Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Balloon Treatment Yields Results Similar To Surgery

Date:
November 20, 2000
Source:
University Of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Summary:
For patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis, balloon mitral valvotomy yields similar long-term results compared to a surgical procedure called commissurotomy, according to a University of Pittsburgh study presented at the American Heart Association annual meeting in New Orleans.

PITTSBURGH, Nov. 15 -- For patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis, balloon mitral valvotomy yields similar long-term results compared to a surgical procedure called commissurotomy, according to a University of Pittsburgh study presented today at the American Heart Association annual meeting in New Orleans.

Mitral stenosis is caused by childhood rheumatic fever, which damages the heart valve. The valve slowly wears out and becomes more scarred over time. The scarring prevents the valve from opening and closing properly.

"Open surgery is the traditional method of treatment of mitral stenosis," said Galal Ziady, M.D., professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, director of Clinical Cardiology at the UPMC Health System Cardiovascular Institute, and principal investigator of the study. "In this study, we wanted to determine if outcomes for the balloon procedure would be comparable and sustained over the long term."

In the surgical procedure, a surgeon uses a scalpel to remove scar tissue from the mitral valves. In the balloon procedure, a deflated balloon is inserted through an artery to the heart and into the area between the mitral valves. When it is inflated, it breaks the scar tissue and frees up the two valves to work properly.

The study followed a group of 40 rheumatic mitral stenosis patients since 1988. They were randomized into two groups of 20 patients each. One group underwent the balloon procedure while the other underwent surgery. There were no differences in patient sex, age and heart rhythm or echo score. Mean age of the patients at the time of treatment was 26 years.

The study found that patients in both groups had their mitral valve opening almost doubled. In addition, the pulmonary artery pressures of both groups dropped comparably following the procedure. Restenosis was noted in three patients in the surgery group and four in the balloon group. New mitral regurgitation developed in two patients in each group.

"We conclude that the balloon procedure yields comparable results on immediate and long-term outcome," Dr. Ziady said. "In addition, the balloon procedure has several advantages over the surgical procedure. The cost of the balloon is less than the cost of surgery, patients leave the hospital the same day or the next day, there is no operative scar, and there is less surgical risk."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University Of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University Of Pittsburgh Medical Center. "Balloon Treatment Yields Results Similar To Surgery." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 November 2000. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/11/001120073424.htm>.
University Of Pittsburgh Medical Center. (2000, November 20). Balloon Treatment Yields Results Similar To Surgery. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/11/001120073424.htm
University Of Pittsburgh Medical Center. "Balloon Treatment Yields Results Similar To Surgery." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/11/001120073424.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 30, 2014) Obamacare-related costs were said to be behind the profit plunge at Wellpoint and Humana, but Wellpoint sees the new exchanges boosting its earnings for the full year. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Concern Grows Over Worsening Ebola Crisis

Concern Grows Over Worsening Ebola Crisis

AFP (July 30, 2014) Pan-African airline ASKY has suspended all flights to and from the capitals of Liberia and Sierra Leone amid the worsening Ebola health crisis, which has so far caused 672 deaths in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Duration: 00:43 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
At Least 20 Chikungunya Cases in New Jersey

At Least 20 Chikungunya Cases in New Jersey

AP (July 30, 2014) At least 20 New Jersey residents have tested positive for chikungunya, a mosquito-borne virus that has spread through the Caribbean. (July 30) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Xtreme Eating: Your Daily Caloric Intake All On One Plate

Xtreme Eating: Your Daily Caloric Intake All On One Plate

Newsy (July 30, 2014) The Center for Science in the Public Interest released its 2014 list of single meals with whopping calorie counts. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

    Technology News



      Save/Print:
      Share:

      Free Subscriptions


      Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

      Get Social & Mobile


      Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

      Have Feedback?


      Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
      Mobile: iPhone Android Web
      Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
      Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
      Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins