Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Rubella No Longer Major Public Health Threat

Date:
April 19, 2005
Source:
U.S. Centers For Disease Control And Prevention
Summary:
A major public health milestone has been achieved in the United States - the rubella virus, a major cause of serious birth defects such as deafness and blindness, also known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), is no longer considered to be a major public health threat in the United States.

A major public health milestone has been achieved in the United States - the rubella virus, a major cause of serious birth defects such as deafness and blindness, also known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), is no longer considered to be a major public health threat in the United States, Dr. Julie Gerberding, director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced at the National Immunization Conference March 21, 2005 in Washington, DC.

Related Articles


“The elimination of rubella in the United States is a tremendous step in protecting the health and well being of pregnant women and infants,” said Dr. Gerberding. “A disease that once seriously harmed tens of thousands of infants is no longer a major health threat, thanks to a safe and effective vaccine and successful immunization programs across the country. We should take pride in this accomplishment, and also recognize that we must maintain our vigilance or we can see a resurgence of disease.”

Currently about 93 percent of the nation’s children under age two are vaccinated against measles, mumps and rubella, according to the CDC’s National Immunization Survey. More than 95 percent of the nation’s children are vaccinated against rubella by the time they enter school. “The importance of continuing vaccination cannot be emphasized enough, “said Dr. Steve Cochi, Acting Director, CDC’s National Immunization Program. “Cases of rubella continue to be brought into the country by worldwide travelers and because of bordering countries where the disease is active.”

During 1964 and 1965 a rubella epidemic in the United States caused an estimated 12.5 million cases of rubella and 20,000 cases of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) which led to more than 11,600 babies born deaf, 11,250 fetal deaths, 2,100 neonatal deaths, 3,580 babies born blind and 1,800 babies born mentally retarded.

Since reporting of rubella began in 1966, the largest number of rubella cases reported was in 1969 with 57,686 cases. Following vaccine licensure in 1969 and development of a rubella vaccination program to prevent rubella infection during pregnancy, rubella incidence fell rapidly. By 1983, fewer than 1,000 cases were reported per year.

In 1989, CDC established a rubella elimination goal despite a resurgence in rubella and measles cases during the measles epidemic from 1989-1991, reported rubella cases in the 1990s declined to all-time low numbers. From 1990 through 1999, only 117 cases of CRS were reported, 66 of these babies were born in 1990 and 1991. In 2001, for the first time in history, less than 100 cases were reported in the United States. In 2003, there were only eight rubella cases and one CRS case reported in the United States. In 2004, there were only nine rubella cases reported in the United States.

Since the mid-1990s, the United States has worked closely with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and Mexico to improve rubella control in the Americas. Those efforts have resulted in dramatic reductions of rubella in many nations of the Americas. In September 2003, ministers of health of all countries in the Americas resolved to eliminate rubella and CRS by 2010.

Last fall, an independent panel including internationally recognized immunization experts from academia, the Council for State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE), the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Mexico and the CDC concluded that rubella virus in no longer endemic in the United States.

Rubella is prevented through vaccination. Rubella vaccine is recommended for all children and for adolescents and adults without documented evidence of immunity. It is especially important to verify that all women of child-bearing age are immune to rubella before they get pregnant.

Although it is available as a single preparation, it is recommended that rubella vaccine be given as MMR vaccine (protecting against measles, mumps and rubella). The first dose of MMR should be given on or after the first birthday; the recommended range is from 12-15 months. The second dose is usually given when the child is 4-6 years old, or before he or she enters kindergarten or first grade. Maintaining high coverage and rubella population immunity in the United States among children and adults will be important to maintain the benefits of achieving rubella elimination.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by U.S. Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

U.S. Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. "Rubella No Longer Major Public Health Threat." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 April 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050419110315.htm>.
U.S. Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. (2005, April 19). Rubella No Longer Major Public Health Threat. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050419110315.htm
U.S. Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. "Rubella No Longer Major Public Health Threat." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050419110315.htm (accessed November 23, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, November 23, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

WFP: Ebola Risks Heightened Among Women Throughout Africa

WFP: Ebola Risks Heightened Among Women Throughout Africa

AFP (Nov. 21, 2014) Having children has always been a frightening prospect in Sierra Leone, the world's most dangerous place to give birth, but Ebola has presented an alarming new threat for expectant mothers. Duration: 00:37 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Your Genes Be The Reason You're Single?

Could Your Genes Be The Reason You're Single?

Newsy (Nov. 21, 2014) Researchers in Beijing discovered a gene called 5-HTA1, and carriers are reportedly 20 percent more likely to be single. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Paralyzed Marine Walks With Robotic Braces

Raw: Paralyzed Marine Walks With Robotic Braces

AP (Nov. 21, 2014) Marine Corps officials say a special operations officer left paralyzed by a sniper's bullet in Afghanistan walked using robotic leg braces in a ceremony to award him a Bronze Star. (Nov. 21) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Milestone Birthdays Can Bring Existential Crisis, Study Says

Milestone Birthdays Can Bring Existential Crisis, Study Says

Newsy (Nov. 21, 2014) Researchers find that as people approach new decades in their lives they make bigger life decisions. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins