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Microbes and More News
February 20, 2017

Latest Headlines
updated 5:57pm EST

More Microbes and More News
February 20, 2017

Feb. 16, 2017 — A mutation that impacts changes in the shape of an essential viral protein may influence the infectivity of West Nile and other viruses in the flavivirus family, according to a new ... read more

Scientists Reveal the Treadmilling Motion of Dividing Bacteria

Feb. 16, 2017 — An international team of scientists using the latest imaging techniques have revealed how bacterial division proteins build a partition wall across the cell, one molecule at a ... read more

Biologists Control Gut Inflammation by Altering the Abundance of Resident Bacteria

Feb. 16, 2017 — Numerous human diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes and autism spectrum disorders are linked to abnormal gut microbiomes, but an open question is whether these altered microbiomes ... read more

Plant-Made Virus Shells Could Deliver Drugs Directly to Cancer Cells

Feb. 15, 2017 — Viruses are extremely efficient at targeting and delivering cargo to cells. Researchers report they have harnessed this well-honed ability -- minus the part that makes us sick -- to develop ... read more

Feb. 14, 2017 — Both species diversity and habitat diversity are critical to understand the functioning of ecosystems, scientists have concluded in a new ... read more

Genes in Albino Orchids May Hold Clues to Parasitic Mechanism Used by Non-Photosynthetic Plants

Feb. 14, 2017 — How do plants give up photosynthesis and become parasites? A research team is using comprehensive analysis of gene expression in albino and green orchids to investigate the evolution of parasitic ... read more

Feb. 14, 2017 — For hundreds of millions of years, ticks have survived on Earth by sucking blood from their victims for days, often leaving behind terrible diseases as a thank-you note. But no one has ever looked at ... read more

Feb. 13, 2017 — The protein which helps the sperm and egg fuse together in sexual reproduction are part of a larger family of proteins that helps other cells bind together to create larger organs, and which also ... read more

Sulfide-Sensing Mechanisms in Purple Bacteria

Feb. 13, 2017 — Scientists have uncovered a sulfide-responsive protein that helps control photosynthesis in the purple bacterium Rhodobacter ... read more

Feb. 13, 2017 — Scientists have used high-intensity X-ray pulses to determine the structure of the crystalline protein envelope of an insect virus. The tiny viruses with their crystal casing are by far the smallest ... read more

Marine Bacteria Produce an Environmentally Important Molecule With Links to Climate

Feb. 13, 2017 — Scientists have discovered that tiny marine bacteria can synthesize one of Earth's most abundant sulfur molecules, which affects atmospheric chemistry and potentially climate. This molecule, ... read more

Chemical Engineers Boost Bacteria's Productivity

Feb. 13, 2017 — Chemical engineers have designed a novel genetic switch that allows them to dramatically boost bacteria cells' production of useful chemicals by shutting competing metabolic pathways in the ... read more

Microbiomes More in Flux in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Feb. 13, 2017 — Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to see dramatic shifts in the make-up of the community of microbes in their gut than healthy people, according to the results of a new study. ... read more

Understanding Enzymes: New Tool Can Help Researchers Identify Enzymes, and Their Abundance, in Microbiomes

Feb. 13, 2017 — A new tool can help researchers more accurately identify enzymes present in microbiomes and quantify their relative ... read more

Feb. 13, 2017 — Scientists have discovered why the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) is one of the most destructive pests to many of our most important crops. Their research will inform industry and research ... read more

Gut Bacteria May Play a Role in Alzheimer’s Disease

Feb. 10, 2017 — New research has shown that intestinal bacteria can accelerate the development of Alzheimer’s disease. According to the researchers behind the study, the results open up the door to new ... read more

One Step Closer to Personalized Antibiotic Treatment

Feb. 10, 2017 — A new super-fast and cheap method called poreFUME can now shed light on the pool of resistance genes in the gut faster than before. This can lead to treatment of infections sooner and with better ... read more

Feb. 10, 2017 — The red berries of the Brazilian peppertree -- a weedy, invasive species common in Florida -- contain an extract with the power to disarm dangerous antibiotic-resistant staph bacteria, scientists ... read more

Genetics of Both Virus and Patient Work Together to Influence the Course of HIV Infection

Feb. 9, 2017 — Viral and human genetics together account for about one third of the differences in disease progression rates seen among people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), according to new ... read more

Feb. 9, 2017 — Using quantitative approaches from physics, biophysicists discovered a surprising way that bacteria can evolve resistance to antibiotics. After evolving a sleeping mechanism, the bacteria can then ... read more

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