HIV and AIDS News
June 30, 2015

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More HIV and AIDS News
June 30, 2015

Multidrug-Resistant TB Appears Less Transmissible in Households Than Drug-Susceptible TB

June 23, 2015 — Some strains of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) may have a lower fitness (be less capable of spreading) than drug-susceptible tuberculosis bacteria, according to a new study. The study ... read more

World Spends More Than $200 Billion to Make Countries Healthier

June 16, 2015 — The world invested more than $200 billion to improve health in lower-income countries over the past 15 years, a study concludes. Global health financing increased significantly after 2000, when the ... read more

Development Assistance for Health Has Increased Since 1990 for Low-Income Countries

June 16, 2015 — Funding for health in developing countries has increased substantially since 1990, with a focus on HIV/AIDS, maternal health, and newborn and child health, and limited funding for noncommunicable ... read more

Vitamin D Status Related to Immune Response to HIV-1

June 15, 2015 — Vitamin D plays an important part in the human immune response and deficiency can leave individuals less able to fight infections like HIV-1. Now an international team of researchers has found that ... read more

June 11, 2015 — Researchers have uncovered how Gram-negative bacteria -- a broad class of bugs that cause diseases ranging from gonorrhea to diarrhea and pneumonia -- can trigger a reaction from our immune system. ... read more

Europe's Most Homophobic Countries May Be Paving the Way for a Rise in HIV Cases

June 10, 2015 — Europe's most homophobic countries may be paving the way for a rise in HIV cases among gay and bisexual men, according to new research. The investigators found that in these countries, gay men ... read more

First-Ever Observation of the Native Capside of a Retrovirus

June 10, 2015 — For the first time ever, researchers have captured high-resolution images of the Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) capsid protein. Their images reveal unprecedented elements of flexibility in this protein, ... read more

Antibody Response Linked to Lower Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission

June 8, 2015 — How most babies are protected from acquiring HIV from their infected mothers has been a matter of scientific controversy. Now researchers provide new data identifying an antibody response that had ... read more

Research Offers a New Approach to Improving HIV Vaccines

June 4, 2015 — Researchers have identified a molecule that recognizes HIV and initiates an immune response. The findings could help improve the efficacy of HIV vaccines to prevent infection, they ... read more

Thirty Years of AIDS Data Highlight Survival Gains, Room for Improvement

June 4, 2015 — Although treatment advances have dramatically reduced deaths from opportunistic infections related to AIDS, a new study drawing on 30 years of data from more than 20,000 patients in San Francisco ... read more

Homing in on What's Wearing out T Cells

June 3, 2015 — When the T cells of your immune system are forced to deal over time with cancer or a chronic infection they become exhausted - less effective at attacking and destroying invaders. While the PD-1 ... read more

Immunity Enzyme Defends Against Tuberculosis Infection, Study Shows

June 2, 2015 — A study has identified how an enzyme involved in protecting the body from pathogens senses Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacterial pathogen that infects millions of people worldwide and causes about ... read more

June 2, 2015 — A small section of the envelope protein, located on the 'tail' of the HIV virus is necessary for the protein to be sorted into viral particles. Figuring out how to manipulate the envelope ... read more

Online Hookup Sites Increase HIV Rates in Sometimes Surprising Ways

June 1, 2015 — The introduction of Craigslist led to an increase in HIV infection cases of 13.5 percent in Florida over a four-year period, according to a new study. The estimated medical costs for those patients ... read more

Wild Chimps Teach Scientists About Gene That Encodes HIV-Fighting Protein

May 28, 2015 — Different people can vary substantially in their genetic susceptibility to viruses, including HIV. Although the biology that underlies this variation in humans is still being uncovered, it seems that ... read more

HIV's Sweet Tooth Is Its Downfall

May 28, 2015 — HIV has a powerful sweet tooth. After the virus invades an immune cell, it craves sugar and nutrients from the cell to replicate and grow. Scientists discovered the switch that flips on the ... read more

Testing for Tuberculosis Reliably and Quickly

May 28, 2015 — Researchers have developed a simple diagnostic test to quickly and reliably detect tuberculosis in ... read more

US Healthcare: Medication Data Provides Insights Into Who Is Covered by ACA

May 27, 2015 — As the US Supreme Court considers the legality of tax subsidies to buy health insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), an investigation provides an unprecedented look at prescription data ... read more

Starting Antiretroviral Treatment Early Improves Outcomes for HIV-Infected Individuals

May 27, 2015 — HIV-infected individuals have a considerably lower risk of developing AIDS or other serious illnesses if they start taking antiretroviral drugs sooner, when their CD4+ T-cell count--a key measure of ... read more

New Online Tool to Predict Genetic Resistance to Tuberculosis Drugs

May 27, 2015 — A new TB-Profiler tool analyses and interprets genome sequence data to predict resistance to 11 drugs used for the treatment of TB. This rapid tool means that sequence data can now be used without ... read more

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