Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Surgery For Children With Sleep Apnea Improves Quality Of Life

Date:
April 22, 2005
Source:
Journal Of The American Medical Association
Summary:
Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have improvements in their quality of life as well as their sleep disorder after surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissue, according to an article in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

CHICAGO — Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have improvements in their quality of life as well as their sleep disorder after surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissue, according to an article in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

In recent years, there has been an increased frequency of adenotonsillectomy (the surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissue) for abnormal enlargement and sleep breathing disturbance rather than chronic infection, according to background information in the article. In addition, previous studies have shown that quality of life (QOL) is impaired for children with sleep disturbances, both global and in some specific areas likely to be problematic for children with obstructive sleep apnea, including behavior, infections, and airway and breathing.

Michael G. Stewart, M.D., of the Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, and colleagues assessed polysomnogram (PSG) results and global and specific quality of life in children with sleep-disordered breathing who were suspected of having obstructive sleep apnea at baseline and then were asked to return for follow-up assessment at six months and one year. In children, obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by a disorder of breathing during sleep caused by an airway obstruction. PSG is an overnight test to evaluate sleep disorders. Quality of life was measured using standard questionnaires.

Forty-seven children were enrolled in the study on the basis of suspected sleep breathing disturbance. Thirty-one children, 22 boys and nine girls, were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea on the basis of a polysomnogram and adenotonsillectomy was recommended. Of the 31 children, 29 returned for follow-up at six months. Of that group, 24 had undergone surgery and five had not. There were no significant differences between the two groups. "...only 19 children returned for testing one year after treatment or enrollment," the authors write. "We compared QOL data subscale scores between the six month and one-year follow-up periods, and there were no significant differences ... Therefore, since the sample size was larger for the six-month group, we used that group for further analysis of the QOL data."

"Children who underwent adenotonsillectomy had significant improvements in QOL scores and PSG parameters," the researchers state. "We found significantly larger QOL changes in children who underwent surgery compared with children without surgery. ... No strong association was identified between QOL scores and PSG parameters."

"The improvements in QOL were seen six months after surgery and were sustained at one year," the authors write. "Even though not all children were cured of OSA (using PSG parameters), the improvement in QOL was nevertheless significant. This indicates that some of the effects of sleep-disordered breathing on QOL are not measured by the PSG."

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;131:308-314. Available post-embargo at archoto.com)

Editor's Note: This study was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Journal Of The American Medical Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Journal Of The American Medical Association. "Surgery For Children With Sleep Apnea Improves Quality Of Life." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 April 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050420091102.htm>.
Journal Of The American Medical Association. (2005, April 22). Surgery For Children With Sleep Apnea Improves Quality Of Life. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050420091102.htm
Journal Of The American Medical Association. "Surgery For Children With Sleep Apnea Improves Quality Of Life." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050420091102.htm (accessed October 2, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, October 2, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Pregnancy Spacing Could Have Big Impact On Autism Risks

Pregnancy Spacing Could Have Big Impact On Autism Risks

Newsy (Oct. 1, 2014) A new study says children born less than one year and more than five years after a sibling can have an increased risk for autism. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Robotic Hair Restoration

Robotic Hair Restoration

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) A new robotic procedure is changing the way we transplant hair. The ARTAS robot leaves no linear scarring and provides more natural results. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Insertable Cardiac Monitor

Insertable Cardiac Monitor

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) A heart monitor the size of a paperclip that can save your life. The “Reveal Linq” allows a doctor to monitor patients with A-Fib on a continuous basis for up to 3 years! Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Attacking Superbugs

Attacking Superbugs

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) Two weapons hospitals can use to attack superbugs. Scientists in Ireland created a new gel resistant to superbugs, and a robot that can disinfect a room in minutes. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins