Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Men Who Lose Social Status Much More Likely To Suffer Depression Than Women

Date:
September 15, 2005
Source:
University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Summary:
Downward mobility quadruples risk of depression in men, but not in women, shows a study by the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Women in the study were twice as likely to be downwardly mobile but generally avoided the depression and poor psychological wellbeing that researchers found in men in the same position. Men who experienced a downward social shift were four times more likely to experience depression than men who improved their social status.

Men who slide down the social ladder during their lifetime take theblow much harder than women in the same position, a new study shows.

Related Articles


Women were twice as likely to be downwardly mobile but generallyavoided the depression and poor psychological wellbeing thatresearchers found in men in the same position.

Men who experienced a downward social shift were four timesmore likely to experience depression than men who improved their socialstatus, whereas there was no marked difference in mental health betweenwomen who had moved up or down the social ladder.

In the study, researchers from the University of Newcastleupon Tyne used the occupation of the head of the household as themarker for social status, and surveyed men and women born in 1947 inNewcastle from childhood to age 50.

Their findings could be explained by the fact that men born inthis era gained much of their self-esteem from their careers, whereaswomen found fulfilment from other social pursuits outside work, such aschildren and friendships. It's also possible that women are moreemotionally resilient in this type of situation, say the researchers.

The study is published today in the Journal of Epidemiologyand Community Health. Lead researcher, Dr Paul Tiffin, who also worksas an NHS psychiatrist, said: "The Newcastle Thousand Families Studygave us an opportunity to try and understand more about howsocioeconomic circumstances throughout life might be linked to mentalwell-being in middle age. With an increasing emphasis on the promotionof good health, findings such as these are likely to challenge thoseinvolved in health and social policy."

The study used data from 224 men and 283 women in the ThousandFamilies Study, a Newcastle University project which has examined thehealth and social circumstances of children born in Newcastle upon Tynein May and June 1947 throughout their lives.

Information on participants' mental health was gained from a28-part questionnaire which probed stress and anxiety levels, generalmood, and tendency to suicidal thoughts, amongst other markers.

Study co-author and Director of the Thousand Families Study,Dr Mark Pearce, of Newcastle University's School of Clinical MedicalSciences, said:

"It's possible that this reaction is typical of this post-wargeneration, where the man expected to be the main breadwinner of thehousehold and took a significant knock to his self-esteem when he wasnot able to achieve this. Women, on the other hand, perhaps viewedhaving a successful family life as more important than their careers.

"Having robust mental health is just as important as goodphysical health -- the two are often interdependent. Depression canlead to a vicious circle where poor mental health and lack ofengagement with society becomes the norm for an individual.

Dr Tiffin added "Whilst we must be cautious in generalisingour findings to other populations, our findings do suggest that it'simportant for governments and other agencies to consider the widereffect of mass redundancies and drastic economic changes. The tendencyis to focus on the financial losses that workers and their familiesexperience but this research shows that the psychological effectsshould equally be taken into account and acted upon."

###

The work was funded by the Wellcome Trust, the Minnie HendersonTrust, the Sir John Knott Trust, and the Special Trustees of NewcastleHospitals.



Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Newcastle upon Tyne. "Men Who Lose Social Status Much More Likely To Suffer Depression Than Women." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 September 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050915010834.htm>.
University of Newcastle upon Tyne. (2005, September 15). Men Who Lose Social Status Much More Likely To Suffer Depression Than Women. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 1, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050915010834.htm
University of Newcastle upon Tyne. "Men Who Lose Social Status Much More Likely To Suffer Depression Than Women." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050915010834.htm (accessed April 1, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, April 1, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

7-Year-Old Girl Gets 3-D Printed 'robohand'

7-Year-Old Girl Gets 3-D Printed 'robohand'

AP (Mar. 31, 2015) — Although she never had much interest in prosthetic limbs before, Faith Lennox couldn&apos;t wait to slip on her new robohand. The 7-year-old, who lost part of her left arm when she was a baby, grabbed it as soon as it came off a 3-D printer. (March 31) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Solitair Device Aims to Takes Guesswork out of Sun Safety

Solitair Device Aims to Takes Guesswork out of Sun Safety

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Mar. 31, 2015) — The Solitair device aims to take the confusion out of how much sunlight we should expose our skin to. Small enough to be worn as a tie or hair clip, it monitors the user&apos;s sun exposure by taking into account their skin pigment, location and schedule. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Soda, Salt and Sugar: The Next Generation of Taxes

Soda, Salt and Sugar: The Next Generation of Taxes

Washington Post (Mar. 30, 2015) — Denisa Livingston, a health advocate for the Dinι Community Advocacy Alliance, and the Post&apos;s Abby Phillip discuss efforts around the country to make unhealthy food choices hurt your wallet as much as your waistline. Video provided by Washington Post
Powered by NewsLook.com
UnitedHealth Buys Catamaran

UnitedHealth Buys Catamaran

Reuters - Business Video Online (Mar. 30, 2015) — The $12.8 billion merger will combine the U.S.&apos; third and fourth largest pharmacy benefit managers. Analysts say smaller PBMs could also merge. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins