Plants & Animals News
August 30, 2016

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August 30, 2016

Study on Diversity of Microbial Groups Demonstrates the Effects of Human-Caused Changes in Climate, Land Use and Other Factors

Aug. 30, 2016 — Research shows the diversity of soil bacteria, fungi and nitrogen-fixing bacteria all are better predicted by variation in environmental temperature rather than ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Plants – even relatively small ones – played a crucial role in establishing a beachhead for life on land, according to recent work by an international team of researchers. The group found that ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Pets and Children Are a Potential Source of C. Difficile in the Community

Aug. 30, 2016 — Household transmission of Clostridium difficile to pets and children may be a source of community-associated C. difficile infections according to findings from a new study. The study found that ... read more

Caffeine and Its Analogues Counteract Memory Deficits by Normalizing Stress Responses in the Brain

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study describes the mechanism by which caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals. The study shows that the abnormal expression of a particular receptor -- adenosine A2A, a ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers have used 'environmental DNA' to determine the biodiversity of a river. Previously, this involved collecting and identifying all the organisms living in it. Using environmental ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers have demonstrated that Meissner's corpuscle mechanoreceptors can be observed in living tissue using two-photon ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A researcher has discovered several new species of trapdoor spider -- and you'd never guess where. Trapdoor spiders spend most of their life underground their true number and diversity has been ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — In the future, the breeding of the climate-friendly cow can be sped up by using genetic information. A recent study identifies areas in the cow’s genotype which are linked to the amount of methane ... read more

Change in the Immune System Can Lead to Success

Aug. 30, 2016 — The sequencing of the Atlantic cod genome in 2011 demonstrated that this species lacks a crucial part of its immune system. In a follow-up study, researchers have investigated a large number of ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — While looking for ways to make tomatoes and other crop plants more productive, researchers developed a way to cut the time required to modify a tomato's genes by six weeks. The improvement will ... read more

New Species of Pterosaur Discovered in Patagonia

Aug. 30, 2016 — Scientists today announced the discovery of a new species of pterosaur from the Patagonia region of South America. The cranial remains were in an excellent state of preservation and belonged to a new ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — New research has resolved a mystery over why female fiddler crabs visit and leave many males during mating season, and found the females aren't just being ... read more

Female Mosquitoes Can Transmit Zika Virus to Their Eggs, Offspring

Aug. 30, 2016 — Female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes can pass the Zika virus to their eggs and offspring, new research shows. The recent Zika virus outbreak in Florida has dramatically increased efforts to remove A. ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Dogs have the ability to distinguish vocabulary words and the intonation of human speech through brain regions similar to those that humans use, a new study ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Scientists found high concentrations of toxins linked to neurodegenerative diseases in the fins and muscles of 10 species of sharks. The research team suggests that restricting consumption of sharks ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have discovered a mechanism of intercellular communication that helps explain how biological systems and actions -- ranging from a beating heart to the ability to hit a home run -- ... read more

Blinding Disease in Canines and Humans Shares Causative Gene, Pathology

Aug. 29, 2016 — Scientists report that they've directly compared the disease course of a blinding ciliopathy between humans and dogs and found remarkable ... read more

How Aged Wine Gets Its Aroma

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have discovered an enzyme that plays a leading role in the formation of compounds that give aged wines their sought-after ... read more

Aug. 29, 2016 — Scientists report that a specialized drug screen test using lab-grown human cells has revealed two classes of compounds already in the pharmaceutical arsenal that may work against mosquito-borne Zika ... read more

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