Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Prostate Cancer Pill May Stave Off Disease And Ease Pain

Date:
June 7, 2004
Source:
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Summary:
Recent clinical studies led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers have found that a drug called atrasentan reduces the risk by 20 percent that cancer will progress in men with advanced hormone-resistant prostate cancer.

Recent clinical studies led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers have found that a drug called atrasentan reduces the risk by 20 percent that cancer will progress in men with advanced hormone-resistant prostate cancer. The results are expected to be presented at the 40th Annual American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) meeting on June 5 in New Orleans.

Related Articles


"Treatment options remain limited for patients whose prostate cancer has spread and does not respond to hormone therapy, and some of these men are looking for less toxic alternatives than chemotherapy at this point in their lives," says Michael Carducci, M.D., associate professor at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center. "Atrasentan can help prevent their pain and may potentially postpone when they need more aggressive treatments like chemotherapy or radiation."

Combined results of phase II and phase III international clinical trials, which spanned three years and enrolled more than one thousand men, showed an approximately 20 percent decrease in the chance that their cancer will progress in those who took atrasentan daily versus a placebo.

"This drug's largest effect may be its ability to stabilize the progression of prostate cancer to the bone," says Carducci. "As a result, atrasentan slows the rise in PSA levels and delays the development of pain while maintaining quality of life." Few patients experienced side effects such as a stuffy nose, headache, and swelling.

Part of a new trend in cancer treatment, known as "targeted therapy," atrasentan blocks a protein called endothelin, which is secreted in excess amounts by prostate cancer cells. Endothelin promotes cancer cell growth and stimulates new bone formation where prostate cancer cells have spread to bone sites. Recent studies elsewhere confirm that endothelin is a key protein involved in the type of bone metastasis that commonly occurs in prostate cancer.

The phase II trial enrolling 244 patients with metastatic hormone refractory prostate cancer was completed in 2001, and showed atrasentan delayed disease progression by 52 percent as compared to men receiving a placebo. Analysis of the phase III data alone did not show a difference in disease progression between the 804 patients randomized to receive atrasentan or the placebo. But when combined with the results of the Phase II study, investigators observed a statistically significant difference between the drug and its control in the length of time it took for the disease to progress. Both randomized, double-blind studies were similar in design and enrolled patients with hormone resistant prostate cancer that had metastasized or spread.

Carducci plans to continue studies of atrasentan in patients whose cancer has not spread and in combination with other drugs that block growth factors. He adds that atrasentan could potentially be an option after second-line hormonal therapy or when patients are waiting to begin chemotherapy. Hopkins and other centers nationwide will study the drug in patients with brain, renal cell, ovarian and lung cancers.

The identification of endothelin and its role in prostate cancer as a potential target for therapy led to the development of atrasentan and was first described nine years ago in Hopkins laboratories through a specialized program of research excellence (SPORE) grant from the National Cancer Institute.

Co-authors are Joel B. Nelson from the University of Pittsburgh, F. Saad from University of Montreal, Canada; C.C. Schulman from Erasme Hospital, Brussels, Belgium; D.P. Dearnaley from Royal Marsden Hospital, London; D.J. Sleep, S.M. Hulting, J.D. Isaacson, A.R. Allen, and P. Nisen from Abbott Laboratories.

###This study was funded by Abbott Laboratories.

Carducci is a consultant to Abbott Laboratories. The terms of this arrangement are being managed by the Johns Hopkins University in accordance with its conflict of interest policies.

Abstract #4508, Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Links:

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center: http://www.hopkinskimmelcancercenter.org/

American Society of Clinical Oncology: http://www.asco.org/


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. "Prostate Cancer Pill May Stave Off Disease And Ease Pain." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 June 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/06/040607072101.htm>.
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. (2004, June 7). Prostate Cancer Pill May Stave Off Disease And Ease Pain. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/06/040607072101.htm
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. "Prostate Cancer Pill May Stave Off Disease And Ease Pain." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/06/040607072101.htm (accessed November 24, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Monday, November 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Are Female Bosses More Likely To Be Depressed?

Are Female Bosses More Likely To Be Depressed?

Newsy (Nov. 24, 2014) A new study links greater authority with increased depressive symptoms among women in the workplace. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Winter Can Cause Depression — Here's How To Combat It

Winter Can Cause Depression — Here's How To Combat It

Newsy (Nov. 23, 2014) Millions of American suffer from seasonal depression every year. It can lead to adverse health effects, but there are ways to ease symptoms. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Late Cocoa Leaves Bitter Taste

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Late Cocoa Leaves Bitter Taste

AFP (Nov. 23, 2014) The arable district of Kenema in Sierra Leone -- at the centre of the Ebola outbreak in May -- has been under quarantine for three months as the cocoa harvest comes in. Duration: 01:32 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Don't Fall For Flu Shot Myths

Don't Fall For Flu Shot Myths

Newsy (Nov. 23, 2014) Misconceptions abound when it comes to your annual flu shot. Medical experts say most people older than 6 months should get the shot. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins