Diseases and Conditions News
August 24, 2016

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More Diseases and Conditions News
August 24, 2016

Diets Avoiding Dry-Cooked Foods Can Protect Against Diabetes, Say Researchers

Aug. 24, 2016 — Simple changes in how we cook could go a long way towards preventing diabetes, say researchers. A new study found that obese individuals with signs of insulin resistance showed improvement simply by ... read more

Barcodes Show the Blood Family Tree

Aug. 24, 2016 — By assigning a barcode to stem cells, researchers have made it possible to monitor large blood cell populations as well as individual blood cells, and study the changes over time. Among other things, ... read more

Disruptions to Sleep Patterns Lead to an Increased Risk of Suicides

Aug. 24, 2016 — The link between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviors is made starkly clear in new ... read more

Progress in Vaccination Against Vespid Venom

Aug. 24, 2016 — Especially in late summer, apprehension about wasp stings increases among allergy sufferers. So-called hyposensibilization therapy can help, but it is linked to a heavy burden on patients and health ... read more

A Brain Circuit to Push Past Nutritional Stress

Aug. 24, 2016 — Nutritional stress is a normal part of life; going hungry on a short-term basis generally does not impair important functions. The brain coordinates the response to nutritional stress but how it does ... read more

Do the Tools to Quantify Addiction Help to Define It?

Aug. 24, 2016 — Understanding what counts as an addiction, and what can be done to address it is the work of researchers across many disciplines. But what tools are used to ‘measure’ addiction, and are these ... read more

A New Path for Killing Pathogenic Bacteria

Aug. 24, 2016 — Bacteria that cause tuberculosis, leprosy and other diseases, survive by switching between two different types of metabolism. Scientists have now discovered that this switch is controlled by a ... read more

Direct and Active Parent Involvement Key to Healthy Living for Kids

Aug. 24, 2016 — Parents who directly and actively engage their children in healthy living behavior -- instead of passively 'supporting' the behavior -- are significantly more likely to see their kids meet ... read more

First Randomized Trial Shows IVF Culture Media Affect the Outcomes of Embryos and Babies

Aug. 24, 2016 — Fertility experts are calling on the companies who make the solutions in which embryos are cultured during in vitro fertilization (IVF) to give a clear list of ingredients following publication of a ... read more

Surgery That Restores Hand and Elbow Function in Quadriplegics Is Underused

Aug. 23, 2016 — A surgery for quadriplegics called tendon transfer can significantly improve hand and elbow function, but the procedure is greatly underused, according to a new ... read more

Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control -- dynamic changes in DNA methylation -- is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural ... read more

Prescriptions More Affordable After U.S. Policy Changes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have seen significant increases in the number of Americans who can afford to fill prescriptions following implementation of the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act and the 2010 Affordable ... read more

Relief for Epilepsy at the Scale of a Single Cell

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it. All this ... read more

Very Low Transmission of HIV Within Couples Receiving Both ART, PrEP

Aug. 23, 2016 — Providing HIV medication to both members of a couple may substantially reduce the risk of transmission within that couple, according to a new ... read more

Shortfalls in Laboratory Services May Limit Attainment of Worldwide Targets for HIV

Aug. 23, 2016 — Insufficient capacity to perform laboratory tests used in monitoring HIV infection, and underutilization of existing testing capacity, are limiting the ability to meet the Joint United Nations ... read more

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Long-Term Psychosocial Outcomes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Traumatic brain injury (TBI) during youth is associated with elevated risks of impaired adult functioning, according to a longitudinal study. The study demonstrates that children and adolescents ... read more

Researchers Predict Sudden Cardiac Death Risk

Aug. 23, 2016 — For the first time, a team of researchers has developed and validated a prediction model to determine sudden cardiac death risk in adults without a history of cardiovascular disease ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Too much manganese early in development causes lasting attention deficits and other impairments in rats. Studies of children and adolescents have associated excess manganese in the diet with ... read more

Mutational Tug of War Over HIV's Disease-Inducing Potential

Aug. 23, 2016 — A study from AIDS researchers shows how the expected disease severity when someone is newly infected by HIV reflects a balance between the virus' invisibility to the host's immune system ... read more

Recommended Blood Pressure Targets for Diabetes Are Being Challenged

Aug. 23, 2016 — The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare recently raised the recommended target blood pressure for patients with diabetes. This may lead to more patients suffering from stroke or heart ... read more

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