Diseases and Conditions News
August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

Signaling Cascade That Drives Fatty Tumors

Aug. 31, 2016 — A common cell signaling pathway that controls differentiation of stem cells may also control the formation of tumor cells in fat, according to a new ... read more

Accumulation of a Product of Cell Metabolism Found to Be Linked With Kidney Tumor Growth

Aug. 31, 2016 — Researchers have shown that when the metabolite fumarate accumulates in a hereditary form of renal cancer it leads to an epigenetic reprogramming that drives cancer. The tumor growth mechanism seen ... read more

Researchers Use a Single Molecule to Command Stem Cells to Build New Bone

Aug. 31, 2016 — An easy and efficient way to coax human pluripotent stem cells to regenerate bone tissue has been identified by researchers: feed them adenosine, a naturally occurring molecule in the body. The ... read more

Stem Cell Agency Spinal Cord Injury Clinical Trial Passes Safety Hurdles

Aug. 31, 2016 — A clinical trial using stem cells to treat people with recent spinal cord injuries has cleared two key safety hurdles, and been given approval to expand the therapy to a larger group of patients with ... read more

Aug. 31, 2016 — Developing blood cells are caught in tugs of war between competing gene regulatory networks before finally deciding what type of cell to become, according to a study. Researchers report that as ... read more

New Key in Fighting Kennedy's Disease

Aug. 31, 2016 — If a disease affects motoneurons, cells that control voluntary muscle activity, researchers should focus their efforts on motoneurons to find potential treatments, right? Not always, say ... read more

Weight Loss Following Bariatric Surgery Sustained Long-Term

Aug. 31, 2016 — Obese patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) lost much more weight than those who did not and were able to sustain most of this weight loss 10 years after surgery, according to a ... read more

Connection Between Chronic Pain, Anxiety Disorders Found by Researchers

Aug. 31, 2016 — New study results provide insight into a long-observed, but little-understood connection between chronic pain and anxiety and offer a potential target for treatment. Researchers found that increased ... read more

High Rates of Suicide and Self-Harm Among Transgender Youth

Aug. 31, 2016 — In a new study, 30 percent of transgender youth report a history of at least one suicide attempt, and nearly 42 percent report a history of self-injury, such as cutting. The study also discovered a ... read more

Selenium Status Influence Cancer Risk

Aug. 31, 2016 — As a nutritional trace element, selenium forms an essential part of our diet. Researchers have been able to show that high blood selenium levels are associated with a decreased risk of developing ... read more

CRISPR/Cas9 Technology to Inactivate Cancer Mutations, Say Scientists

Aug. 31, 2016 — As for many other biomedical and biotechnology disciplines, the genome scissor 'CRISPR/Cas9' also opens up completely new possibilities for cancer research. Scientists have shown that ... read more

Aug. 31, 2016 — A study into bird malaria could provide important clues about the causes of parasite co-infections in animals, including people, report investigators. They found that not only the bird's habitat ... read more

Scientists Discover Noninvasive Technique to Monitor Migraines

Aug. 31, 2016 — New UBC research has found that amplified electroencephalograms can produce diagnostic results of a brainwave associated with migraines and epilepsy that are comparable to the current, more invasive, ... read more

Pure Oxygen in High-Pressure Chamber Relieves Symptoms of Opiate Withdrawal in Mice

Aug. 31, 2016 — A pharmacologist gave morphine-addicted mice pure pressurized oxygen before they began withdrawal from the drug. The mice had far less severe withdrawal symptoms than addicted mice that did not ... read more

Major Step Towards Alzheimer's Blood Test

Aug. 31, 2016 — A research team has made a significant step towards the development of a simple blood test to predict the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. The group studied blood from 292 individuals with the ... read more

Potential New Treatment for Cocaine Addiction

Aug. 31, 2016 — A promising new drug treatment for cocaine addiction has been discovered by researchers. The experimental therapy, which involves administering a drug currently used in cancer therapy trials, treats ... read more

New Research Uncovers the First Steps of How Human Organs and Tissues Develop

Aug. 31, 2016 — For the first time, the precise way individual human organs and tissue develop has been mapped, providing new insight into how genetic disorders can occur during the crucial early phase of ... read more

Dopamine: Far More Than Just the 'Happy Hormone'

Aug. 31, 2016 — Dopamine is a so-called messenger substance or neurotransmitter that conveys signals between neurons. It not only controls mental and emotional responses but also motor reactions. Dopamine is ... read more

Simple Measures Cut Sepsis Deaths Nearly in Half

Aug. 31, 2016 — Sepsis, commonly called blood poisoning, is a common affliction that can affect people of all ages. A series of simple measures tested at a Norwegian hospital can make a difference in successfully ... read more

Aug. 31, 2016 — As an arm of the innate immune system, white blood cells called neutrophils form the first line of defense against invading pathogens. Neutrophils spend most of their lives racing through the ... read more

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