Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Manual, Low-tech Method For 2nd Trimester Abortions Found Safe And Effective

Date:
October 1, 2003
Source:
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Summary:
A hand-held vacuum aspiration device works as well as a more expensive electrical one for ending second-trimester pregnancies, according to results of a study by Johns Hopkins obstetricians published in the October issue of the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics.

A hand-held vacuum aspiration device works as well as a more expensive electrical one for ending second-trimester pregnancies, according to results of a study by Johns Hopkins obstetricians published in the October issue of the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics.

"Now that we know the low-tech device is safe and effective, it can be taught to doctors in developing nations to help reduce the prevalence of unsafe abortions and complications," says Paul D. Blumenthal, M.D., M.P.H., senior author of the paper and an associate professor of gynecology and obstetrics at Johns Hopkins.

The more costly electrical devices and the electricity needed to power them often are not available in less developed parts of the world, but there had been questions about comparative quality of the two methods. The manual technique had been commonly used for first-trimester abortions, but never for second-trimester abortions.

The Hopkins investigators compared both techniques while performing second-trimester abortions on 110 women who came to the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center for this service between January 1998 and September 2000. The patients' average age was 23.4 years, with an average gestation of 16 weeks.

Doctors performed manual vacuum aspiration on 73 women and electric vacuum aspiration on 37 women. There were no significant differences in procedure time between the two groups, and no complications reported.

In vacuum aspiration, doctors use either a hand-held specially designed syringe or a hollow tube hooked up to an electrical pump to apply suction inside the cervix, removing the uterine contents. The manual instrument is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for first-trimester abortions but had not been tested for second-trimester abortions, which are usually performed using the electric-powered aspirator.

In the United States, only 12 percent of abortions are performed in the second trimester of pregnancy, Blumenthal says.

"Generally, women who request a second-trimester abortion are those who need it most -- either teenagers, who may deny the pregnancy at first or don't know where to turn, or older women who have an unexpected pregnancy and other children to care for," he says.

Study coauthors were C.S. Todd, M.E. Soler, L. Castleman, and M.K. Rogers.

###

Todd, C.S. et al, "Manual Vacuum Aspiration for Second-Trimester Pregnancy Termination," International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, October 2003, Vol. 83, Issue 1, pages 5-9.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. "Manual, Low-tech Method For 2nd Trimester Abortions Found Safe And Effective." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 October 2003. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/10/031001062736.htm>.
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. (2003, October 1). Manual, Low-tech Method For 2nd Trimester Abortions Found Safe And Effective. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/10/031001062736.htm
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. "Manual, Low-tech Method For 2nd Trimester Abortions Found Safe And Effective." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/10/031001062736.htm (accessed September 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, September 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Sierra Leone's Nationwide Ebola Curfew Underway

Sierra Leone's Nationwide Ebola Curfew Underway

Newsy (Sep. 20, 2014) Sierra Leone is locked down as aid workers and volunteers look for new cases of Ebola. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Changes Found In Brain After One Dose Of Antidepressants

Changes Found In Brain After One Dose Of Antidepressants

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) A study suggest antidepressants can kick in much sooner than previously thought. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) The study found elderly people are much more likely to become susceptible to infection than younger adults going though a similar situation. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

AP (Sep. 19, 2014) A federal jury has convicted three people in connection with an outbreak of salmonella poisoning five years ago that sickened hundreds of people and was linked to a number of deaths. (Sept. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins