Diseases and Conditions News
August 24, 2016

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August 24, 2016

Enigmatic Molecules Maintain Equilibrium Between Fighting Infection, Inflammatory Havoc

Aug. 24, 2016 — Special RNA molecules called long non-coding RNAs are key controllers for maintaining immune health when fighting infection or preventing inflammatory disorders. The discovery offers a potential drug ... read more

Scientists Track Metabolic Pathways to Find Drug Combination for Pancreatic Cancer

Aug. 24, 2016 — Cancer researchers have long observed the value of treating patients with combinations of anti-cancer drugs that work better than single drug treatments. Now, in a new study using laboratory-grown ... read more

Lymph Node Stage May Have Clinical Significance Among NSCLC Patients With Stage IV M1a

Aug. 24, 2016 — Analysis of a large non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient cohort with stage IV M1a disease identified lymph node staging as having clinical significance and an impact on ... read more

Progress in Vaccination Against Vespid Venom

Aug. 24, 2016 — Especially in late summer, apprehension about wasp stings increases among allergy sufferers. So-called hyposensibilization therapy can help, but it is linked to a heavy burden on patients and health ... read more

New Small Molecule Compounds Could Treat Ebola Virus Infection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. The compounds could potentially be ... read more

A Brain Circuit to Push Past Nutritional Stress

Aug. 24, 2016 — Nutritional stress is a normal part of life; going hungry on a short-term basis generally does not impair important functions. The brain coordinates the response to nutritional stress but how it does ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Especially in late summer, apprehension about wasp stings increases amongst allergy sufferers. So-called hyposensibilization therapy can help, but it is linked to a heavy burden on patients and ... read more

Do the Tools to Quantify Addiction Help to Define It?

Aug. 24, 2016 — Understanding what counts as an addiction, and what can be done to address it is the work of researchers across many disciplines. But what tools are used to ‘measure’ addiction, and are these ... read more

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

Aug. 24, 2016 — In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the ... read more

A New Path for Killing Pathogenic Bacteria

Aug. 24, 2016 — Bacteria that cause tuberculosis, leprosy and other diseases, survive by switching between two different types of metabolism. Scientists have now discovered that this switch is controlled by a ... read more

Discovery Could Provide New Prevention, Treatment Option for Organ Transplant Rejection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Targeting certain donor cells lowered the risk of organ rejection in mice that underwent kidney and heart transplants. Results of this new study could lead to new ways of preventing or treating organ ... read more

Direct and Active Parent Involvement Key to Healthy Living for Kids

Aug. 24, 2016 — Parents who directly and actively engage their children in healthy living behavior -- instead of passively 'supporting' the behavior -- are significantly more likely to see their kids meet ... read more

First Randomized Trial Shows IVF Culture Media Affect the Outcomes of Embryos and Babies

Aug. 24, 2016 — Fertility experts are calling on the companies who make the solutions in which embryos are cultured during in vitro fertilization (IVF) to give a clear list of ingredients following publication of a ... read more

Simplify, Standardize Health Insurance Plans, Advise Behavioral Economists

Aug. 23, 2016 — Behavioral economists argue that the best way to address the problems caused by health plan complexity is to simplify and standardize the plans, a new report ... read more

Female Triathletes at Higher Risk for Pelvic Floor Disorders

Aug. 23, 2016 — Female triathletes are at a higher risk for several health issues, including pelvic floor disorders, new research indicates. Researchers conducted an internet survey of 311 self-identified female ... read more

Surgery That Restores Hand and Elbow Function in Quadriplegics Is Underused

Aug. 23, 2016 — A surgery for quadriplegics called tendon transfer can significantly improve hand and elbow function, but the procedure is greatly underused, according to a new ... read more

Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control -- dynamic changes in DNA methylation -- is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural ... read more

Prescriptions More Affordable After U.S. Policy Changes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have seen significant increases in the number of Americans who can afford to fill prescriptions following implementation of the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act and the 2010 Affordable ... read more

Standing Desks Lower BMI, Research Shows

Aug. 23, 2016 — Standing desks lower the BMI trajectory in elementary-aged children over a two-year span--by an average of 5.24 percentile points, a landmark study has ... read more

Relief for Epilepsy at the Scale of a Single Cell

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it. All this ... read more

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