Diseases and Conditions News
August 31, 2016

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More Diseases and Conditions News
August 31, 2016

High Rates of Suicide and Self-Harm Among Transgender Youth

Aug. 31, 2016 — In a new study, 30 percent of transgender youth report a history of at least one suicide attempt, and nearly 42 percent report a history of self-injury, such as cutting. The study also discovered a ... read more

Simple Measures Cut Sepsis Deaths Nearly in Half

Aug. 31, 2016 — Sepsis, commonly called blood poisoning, is a common affliction that can affect people of all ages. A series of simple measures tested at a Norwegian hospital can make a difference in successfully ... read more

Aug. 31, 2016 — As an arm of the innate immune system, white blood cells called neutrophils form the first line of defense against invading pathogens. Neutrophils spend most of their lives racing through the ... read more

Nationwide Study Sets Benchmarks for 30-Day Mortality Following Chemotherapy for Breast and Lung Cancer in England

Aug. 30, 2016 — For the first time, English national data on 30-day mortality for patients with breast and lung cancer treated with chemotherapy have been collected and analyzed in order to help clinical teams ... read more

Ethical Concerns Tied to Research on Human-Animal Embryos

Aug. 30, 2016 — Scientists have developed a new bioethical framework for addressing concerns surrounding potentially revolutionary research on human-animal ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Bipolar Adolescents Continue to Have Elevated Substance Use Disorder Risk as Young Adults

Aug. 30, 2016 — A follow up to a previous study finding an association between adolescent bipolar disorder and the incidence of cigarette smoking and substance use disorder finds that risk was even greater five ... read more

New Drug for Tropical Disease Trypanosomiasis Discovered

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers are working to find the fastest way possible to treat and cure human African trypanosomiasis, long referred to as sleeping sickness. Human African trypanosomiasis, or HAT, is a tropical ... read more

Having Children at Home Did Not Prompt Parents to Test for Radon, Secondhand Smoke

Aug. 30, 2016 — New findings show the presence of children in the home did not motivate parents to test and mitigate for radon and secondhand tobacco smoke, both of which cause lung ... read more

Children With Asthma Attacks Triggered by Colds Less Responsive to Standard Treatment

Aug. 30, 2016 — A study confirms that respiratory viral detection, not child's age, explains the high rate of hospitalization for asthma attacks in children under ... read more

Affordable Care Act Has Improved Access to Health Care, but Disparities Persist

Aug. 30, 2016 — The Affordable Care Act has substantially decreased the number of uninsured Americans and improved access to health care, though insurance affordability and disparities by geography, race/ethnicity, ... read more

Retinoic Acid Suppresses Colorectal Cancer Development, Study Finds

Aug. 30, 2016 — Levels of retinoic acid, a vitamin A metabolite, are low in mice and humans with colorectal cancer, according to new research. People with high levels of an enzyme that degrades retinoic acid have a ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A research team has identified the pain transmission mechanism at the molecular level and presented new solutions for the understanding of pain signals and the development of pain ... read more

Pets and Children Are a Potential Source of C. Difficile in the Community

Aug. 30, 2016 — Household transmission of Clostridium difficile to pets and children may be a source of community-associated C. difficile infections according to findings from a new study. The study found that ... read more

Caffeine and Its Analogues Counteract Memory Deficits by Normalizing Stress Responses in the Brain

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study describes the mechanism by which caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals. The study shows that the abnormal expression of a particular receptor -- adenosine A2A, a ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Scientists have succeeded in deciphering the mechanism of interaction of silver nanoparticles with the cells of the immune ... read more

Cancer: Molecularly Shutting Down Cancer Cachexia

Aug. 30, 2016 — Healthy fat tissue is essential for extended survival in the event of tumor-induced wasting syndrome (cachexia). Researchers have shown that selective manipulation of an enzyme can stop unwanted ... read more

A Rapid and Effective Antidote for Anticoagulant Bleeds

Aug. 30, 2016 — A specially designed antidote to reverse acute, potentially life-threatening anticoagulant-related bleeding worked quickly, and was well-tolerated according to interim results of the ongoing ANNEXA-4 ... read more

Researchers Identify Multidrug-Resistant E. Coli Bacteria from New Jersey Patient

Aug. 30, 2016 — New Jersey researchers have identified what is believed to be the first strain of Escherichia coli bacteria from a patient in the United States that harbored two mobile genes making it resistant to ... read more

Researchers Identify Protein That Delays Type 1 Diabetes Onset in New Mouse Model

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study reveals a counterintuitive cellular strategy that may protect insulin-producing cells from destruction during type 1 diabetes. Nearly one out of every 11 people is diagnosed with diabetes ... read more

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