Plants & Animals News
May 24, 2017

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May 24, 2017

Dietary Strategy to Address Obesity Uses Component in Red Chili

May 23, 2017 — Scientists have discovered a dietary strategy that may address obesity by reducing endotoxemia, a major contributor to chronic, low-grade inflammation (CLGI). The researchers uncovered an interaction ... read more

May 23, 2017 — For Southeastern beef cattle producers the fall calving season, calving between mid-September and mid-November, was most profitable and had the smallest amount of variation in profits, meaning fall ... read more

May 23, 2017 — Who is not fascinated by the wonderful iridescent colours of butterfly wings? Those who want to find out more about this phenomenon will realise that often the colour is not generated by pigments, ... read more

'Pregnant' Housefly Males Demonstrate the Evolution of Sex Determination

May 23, 2017 — Biologists have discovered the gene that determines the male sex in houseflies. Surprisingly, the sex-determining mechanisms are not the same for all houseflies -- they depend on where the insects ... read more

May 23, 2017 — The 'yellow crazy ant' lays trophic eggs to provide nutrition to their ... read more

May 23, 2017 — Scientists analyzing 7.2 million-year-old fossils uncovered in modern-day Greece and Bulgaria suggest a new hypothesis about the origins of humankind, placing it in the Eastern Mediterranean and not ... read more

Calcium Dynamics Regulating the Timing of Decision-Making in C. Elegans

May 23, 2017 — All animals make decisions according to information, but the detailed mechanism is not known. The researchers found that, a tiny worm chooses the direction in an odor space by mathematically ... read more

New Antibiotic Resistance Gene Found in Salmonella from Broiler Chickens

May 23, 2017 — A gene that confers resistance to the important broad-spectrum antibiotic, fosfomycin, has been discovered by scientists. The researchers found the gene in isolates of the pathogen, Salmonella ... read more

Rethinking Role of Viruses in Coral Reef Ecosystems

May 23, 2017 — Viruses are thought to frequently kill their host bacteria, especially at high microbial density. A state called lysogeny, in which viruses lie dormant but don't kill their hosts, has been ... read more

Eating Beans Instead of Beef Would Sharply Reduce Greenhouse Gasses

May 23, 2017 — If Americans would eat beans instead of beef, the United States would immediately realize approximately 50 to 75 percent of its GHG reduction targets for the year ... read more

May 23, 2017 — A team of plant biologists and biochemists has produced a gold mine of data by sequencing the genome of a tiny, single-celled green alga that could be used as a source of sustainable biofuel and has ... read more

May 22, 2017 — Researchers have modified an experimental malaria vaccine and showed that it completely protected four of eight monkeys that received it against challenge with the virulent Plasmodium falciparum ... read more

Rapid Smell Source Localization: Mechanism Discovered

May 22, 2017 — Fundamental insights into the mechanism of smell localization have now been gained by researchers. This marks an important step in unraveling the entire neural odor localization mechanism, which is ... read more

May 22, 2017 — The discovery of two new proteins could lead to better ways to regulate plant structure and the ability to resist crop stresses such as drought, thus improving agriculture ... read more

May 19, 2017 — Young great white sharks are using California’s coasts as a sort of nursery, suggests new ... read more

May 19, 2017 — A new process triples the fraction of biomass converted to high-value products to nearly 80 percent, also tripling the expected rate of return for an investment in the technology from roughly 10 ... read more

May 19, 2017 — Insects possess a naturally occurring resistance to the use of gene-editing technology to prevent diseases such as malaria, new research ... read more

Top 10 New Species for 2017

May 19, 2017 — A spider and an ant with names drawn from popular books, a pink katydid and an omnivorous rat made ESF's list of the Top 10 New Species for 2017. Also listed: a freshwater stingray, a bush ... read more

May 19, 2017 — Scientists have discovered the presence of contaminants in the pelagic food chains in the lakes Mjøsa, Randsfjorden and Femunden in Norway, and in supplementary material of fish from Tyrifjorden ... read more

Engineered Protein Enlisted to Battle the MERS Virus

May 19, 2017 — Researchers converted a staple human ubiquitin protein into an anti-viral tool. Through subtle tweaks, they created an engineered version of the ubiquitin that binds more tightly and paralyzes a key ... read more

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