Plants & Animals News
August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

Aug. 31, 2016 — A new theory aims to explain how the complex vertebrate body, with its skeleton, muscles, nervous and cardiovascular systems, arises from a single cell during development and how these systems ... read more

Study on Diversity of Microbial Groups Demonstrates the Effects of Human-Caused Changes in Climate, Land Use and Other Factors

Aug. 30, 2016 — Research shows the diversity of soil bacteria, fungi and nitrogen-fixing bacteria all are better predicted by variation in environmental temperature rather than ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Plants -- even relatively small ones -- played a crucial role in establishing a beachhead for life on land, according to recent work by an international team of researchers. The group found that ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Monkeys in captivity lose much of their native gut bacteria diversity and their gut bacteria ends up resembling those of humans, new research shows. The results suggest that switching to a low-fiber, ... read more

Defend or Grow? These Plants Do Both

Aug. 30, 2016 — From natural ecosystems to farmers' fields, plants face a dilemma of energy use: outgrow and out-compete their neighbors for light, or defend themselves against insects and disease. But what if ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study has found that plants regulate their leaf temperature with some independence from the surrounding air temperature, a trait that increases carbon uptake through ... read more

Cannabinoid Receptor Activates Spermatozoa

Aug. 30, 2016 — Biologists have detected a cannabinoid receptor in spermatozoa. Endogenous cannabinoids that occur in both the male and the female genital tract activate the spermatozoa: they trigger the so-called ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — By using a clever combination of two inexpensive additives to the spray, researchers found they can drastically cut down on the amount of liquid that bounces off ... read more

Pets and Children Are a Potential Source of C. Difficile in the Community

Aug. 30, 2016 — Household transmission of Clostridium difficile to pets and children may be a source of community-associated C. difficile infections according to findings from a new study. The study found that ... read more

Caffeine and Its Analogues Counteract Memory Deficits by Normalizing Stress Responses in the Brain

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study describes the mechanism by which caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals. The study shows that the abnormal expression of a particular receptor -- adenosine A2A, a ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Having built their nest over the vertical ventilation pipe of an old nuclear weapon bunker in Poland, every year a large number of wood ants fall down the pipe to never return to their colony. ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Human occupation is usually associated with deteriorated landscapes, but new research shows that 13,000 years of repeated occupation by British Columbia's coastal First Nations has had the ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers have used 'environmental DNA' to determine the biodiversity of a river. Previously, this involved collecting and identifying all the organisms living in it. Using environmental ... read more

High Seas Fisheries Management Could Recoup Losses Due to Climate Change

Aug. 30, 2016 — Closing the high seas to fishing could increase fish catches in coastal waters by 10 percent, helping people, especially the most vulnerable, cope with the expected losses of fish due to climate ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Tasmanian devils are evolving in response to a highly lethal and contagious form of cancer, a researcher has ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers have demonstrated that Meissner's corpuscle mechanoreceptors can be observed in living tissue using two-photon ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A researcher has discovered several new species of trapdoor spider -- and you'd never guess where. Trapdoor spiders spend most of their life underground their true number and diversity has been ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — In the future, the breeding of the climate-friendly cow can be sped up by using genetic information. A recent study identifies areas in the cow’s genotype which are linked to the amount of methane ... read more

Change in the Immune System Can Lead to Success

Aug. 30, 2016 — The sequencing of the Atlantic cod genome in 2011 demonstrated that this species lacks a crucial part of its immune system. In a follow-up study, researchers have investigated a large number of ... read more

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