Diseases and Conditions News
August 23, 2016

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More Diseases and Conditions News
August 23, 2016

Very Low Transmission of HIV Within Couples Receiving Both ART, PrEP

Aug. 23, 2016 — Providing HIV medication to both members of a couple may substantially reduce the risk of transmission within that couple, according to a new ... read more

Shortfalls in Laboratory Services May Limit Attainment of Worldwide Targets for HIV

Aug. 23, 2016 — Insufficient capacity to perform laboratory tests used in monitoring HIV infection, and underutilization of existing testing capacity, are limiting the ability to meet the Joint United Nations ... read more

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Long-Term Psychosocial Outcomes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Traumatic brain injury (TBI) during youth is associated with elevated risks of impaired adult functioning, according to a longitudinal study. The study demonstrates that children and adolescents ... read more

Osteoporosis Treatment: Systematic Global Review of Intervention Thresholds Based on FRAX

Aug. 23, 2016 — According to most current guidelines, treatment for osteoporosis is recommended in individuals with prior fragility fractures -- however for those without prior fractures, intervention thresholds ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — A portable power-free test for the rapid detection of bacterial resistance to antibiotics has been developed ... read more

Expecting the Worst Increases Side-Effects in Breast Cancer Patients on Hormone Therapies

Aug. 22, 2016 — A study of women receiving hormone therapies such as tamoxifen as part of their treatment for breast cancer has found that the number and seriousness of side effects they experienced were influenced ... read more

Soluble Corn Fiber Can Help Young Women Build Bone, and Older Women Preserve Bone

Aug. 22, 2016 — Supplementing with soluble corn fiber at two critical times in a woman's life -- adolescence and post-menopause -- can help build and retain calcium in bone, according to new ... read more

Stroke-Like Brain Damage Is Reduced in Mice Injected With Omega-3s

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers have found that omega-3 fatty acids reduced brain damage in a neonatal mouse model of ... read more

How Melanoma Spreads to Other Organs in the Body

Aug. 22, 2016 — In a landmark discovery, researchers have unraveled the metastatic mechanism of melanoma, the most aggressive of all skin cancers. Their work may lead to a cure for the deadly ... read more

How Cell Nuclei Squeeze Into Tight Spaces

Aug. 22, 2016 — As cells move throughout our bodies, they often have to squeeze through tight nooks and crannies in their environment, reliably springing back to their original shape. The structures involved in this ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers have protected nonhuman primates against Ebola Sudan four days following exposure to the ... read more

New Types of African Salmonella Associated With Lethal Infection

Aug. 22, 2016 — The first global-scale genetic study of Salmonella Enteritidis bacteria, which is a major cause of blood poisoning and death in Africa and food poisoning in the Western World, has discovered that ... read more

Esophageal Cancers Driven by 'Marginal Gain' Rather Than Speed

Aug. 22, 2016 — Scientists have shown that unexpectedly, esophageal cancer cells do not divide faster than their normal neighbors. But unlike normal cells, the tumor cells produce slightly more dividing daughter ... read more

Transcription Factor Foxn1 and Preserving Immune Function in Later Life

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers use new experimental models and analytical tools to investigate genes regulated by Foxn1, becoming the first to identify the DNA sequence bound by the transcription factor. Among the ... read more

Rx Associated With Fracture Risk Infrequently Reduced After Fracture Occurrence

Aug. 22, 2016 — Is the occurrence of a fragility fracture -- where Medicare beneficiaries broke a hip, wrist or shoulder -- a missed opportunity to reduce exposure to prescription drugs associated with fracture ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — In doses equivalent to those used regularly in human children, antibiotics changed the mix of gut microbes in young mice to dramatically increase their risk for type 1 ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — Permanent brain damage from a stroke may be reversible thanks to a developing therapeutic technique, a study has found. The novel approach combines transplanted human stem cells with a special ... read more

Two Key Proteins Preserve Vital Genetic Information

Aug. 22, 2016 — New research demonstrates how two key proteins mediate the organization of chromosomes and our genome, shedding light on one of the key genetic processes for every person. With this key basic ... read more

New Care Plan Improves Crohn’s Disease Complication Outcomes

Aug. 22, 2016 — The first published medical and surgical approach care plan for managing septic perianal Crohn’s disease, a serious complication that occurs in around 40 percent of Crohn’s disease patients has ... read more

Fussy Infants Find Food More Rewarding, Putting Them at Higher Risk for Obesity

Aug. 22, 2016 — Babies that seem to get upset more easily and take longer to calm down may be at higher risk for obesity while babies that exhibit more 'cuddliness' and calm down easily are less likely at ... read more

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