Diseases and Conditions News
August 24, 2016

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More Diseases and Conditions News
August 24, 2016

Lymph Node Stage May Have Clinical Significance Among NSCLC Patients With Stage IV M1a

Aug. 24, 2016 — Analysis of a large non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient cohort with stage IV M1a disease identified lymph node staging as having clinical significance and an impact on ... read more

Scientists Identify Spark Plug That Ignites Nerve Cell Demise in ALS

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have pinpointed an enzyme that triggers rapid demise of nerve cells in people with ALS. The research team describes a molecular chain of events that culminates in the stripping of the ... read more

New Small Molecule Compounds Could Treat Ebola Virus Infection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. The compounds could potentially be ... read more

A Brain Circuit to Push Past Nutritional Stress

Aug. 24, 2016 — Nutritional stress is a normal part of life; going hungry on a short-term basis generally does not impair important functions. The brain coordinates the response to nutritional stress but how it does ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Especially in late summer, apprehension about wasp stings increases amongst allergy sufferers. So-called hyposensibilization therapy can help, but it is linked to a heavy burden on patients and ... read more

Do the Tools to Quantify Addiction Help to Define It?

Aug. 24, 2016 — Understanding what counts as an addiction, and what can be done to address it is the work of researchers across many disciplines. But what tools are used to ‘measure’ addiction, and are these ... read more

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

Aug. 24, 2016 — In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the ... read more

Discovery Could Provide New Prevention, Treatment Option for Organ Transplant Rejection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Targeting certain donor cells lowered the risk of organ rejection in mice that underwent kidney and heart transplants. Results of this new study could lead to new ways of preventing or treating organ ... read more

Direct and Active Parent Involvement Key to Healthy Living for Kids

Aug. 24, 2016 — Parents who directly and actively engage their children in healthy living behavior -- instead of passively 'supporting' the behavior -- are significantly more likely to see their kids meet ... read more

Simplify, Standardize Health Insurance Plans, Advise Behavioral Economists

Aug. 23, 2016 — Behavioral economists argue that the best way to address the problems caused by health plan complexity is to simplify and standardize the plans, a new report ... read more

Female Triathletes at Higher Risk for Pelvic Floor Disorders

Aug. 23, 2016 — Female triathletes are at a higher risk for several health issues, including pelvic floor disorders, new research indicates. Researchers conducted an internet survey of 311 self-identified female ... read more

Surgery That Restores Hand and Elbow Function in Quadriplegics Is Underused

Aug. 23, 2016 — A surgery for quadriplegics called tendon transfer can significantly improve hand and elbow function, but the procedure is greatly underused, according to a new ... read more

Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control -- dynamic changes in DNA methylation -- is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural ... read more

Prescriptions More Affordable After U.S. Policy Changes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have seen significant increases in the number of Americans who can afford to fill prescriptions following implementation of the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act and the 2010 Affordable ... read more

Standing Desks Lower BMI, Research Shows

Aug. 23, 2016 — Standing desks lower the BMI trajectory in elementary-aged children over a two-year span--by an average of 5.24 percentile points, a landmark study has ... read more

Relief for Epilepsy at the Scale of a Single Cell

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it. All this ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — A recent study published by Brazilian researchers indicates brain malformations induced by Zika virus congenital infection. More than microcephaly, the research indicates other neurological changes ... read more

Very Low Transmission of HIV Within Couples Receiving Both ART, PrEP

Aug. 23, 2016 — Providing HIV medication to both members of a couple may substantially reduce the risk of transmission within that couple, according to a new ... read more

Shortfalls in Laboratory Services May Limit Attainment of Worldwide Targets for HIV

Aug. 23, 2016 — Insufficient capacity to perform laboratory tests used in monitoring HIV infection, and underutilization of existing testing capacity, are limiting the ability to meet the Joint United Nations ... read more

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Long-Term Psychosocial Outcomes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Traumatic brain injury (TBI) during youth is associated with elevated risks of impaired adult functioning, according to a longitudinal study. The study demonstrates that children and adolescents ... read more

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