Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Inheritance, Smoking Spawn Mysterious And Deadly Lung Disease

Date:
September 28, 2005
Source:
Duke University Medical Center
Summary:
An incurable, deadly lung disorder, "idiopathic interstitial pneumonia" (IIP), whose causes were mysterious arises from a combination of a genetic predisposition and damage due to inhaled chemicals, notably from cigarette smoking, Duke University Medical Center researchers have found.

Related Articles


They said their findingscould lead to a treatment, but more immediately represent a warning topeople with the genetic predisposition not to smoke.

The findingssuggest that the disease in its many forms may stem from a commongenetic defect that prevents the proper repair of lung injury, theresearchers report in a forthcoming issue of American Journal ofRespiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

IIP is a form ofpulmonary fibrosis, a group of diseases characterized by scarring ofthe lungs. The condition, for which no treatment exists, typicallykills its victims within five years. While the prevalence of thedisease is unknown according the National Institutes of Health,estimates indicate the numbers are rising with as many as 15,000 newcases of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis -- a form of the disease havingunknown causes -- diagnosed yearly in the U.S.

After examining111 families including multiple people with IIP, the Duke team foundevidence that a single abnormal copy of an as-yet-unidentified gene canspark the disease. However, the condition appears to strike only thoseprone to the condition who also experience some secondary lung injury.Smokers, in particular, had over three times the risk of developing thecondition than members of affected families who had never smoked, foundthe researchers.

"This is a terrible disease whose causes haveremained unclear and for which no treatment exists," said Mark Steele,M.D. "Our findings provide convincing support for a genetic basis. Butit's more than that -- development of the disease takes a second hit.One such hit is cigarette smoking."

The findings may lead to thediscovery of the genes responsible for IIP and new directions fortreating the incurable disease, Steele said. The results alsounderscore the need for those with a family history of the disease tostop smoking, he added.

Pulmonary fibrosis is an inflammatorydisease that results in scarring, or fibrosis, of the lungs. Over time,the fibrosis can progress such that the lungs can no longer deliveroxygen to the body's tissues. Although physicians often prescribe acombination of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive therapies, theonly clearly effective treatment is lung transplantation.

Lastyear, a treatment that had shown early promise in alleviating symptomsand preventing the advance of pulmonary fibrosis failed to stall thedisorder's progression in 162 patients.

"Therapies that have beentested in clinical trials have not proved effective," Steele said. "Weneed to identify new directions.

"We've known for some time thatidiopathic interstitial pneumonia can run in families," he added."Currently there is no adequate animal model to study the disease.Therefore, we can use genetics to dissect the causes and mechanism ofthe disease."

The researchers evaluated 111 families in which atleast two relatives had been diagnosed with IIP. The sample included309 people with the disease and 360 unaffected relatives.

Thedisease disproportionately affected siblings and also showed a patternof transmission from parent to child in many families, the team found.Older people, males and those who had smoked cigarettes also showed agreater risk of developing IIP, they reported.

The team foundthat cigarette smoking had an important independent effect on diseaserisk. Those with a history of smoking had a 3.6-fold greater chance ofgetting the disease, they found.

"While the importance ofcigarette smoking in the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosisremains controversial, case control studies among patients with thedisease support the current findings in the familial form of thedisease as well as sporadic forms, and consistently indicate thatcigarette smoking is a risk factor for the development of the disease,"Steele said.

"This suggests that while certain genetic factorsplace an individual at risk of developing pulmonary fibrosis, lunginjury substantially contributes to the disease. That finding raisesthe possibility that an intrinsic inability to repair injured lungtissue may be the fundamental biologic defect that ultimately resultsin fibrosis and lung collapse."

Almost half of the familiesexamined demonstrated symptom variability, with some families includingmembers with different disease subtypes, they reported. That led theresearchers to conclude that different subtypes of IIP -- previouslyconsidered separate diseases -- may in fact stem from common geneticfactors and common mechanisms.

Collaborators on the studyincluded Marcy Speer, Aretha Herron, Susan Slifer, Lauranell Burch,Momen Wahidi, Thomas Sporn, and Page McAdams and David Schwartz, all ofDuke, and researchers at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine,National Jewish Medical and Research Center and University of ColoradoHealth Sciences Center. The researchers conducted the study using aprogram supported by the National Center for Research Resources.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Duke University Medical Center. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Duke University Medical Center. "Inheritance, Smoking Spawn Mysterious And Deadly Lung Disease." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 September 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050928081931.htm>.
Duke University Medical Center. (2005, September 28). Inheritance, Smoking Spawn Mysterious And Deadly Lung Disease. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 29, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050928081931.htm
Duke University Medical Center. "Inheritance, Smoking Spawn Mysterious And Deadly Lung Disease." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050928081931.htm (accessed March 29, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, March 29, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

S. Leone in New Anti-Ebola Lockdown

S. Leone in New Anti-Ebola Lockdown

AFP (Mar. 28, 2015) — Sierra Leone imposed a three-day nationwide lockdown Friday for the second time in six months in a bid to prevent a resurgence of the deadly Ebola virus. Duration: 01:17 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
These Popular Antibiotics Can Cause Permanent Nerve Damage

These Popular Antibiotics Can Cause Permanent Nerve Damage

Newsy (Mar. 27, 2015) — A popular class of antibiotic can leave patients in severe pain and even result in permanent nerve damage. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
WH Plan to Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Germs

WH Plan to Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Germs

AP (Mar. 27, 2015) — The White House on Friday announced a five-year plan to fight the threat posed by antibiotic-resistant bacteria amid fears that once-treatable germs could become deadly. (March 27) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
House Ready to Pass Medicare Doc Bill

House Ready to Pass Medicare Doc Bill

AP (Mar. 26, 2015) — In rare bipartisan harmony, congressional leaders pushed a $214 billion bill permanently blocking physician Medicare cuts toward House passage Thursday, moving lawmakers closer to resolving a problem that has plagued them for years. (March 26) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins