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Carbon Nanotubes Eliminate Manufacturing Woe

Date:
August 18, 2004
Source:
National Institute Of Standards And Technology
Summary:
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have discovered that the addition of carbon nanotubes to a common commercial polymer, polypropylene, leads to dramatic changes in how the molten polymer flows.

Two examples of how nanotube-filled polymers (thin rod in left photo; small disk in right photo) avoid swelling seen in traditional polymers.
Credit: Image courtesy of National Institute Of Standards And Technology

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have discovered that the addition of carbon nanotubes to a common commercial polymer, polypropylene, leads to dramatic changes in how the molten polymer flows. This process eliminates a widespread manufacturing headache known as "die-swell" in which polymers swell in undesirable directions when passing through the exit port of an extruder (a machine for producing more or less continuous lengths of plastic sections).

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Researchers have been adding small amounts of nanotubes--tiny tubes of carbon about 1,000 times thinner than a human hair--to polypropylene in hopes of dramatically enhancing the material's strength and other properties. Once realized, this enhanced polymer could be processed at high speed through extruders for use in manufacturing.

NIST materials scientists were concerned that because nanotubes make the polypropylene rubbery, the material would be difficult to process or its enhanced properties would be lost. To their surprise, the opposite proved true. When sheared (forced) between two plates, the polymer normally separates the plates. However, when nanotubes are added, the plates are pulled together.

The scientists discovered that this "pulling-together" completely alleviated die-swell. Industry currently uses various time-consuming trial-and-error solutions to deal with the problem.

Eliminating die-swell should help manufacturers improve their time-to-market by simplifying their die design processes and enabling the controlled manufacture of smaller components.

The NIST work appears in the August 2004 edition of the journal Nature Materials.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by National Institute Of Standards And Technology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

National Institute Of Standards And Technology. "Carbon Nanotubes Eliminate Manufacturing Woe." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 August 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/08/040816090157.htm>.
National Institute Of Standards And Technology. (2004, August 18). Carbon Nanotubes Eliminate Manufacturing Woe. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/08/040816090157.htm
National Institute Of Standards And Technology. "Carbon Nanotubes Eliminate Manufacturing Woe." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/08/040816090157.htm (accessed December 20, 2014).

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