease of the Ecology of the GI Tract

Apr. 20, 2017 — Colonization by the human and animal parasite, Giardia, changed the species composition of the mouse microbiome in a way that might be harmful, report ... read more

Apr. 20, 2017 — It is now possible to simultaneously visualize multiple bacterial strains in the gut by making them express unique combinations of fluorescent proteins. This approach allowed the researchers to ... read more

'Genetic Scalpel' Can Manipulate the Microbiome, Study Shows

Apr. 20, 2017 — New methods for regulating gene activity in a widespread group of microbiome bacteria in the gut of living mice have now been developed -- a crucial step in understanding microbiome's impact on ... read more

Apr. 20, 2017 — Nematodes secrete a deadly cocktail of proteins to kill many insects that damage crops. The finding overturns a long-held belief that it is exclusively bacteria, working in conjunction with ... read more

Same but Different: Researchers Uncover a Mechanism of How Bacteria With the Same Genotype Can Show a Different Phenotype

Apr. 20, 2017 — Bacterial populations pose an intriguing puzzle: in so-called isogenic populations, all bacteria have the same genes, but they still behave differently, for example grow at different speeds. ... read more

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