Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

CDC Investigates Possible West Nile Virus Transmission Through Organ Transplant

Date:
September 3, 2002
Source:
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention
Summary:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, the Georgia State Department of Health, and the Florida Department of Health are investigating illnesses among four recipients of organ transplants from a single donor. One of these persons died on August 29. Preliminary evidence suggests that these illnesses may be due to West Nile virus infection.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, the Georgia State Department of Health, and the Florida Department of Health are investigating illnesses among four recipients of organ transplants from a single donor. One of these persons died on August 29. Preliminary evidence suggests that these illnesses may be due to West Nile virus infection.

All four persons received organs from a Georgia resident who died in early August following a motor vehicle accident. Before death, this person had received multiple blood transfusions. Two Georgia residents received organs from this donor. Both became ill with fever and encephalitis. One patient remains hospitalized but is improving. The other patient died; examination of autopsy specimens at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were consistent with West Nile or related virus infection. Two Florida residents received organs from this donor. One developed fevers but is now recovering at home. Another developed a neurological illness and remains hospitalized. Specimens from this patient at the Florida State Department of Health tested positive for West Nile virus infection.

Concern about the possibility that blood transfusion or organ donation may have transmitted West Nile infection to recipients of organs from a single donor has prompted the ongoing investigation that is now underway. West Nile virus is spread via the bite of an infected mosquito. Although transmission of West Nile virus via blood transfusion or organ donation has been a theoretical possibility, transmission via these routes have not been previously observed.

Although the exact cause of these four organ recipients’ illnesses and the means that they may have become infected still remains uncertain, as a precautionary measure, remaining blood products from the blood donors of the blood transfusions that were given to the organ transplant donor are being recalled.

Most persons exposed to the West Nile virus do not develop symptoms. Approximately one in five exposed persons will develop a mild flu-like illness and less than one percent will develop severe neurological disease. It is unknown if organ transplant patients are more likely to develop severe disease following exposure to the West Nile virus. Persons who do develop symptoms mostly will have symptom onsets 3 to 14 days after exposure to the virus.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. "CDC Investigates Possible West Nile Virus Transmission Through Organ Transplant." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 September 2002. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/09/020903072020.htm>.
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. (2002, September 3). CDC Investigates Possible West Nile Virus Transmission Through Organ Transplant. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/09/020903072020.htm
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. "CDC Investigates Possible West Nile Virus Transmission Through Organ Transplant." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/09/020903072020.htm (accessed July 22, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

TheStreet (July 21, 2014) New research shows Gilead Science's drug Sovaldi helps in curing hepatitis C in those who suffer from HIV. In a medical study, the combination of Gilead's Hep C drug with anti-viral drug Ribavirin cured 76% of HIV-positive patients suffering from the most common hepatitis C strain. Hepatitis C and related complications have been a top cause of death in HIV-positive patients. Typical medication used to treat the disease, including interferon proteins, tended to react badly with HIV drugs. However, Sovaldi's %1,000-a-pill price tag could limit the number of patients able to access the treatment. TheStreet's Keris Lahiff reports from New York. Video provided by TheStreet
Powered by NewsLook.com
$23.6 Billion Awarded To Widow In Smoking Lawsuit

$23.6 Billion Awarded To Widow In Smoking Lawsuit

Newsy (July 20, 2014) Cynthia Robinson claims R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company hid the health and addiction risks of its products, leading to the death of her husband in 1996. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Tooth Plaque Provides Insight Into Diets Of Ancient People

Tooth Plaque Provides Insight Into Diets Of Ancient People

Newsy (July 19, 2014) Research on plaque from ancient teeth shows that our prehistoric ancestor's had a detailed understanding of plants long before developing agriculture. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Contaminated Water Kills 3 Babies in South African Town

Contaminated Water Kills 3 Babies in South African Town

AFP (July 18, 2014) Contaminated water in South Africa's northwestern town of Bloemhof kills three babies and hospitalises over 500 people. The incident highlights growing fears over water safety in South Africa. Duration: 02:22 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins