Diseases and Conditions News
August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

Researchers Identify Neural Factors That Predict Adolescent Alcohol Use

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers have identified 34 neural factors that predict adolescent alcohol consumption. The list, based upon complex algorithms analyzing data from neuropsychological testing and neuroimaging ... read more

Smokers More Prone to Bowel Condition Relapses, Study Suggests

Aug. 30, 2016 — Smoking is strongly linked to relapse of a serious bowel condition, research has confirmed. People with Crohn's disease are more likely to experience a recurrence after surgery if they continue ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Bipolar Adolescents Continue to Have Elevated Substance Use Disorder Risk as Young Adults

Aug. 30, 2016 — A follow up to a previous study finding an association between adolescent bipolar disorder and the incidence of cigarette smoking and substance use disorder finds that risk was even greater five ... read more

Having Children at Home Did Not Prompt Parents to Test for Radon, Secondhand Smoke

Aug. 30, 2016 — New findings show the presence of children in the home did not motivate parents to test and mitigate for radon and secondhand tobacco smoke, both of which cause lung ... read more

Children With Asthma Attacks Triggered by Colds Less Responsive to Standard Treatment

Aug. 30, 2016 — A study confirms that respiratory viral detection, not child's age, explains the high rate of hospitalization for asthma attacks in children under ... read more

Affordable Care Act Has Improved Access to Health Care, but Disparities Persist

Aug. 30, 2016 — The Affordable Care Act has substantially decreased the number of uninsured Americans and improved access to health care, though insurance affordability and disparities by geography, race/ethnicity, ... read more

Retinoic Acid Suppresses Colorectal Cancer Development, Study Finds

Aug. 30, 2016 — Levels of retinoic acid, a vitamin A metabolite, are low in mice and humans with colorectal cancer, according to new research. People with high levels of an enzyme that degrades retinoic acid have a ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A research team has identified the pain transmission mechanism at the molecular level and presented new solutions for the understanding of pain signals and the development of pain ... read more

Pets and Children Are a Potential Source of C. Difficile in the Community

Aug. 30, 2016 — Household transmission of Clostridium difficile to pets and children may be a source of community-associated C. difficile infections according to findings from a new study. The study found that ... read more

Caffeine and Its Analogues Counteract Memory Deficits by Normalizing Stress Responses in the Brain

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study describes the mechanism by which caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals. The study shows that the abnormal expression of a particular receptor -- adenosine A2A, a ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Scientists have succeeded in deciphering the mechanism of interaction of silver nanoparticles with the cells of the immune ... read more

A Rapid and Effective Antidote for Anticoagulant Bleeds

Aug. 30, 2016 — A specially designed antidote to reverse acute, potentially life-threatening anticoagulant-related bleeding worked quickly, and was well-tolerated according to interim results of the ongoing ANNEXA-4 ... read more

Researchers Identify Multidrug-Resistant E. Coli Bacteria from New Jersey Patient

Aug. 30, 2016 — New Jersey researchers have identified what is believed to be the first strain of Escherichia coli bacteria from a patient in the United States that harbored two mobile genes making it resistant to ... read more

Researchers Identify Protein That Delays Type 1 Diabetes Onset in New Mouse Model

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study reveals a counterintuitive cellular strategy that may protect insulin-producing cells from destruction during type 1 diabetes. Nearly one out of every 11 people is diagnosed with diabetes ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A research team has generated functional human and mouse tissue-engineered liver from adult stem and progenitor cells. Tissue-engineered Liver (TELi) was found to contain normal structural components ... read more

Antipsychotic Medications Linked to Increased Risk of Pneumonia in Persons With Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 30, 2016 — Antipsychotic medications are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to new research. The risk of pneumonia was the highest at the ... read more

Mitosis Study Finds Potential Cancer Target

Aug. 30, 2016 — By drilling down to the atomic level of how specific proteins interact during cell division, or mitosis, a team of scientists has found a unique new target for attacking ... read more

Swelling Obesity Rates May Be Tied to Childhood Antibiotic Use

Aug. 30, 2016 — As the nation's obesity rate continues to skyrocket, scientists across the country are combing the health records of 1.6 million kids to determine if childhood antibiotic use causes weight gain ... read more

Change in the Immune System Can Lead to Success

Aug. 30, 2016 — The sequencing of the Atlantic cod genome in 2011 demonstrated that this species lacks a crucial part of its immune system. In a follow-up study, researchers have investigated a large number of ... read more

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