Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

More Sprawl Means More Weight And Less Walking

Date:
September 1, 2003
Source:
Center For The Advancement Of Health
Summary:
Residents of sprawling counties weigh more, walk less in their leisure time and have higher rates of high blood pressure compared with those in more "compact" counties, a new study finds.

Residents of sprawling counties weigh more, walk less in their leisure time and have higher rates of high blood pressure compared with those in more "compact" counties, a new study finds.

Related Articles


Reid Ewing, Ph.D., of the National Center for Smart Growth and colleagues say more evidence is needed to pinpoint sprawl as the direct cause of these poor health outcomes. But their findings, appearing in the September/October issue of the American Journal of Health Promotion, suggest a significant association between the form of an urban environment and certain health conditions and behaviors.

When the researchers accounted for differences in age, education and other personal variables, they found that residents of the most compact counties walked 79 minutes more of leisure time per month and weighed about six pounds less than residents of the most sprawling counties.

Ewing and colleagues analyzed health data from more than 200,000 people living in 448 counties and 83 metropolitan areas. Each area was graded on its level of sprawl, using factors like the density of its residential neighborhoods, physical separation of homes, shops and workplaces, and connections between roads.

"Poor accessibility is the common denominator of urban sprawl -- nothing is within easy walking distance of anything else," Ewing and colleagues say.

Some of the most compact or least sprawled counties are the New York City boroughs, San Francisco County and Hudson County in New Jersey. Counties with the highest levels of sprawl include Goochland Country in the Richmond, Va., area and Geauga County near Cleveland, Ohio. [A complete list of counties and their respective sprawl scores is available from the researchers.]

Future studies that include information on other types of physical activity, such as walks to work or shopping, should help clarify the relationship of sprawl and health, the researchers say.

More precise measurements of sprawl are also needed, according to the researchers.

"It might be that certain thresholds or critical levels of 'compactness' are needed before community design begins to have a palatable influence on physical activity," they explain.

In any case, the health consequences of sprawl could be severe, say the researchers, who note that excess weight and physical inactivity may account for more than 300,000 premature deaths each year.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Center For The Advancement Of Health. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Center For The Advancement Of Health. "More Sprawl Means More Weight And Less Walking." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 September 2003. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/09/030901091400.htm>.
Center For The Advancement Of Health. (2003, September 1). More Sprawl Means More Weight And Less Walking. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/09/030901091400.htm
Center For The Advancement Of Health. "More Sprawl Means More Weight And Less Walking." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/09/030901091400.htm (accessed December 21, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, December 21, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) It's hard to resist those delicious but fattening carbs we all crave during the winter months, but there are some ways to stay satisfied without consuming the extra calories. Vanessa Freeman (@VanessaFreeTV) has the details. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) More than 100 motorcyclists hit the road to spread awareness messages about Ebola. Nearly 7,000 people have now died from the virus, almost all of them in west Africa, according to the World Health Organization. Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) In Yarumal, a village in N. Colombia, Alzheimer's has ravaged a disproportionately large number of families. A genetic "curse" that may pave the way for research on how to treat the disease that claims a new victim every four seconds. Duration: 02:42 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Best Protein-Filled Foods to Energize You for the New Year

The Best Protein-Filled Foods to Energize You for the New Year

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) The new year is coming and nothing will energize you more for 2015 than protein-filled foods. Fitness and nutrition expert John Basedow (@JohnBasedow) gives his favorite high protein foods that will help you build muscle, lose fat and have endless energy. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins