Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Surgery For Children With Sleep Apnea Improves Quality Of Life

Date:
April 22, 2005
Source:
Journal Of The American Medical Association
Summary:
Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have improvements in their quality of life as well as their sleep disorder after surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissue, according to an article in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

CHICAGO — Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have improvements in their quality of life as well as their sleep disorder after surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissue, according to an article in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

In recent years, there has been an increased frequency of adenotonsillectomy (the surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissue) for abnormal enlargement and sleep breathing disturbance rather than chronic infection, according to background information in the article. In addition, previous studies have shown that quality of life (QOL) is impaired for children with sleep disturbances, both global and in some specific areas likely to be problematic for children with obstructive sleep apnea, including behavior, infections, and airway and breathing.

Michael G. Stewart, M.D., of the Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, and colleagues assessed polysomnogram (PSG) results and global and specific quality of life in children with sleep-disordered breathing who were suspected of having obstructive sleep apnea at baseline and then were asked to return for follow-up assessment at six months and one year. In children, obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by a disorder of breathing during sleep caused by an airway obstruction. PSG is an overnight test to evaluate sleep disorders. Quality of life was measured using standard questionnaires.

Forty-seven children were enrolled in the study on the basis of suspected sleep breathing disturbance. Thirty-one children, 22 boys and nine girls, were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea on the basis of a polysomnogram and adenotonsillectomy was recommended. Of the 31 children, 29 returned for follow-up at six months. Of that group, 24 had undergone surgery and five had not. There were no significant differences between the two groups. "...only 19 children returned for testing one year after treatment or enrollment," the authors write. "We compared QOL data subscale scores between the six month and one-year follow-up periods, and there were no significant differences ... Therefore, since the sample size was larger for the six-month group, we used that group for further analysis of the QOL data."

"Children who underwent adenotonsillectomy had significant improvements in QOL scores and PSG parameters," the researchers state. "We found significantly larger QOL changes in children who underwent surgery compared with children without surgery. ... No strong association was identified between QOL scores and PSG parameters."

"The improvements in QOL were seen six months after surgery and were sustained at one year," the authors write. "Even though not all children were cured of OSA (using PSG parameters), the improvement in QOL was nevertheless significant. This indicates that some of the effects of sleep-disordered breathing on QOL are not measured by the PSG."

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;131:308-314. Available post-embargo at archoto.com)

Editor's Note: This study was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Journal Of The American Medical Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Journal Of The American Medical Association. "Surgery For Children With Sleep Apnea Improves Quality Of Life." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 April 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050420091102.htm>.
Journal Of The American Medical Association. (2005, April 22). Surgery For Children With Sleep Apnea Improves Quality Of Life. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050420091102.htm
Journal Of The American Medical Association. "Surgery For Children With Sleep Apnea Improves Quality Of Life." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/04/050420091102.htm (accessed July 25, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Friday, July 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Beatings and Addiction: Pakistan Drug 'clinic' Tortures Patients

Beatings and Addiction: Pakistan Drug 'clinic' Tortures Patients

AFP (July 24, 2014) A so-called drugs rehab 'clinic' is closed down in Pakistan after police find scores of ‘patients’ chained up alleging serial abuse. Duration 03:05 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Too Few Teens Receiving HPV Vaccination, CDC Says

Too Few Teens Receiving HPV Vaccination, CDC Says

Newsy (July 24, 2014) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is blaming doctors for the low number of children being vaccinated for HPV. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) The FDA approved Targiniq ER on Wednesday, a painkiller designed to keep users from abusing it. Like any new medication, however, it has doubters. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Newsy (July 24, 2014) Sheik Umar Khan has treated many of the people infected in the Ebola outbreak, and now he's become one of them. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins