Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Brain Disease Research, Particle Physics Meet In The Middle(Ware)

Date:
May 31, 2004
Source:
National Science Foundation
Summary:
The study of Alzheimer's disease and the analysis of particle collisions may not appear to have much in common, but behind the scenes, middleware being developed with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) is helping groups of researchers in neuroscience, physics and other fields to apply the power of grid-based computational resources.

ARLINGTON, Va. -- The study of Alzheimer's disease and the analysis of particle collisions may not appear to have much in common, but behind the scenes, middleware being developed with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) is helping groups of researchers in neuroscience, physics and other fields to apply the power of grid-based computational resources.

Spanning 14 universities and 22 research groups, the growing Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN) is establishing the cyberinfrastructure, or integrated information technology configuration, needed to facilitate health care research for large-scale data sharing and analysis. The ability to share and compare massive data sets such as MRI brain scans or high-resolution electron microscopy images is essential to participants' research into Alzheimer's disease, depression, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis and other disorders.

With the participating research labs connected by the Internet2 high-performance network, the BIRN cyberinfrastructure uses software from the NSF Middleware Initiative (NMI) to harness grid-based services and resources for the demanding computational tasks of data mining, analysis and visualization. The BIRN is sponsored by the National Center for Research Resources at the National Institutes of Health.

"The BIRN has great promise to provide a collaborative working environment that promotes the growth of interdisciplinary science as well as an advanced biomedical cyberinfrastructure," said BIRN Coordinating Center Director Mark Ellisman. "The NMI middleware layer is essential to providing many of the underlying mechanisms critical to achieving this integrated environment."

By emphasizing open-source solutions that simplify resource sharing, NMI is making it easier for scientists, engineers and educators to work with colleagues on a worldwide scale through high-speed networks. The integrated tools from NMI facilitate collaborations across organizations, information technology architectures, operating systems and security policies.

Since 2002, NMI has issued twice-yearly releases of software, services and documentation supporting the effective use of information technology for research and education. Issued on May 24, NMI Release 5 (NMI-R5) consists of contributions from a wide range of middleware developers that partner through multi-institutional NMI-funded teams at the GRIDS Center, the EDIT consortium and the Open Grid Computing Environments consortium.

"Before NMI, many research communities were developing independent—and often incompatible—middleware solutions," said Kevin Thompson, NSF program director for NMI. "The successful use of the NMI releases by BIRN, Grid3 and other teams shows that NMI's open-source and open-standards approaches can help scientists avoid 'reinventing the wheel' and provide a common foundation for building customized applications."

Worlds away from neuroscience, the Grid3 project faces similar challenges in data management and computing requirements for particle physics and biological science. To conduct simulations of elementary particles that require massive amounts of data, the Grid3 collaborators, supported by both NSF and the Department of Energy, have deployed an international data grid spread across 28 sites in the United States and abroad and held together in part by NMI-supported software, such as the Globus Toolkit.

With assembled resources that provide up to 2,000 processors' worth of computational power, the Grid3 data grid runs seven different applications—three high-energy physics simulations and four data-analysis programs for high-energy physics, biochemistry, astrophysics and astronomy. The grid-enabled calculations simulate collisions of subatomic particles, biological interactions between molecules and protein sequences important to genome analysis.

Beyond grid computing, NMI middleware also enables many types of collaborative computing in the research and education community. Shibboleth, an NMI-EDIT software suite that manages user access to Web content and services while protecting privacy, has experienced worldwide adoption in addition to having widespread national impact.

Chosen by Australia, the Netherlands, and Finland and implemented in Switzerland as the basis for their national education federations, Shibboleth is also being adopted by the United Kingdom, which has made a significant commitment to standardize on the software. The U.K. Joint Information Systems Committee has begun work on building a national Shibboleth federation for the country's universities and colleges, alongside its current Athens access management system.

Established in late 2001, NMI funds the design, development, testing and deployment of middleware, key technologies upon which customized applications are built. Specialized NMI teams are defining open-source, open-architecture standards that are creating important new avenues of online collaboration and resource sharing. In addition to the production-quality software and implementation standards created by those large systems-integration teams, NMI funds smaller projects that focus on experimental middleware applications. As a leading part of the emerging cyberinfrastructure, NMI software and services are used by thousands of researchers and educators in the United States and beyond.

###

NSF Middleware Initiative: http://www.nsf-middleware.org

Grid3: http://www.ivdgl.org/grid2003

BIRN: http://www.nbirn.net

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering, with an annual budget of nearly $5.58 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 universities and institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 40,000 competitive requests for funding, and makes about 11,000 new funding awards. The NSF also awards over $200 million in professional and service contracts yearly.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by National Science Foundation. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

National Science Foundation. "Brain Disease Research, Particle Physics Meet In The Middle(Ware)." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 May 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040527235755.htm>.
National Science Foundation. (2004, May 31). Brain Disease Research, Particle Physics Meet In The Middle(Ware). ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040527235755.htm
National Science Foundation. "Brain Disease Research, Particle Physics Meet In The Middle(Ware)." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040527235755.htm (accessed October 22, 2014).

Share This



More Computers & Math News

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Thanks, Marty McFly! Hoverboards Could Be Coming In 2015

Thanks, Marty McFly! Hoverboards Could Be Coming In 2015

Newsy (Oct. 21, 2014) If you've ever watched "Back to the Future Part II" and wanted to get your hands on a hoverboard, well, you might soon be in luck. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Robots to Fly Planes Where Humans Can't

Robots to Fly Planes Where Humans Can't

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Oct. 21, 2014) Researchers in South Korea are developing a robotic pilot that could potentially replace humans in the cockpit. Unlike drones and autopilot programs which are configured for specific aircraft, the robots' humanoid design will allow it to fly any type of plane with no additional sensors. Ben Gruber reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Japanese Scientists Unveil Floating 3D Projection

Japanese Scientists Unveil Floating 3D Projection

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Oct. 20, 2014) Scientists in Tokyo have demonstrated what they say is the world's first 3D projection that floats in mid air. A laser that fires a pulse up to a thousand times a second superheats molecules in the air, creating a spark which can be guided to certain points in the air to shape what the human eye perceives as an image. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Apple Enters Mobile Payment Business

Apple Enters Mobile Payment Business

AP (Oct. 20, 2014) Apple is making a strategic bet with the launch of Apple Pay, the mobile pay service aimed at turning your iPhone into your wallet. (Oct. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Space & Time

Matter & Energy

Computers & Math

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins